Eric Adams is the second black mayor of New York

Eric Adams is the second black mayor of New York  Eric Adams was sworn in as New York City's mayor on Saturday, the second black American to hold the position.  The swearing-in followed a traditional New Year's Eve party in Times Square.  "I chose Times Square as the location for my oath because I take this position at a time of great challenges for our city," Adams, 61, said in his first speech after being sworn in.  He added that New York City "will not shut down again due to the Corona pandemic because New Yorkers are more resilient than the epidemic."  Adams added that New York City "should be the center of the universe again."  He continued, "We all need this reminder now We have lived through two years of continuous crisis and this insults our nature as residents of New York City."  The new mayor admitted that "unemployment, crime rates and coronavirus cases in the city are still high."  Addressing the audience, Adams asked: “How do we get our city back? The answer is simple, we will take it back by committing to each other now, from here, and starting today.”  He added, "This will be our resolution for the new year, and the crisis will not control us."  Adams is a Democrat and a former police chief, and is the second African-American mayor in the city's history to win this position.  Adams takes over from Bill de Blasio, who has served as mayor of New York since 2014.  Adams served in the New York City Police Department for 22 years, served four terms as a New York state senator, and seven years as the first African-American president of Brooklyn.

Eric Adams is the second black mayor of New York


Eric Adams was sworn in as New York City's mayor on Saturday, the second black American to hold the position.

The swearing-in followed a traditional New Year's Eve party in Times Square.

"I chose Times Square as the location for my oath because I take this position at a time of great challenges for our city," Adams, 61, said in his first speech after being sworn in.

He added that New York City "will not shut down again due to the Corona pandemic because New Yorkers are more resilient than the epidemic."

Adams added that New York City "should be the center of the universe again."

He continued, "We all need this reminder now We have lived through two years of continuous crisis and this insults our nature as residents of New York City."

The new mayor admitted that "unemployment, crime rates and coronavirus cases in the city are still high."

Addressing the audience, Adams asked: “How do we get our city back? The answer is simple, we will take it back by committing to each other now, from here, and starting today.”

He added, "This will be our resolution for the new year, and the crisis will not control us."

Adams is a Democrat and a former police chief, and is the second African-American mayor in the city's history to win this position.

Adams takes over from Bill de Blasio, who has served as mayor of New York since 2014.

Adams served in the New York City Police Department for 22 years, served four terms as a New York state senator, and seven years as the first African-American president of Brooklyn.


The Brazilian film “7 Prisoners”: Human innocence is distorted by oppression and the corruption of power  Since the beginning of the fifties of the last century, a group of filmmakers have been active in Brazil, who were strongly inclined to follow the trail of Italian realism and the French New Wave that came a short time later. A camera in the hand, an idea in the head” meaning that they put the responsibility of producing a good film on the director, who must have visions before he submits any work, and there is no difference here in principle between working in the cinema and struggling in political life for change. . The bet, then, is on the priority of the ideas that the film should present.  The movie “7 Prisoners” produced by Netflix 2021 brings us to the reality of the brutal treatment that hides behind the issue of human trafficking, in many regions of the world, especially the countries of Brazil, in which the events of this film take place, and its plot was formulated with a high degree of maturity in the form that showed great details Cruelty to what humans are subjected to, especially young people who are forced by miserable economic conditions to risk their lives in order to achieve their dreams of a luxurious life, as is the case with the central character, 18-year-old Mateus.  From the first shots, the camera follows Mateus as he spends his naughty days in the countryside among members of his poor family, and he had no ambition but to study in college to become an engineer, and for that he decides to travel to the capital, São Paulo, after he got a job through a broker with three other young men, Ezequiel. (Vitor Julian), Isaac (Lucas Oranmian) and Samuel (Bruno Rocha) were similar to him in poverty, so the mediator's bus takes them from the countryside towards the capital, and as soon as they arrive, they find themselves in a large garage for collecting scrap, and little by little they discover that the mediator has deceived them, and that they They had fallen into a more bitter experience than their conditions in the countryside, so their presence in the new place seemed as if they were prisoners, when they noticed the high walls of the garage surrounded by barbed wire, and the room designated for their accommodation lacks the most basic human needs, and they feel that they have fallen into a greater ordeal than the one from which they escaped. Especially after they find their employer Luca (Rodrigo Santoro) with a gun, and locking the garage door on them.Permanently to prevent them from going out to the city after they finished their daily work, and in the face of the protest expressed by Mateus, Luca resorted to snatching from them their personal cards and phones in order to cut off any connection to them with the outside world, so they felt defeated in front of his might, and they had no choice but to They continue to work hard until the time comes when they can escape from the place in which they were held, this is what Matthews found, who distinguished himself from his colleagues by intelligence and strength and convinced them of it, but all their attempts to escape failed