US House of Representatives approves law to crack down on Burmese military

US House of Representatives approves law to crack down on Burmese military  On April 6, the US House of Representatives approved the Burma Act 2021, which seeks to crack down on the Burmese military.  The enactment of the law led to a military coup in 2021 that killed 1,700 people. Gregory W. Meeks, chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said in a statement that "clear statements of responsibility for human rights abuses" have been made.  "I am proud to be able to stand with the people of Burma, who are fighting for their freedom," he said. Meeks wrote in a statement.  Global Witness, a British-based human rights group, welcomed the House of Representatives' approval of the Burma Bill and urged the Senate to approve it.  This law is also called the "Burma Unified through Rigorous Military Accountability Act of 2021" or "BURMA Act of 2021".  If the law is approved by both houses of parliament and signed by the president, the people who helped support the military coup on February 1, 2021, To impose sanctions on groups; Restrictions on fundamental freedoms; Human rights violations; It will be empowered to take responsibility for all the consequences of violence against civilians and other inhumane acts.  The State Department will also appoint a special coordinator for Burma's democracy. The right to mediate between US government agencies working on Burma; It will also have the power to seek international sanctions.  In addition, Burma and neighboring countries such as Thailand, It will have the authority to provide humanitarian assistance through civil society through Bangladesh, and will be able to urge the United States to press the United Nations to take effective action against the Burmese military council.  According to the law, the Burmese military has committed crimes against the Rohingya or other ethnic groups since 2012. An analysis of the crimes committed after the February 1, 2021 military coup; Prevention and control of such atrocities in Myanmar It also stipulates that the Secretary of State must submit a report to the House Committees within three months of the enactment of the law, which provides for transitional justice.    Russia sells $ 247 million worth of weapons to Burmese military in six years  2022 On March 27, Tatmadaw Day was celebrated in Naypyidaw. Missile vehicles were on display. However, this year's event was different from previous years, with no foreign delegates present.  Russia's Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin was invited to attend a military ceremony last year, but was not present this year.  In Myanmar, last year 2021. Russia is one of the few countries that has supported the coup since the military coup in February. Russia is also exporting its weapons to the Burmese military. In return, the Burmese military council endorsed Russia's invasion of Ukraine.  ANU University, Australia Southeast Asia researcher Hunter Marston says some Russian military equipment is planned to arrive in Burma. He said Russian experts were needed to repair the helicopters in some areas.  Russia is a major arms supplier to Southeast Asia, selling between $ 2,000 and $ 10.7 billion worth of military equipment in the region between 2000 and 2019, according to the International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).  Russia is the largest buyer, with Russia supplying 80 percent of Vietnam's military equipment since 2000. In addition, Burma sold $ 247 million to Myanmar between 2015 and 2021, $ 105 million to Thailand and $ 47 million to Thailand, according to SIPRI.  In the six weeks leading up to the Ukraine War, Western leaders have called on Russian President Vladimir Putin to be prosecuted for war crimes, and Southeast Asian governments have yet to decide.  An Australian university professor says even if the war in Ukraine ends, arms purchases between Russia and Russia will continue to rise.  Similarly, the United States and its allies are trying to punish Russia for war crimes. He says the political situation could worsen if Moscow calls for reconstruction in Ukraine.  He said most countries in the region and Asean should be vigilant and work with the United States and Europe to reduce tensions, and that the EU could impose sanctions on Russia, which supplies arms to Burma's military.  According to one statistics, from 2000 to 2021, Russia was Russia's largest arms exporter in Southeast Asia, followed by Malaysia, Malaysia and Thailand. Indonesia Thailand and Cambodia are on the list. But the United States wants to reduce the number of countries like Indonesia and Vietnam, including India, that rely on Russia for weapons.  Russia's role in the arms market in Southeast Asia is strong because of its cheap weapons, according to the Netherlands-based DW.  Southeast Asia is now at odds with the United States and China, but at the same time it is facing regional territorial disputes between Vietnam and the Philippines in the South China Sea.

On April 6, the US House of Representatives approved the Burma Act 2021, which seeks to crack down on the Burmese military.

The enactment of the law led to a military coup in 2021 that killed 1,700 people. Gregory W. Meeks, chairwoman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said in a statement that "clear statements of responsibility for human rights abuses" have been made.

"I am proud to be able to stand with the people of Burma, who are fighting for their freedom," he said. Meeks wrote in a statement.

Global Witness, a British-based human rights group, welcomed the House of Representatives' approval of the Burma Bill and urged the Senate to approve it.

This law is also called the "Burma Unified through Rigorous Military Accountability Act of 2021" or "BURMA Act of 2021".

If the law is approved by both houses of parliament and signed by the president, the people who helped support the military coup on February 1, 2021, To impose sanctions on groups; Restrictions on fundamental freedoms; Human rights violations; It will be empowered to take responsibility for all the consequences of violence against civilians and other inhumane acts.

The State Department will also appoint a special coordinator for Burma's democracy. The right to mediate between US government agencies working on Burma; It will also have the power to seek international sanctions.

In addition, Burma and neighboring countries such as Thailand, It will have the authority to provide humanitarian assistance through civil society through Bangladesh, and will be able to urge the United States to press the United Nations to take effective action against the Burmese military council.

According to the law, the Burmese military has committed crimes against the Rohingya or other ethnic groups since 2012. An analysis of the crimes committed after the February 1, 2021 military coup; Prevention and control of such atrocities in Myanmar It also stipulates that the Secretary of State must submit a report to the House Committees within three months of the enactment of the law, which provides for transitional justice.

Russia sells $ 247 million worth of weapons to Burmese military in six years

2022 On March 27, Tatmadaw Day was celebrated in Naypyidaw. Missile vehicles were on display. However, this year's event was different from previous years, with no foreign delegates present.

Russia's Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin was invited to attend a military ceremony last year, but was not present this year.

In Myanmar, last year 2021. Russia is one of the few countries that has supported the coup since the military coup in February. Russia is also exporting its weapons to the Burmese military. In return, the Burmese military council endorsed Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

ANU University, Australia Southeast Asia researcher Hunter Marston says some Russian military equipment is planned to arrive in Burma. He said Russian experts were needed to repair the helicopters in some areas.

Russia is a major arms supplier to Southeast Asia, selling between $ 2,000 and $ 10.7 billion worth of military equipment in the region between 2000 and 2019, according to the International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Russia is the largest buyer, with Russia supplying 80 percent of Vietnam's military equipment since 2000. In addition, Burma sold $ 247 million to Myanmar between 2015 and 2021, $ 105 million to Thailand and $ 47 million to Thailand, according to SIPRI.

In the six weeks leading up to the Ukraine War, Western leaders have called on Russian President Vladimir Putin to be prosecuted for war crimes, and Southeast Asian governments have yet to decide.

An Australian university professor says even if the war in Ukraine ends, arms purchases between Russia and Russia will continue to rise.

Similarly, the United States and its allies are trying to punish Russia for war crimes. He says the political situation could worsen if Moscow calls for reconstruction in Ukraine.

He said most countries in the region and Asean should be vigilant and work with the United States and Europe to reduce tensions, and that the EU could impose sanctions on Russia, which supplies arms to Burma's military.

According to one statistics, from 2000 to 2021, Russia was Russia's largest arms exporter in Southeast Asia, followed by Malaysia, Malaysia and Thailand. Indonesia Thailand and Cambodia are on the list. But the United States wants to reduce the number of countries like Indonesia and Vietnam, including India, that rely on Russia for weapons.

Russia's role in the arms market in Southeast Asia is strong because of its cheap weapons, according to the Netherlands-based DW.

Southeast Asia is now at odds with the United States and China, but at the same time it is facing regional territorial disputes between Vietnam and the Philippines in the South China Sea.
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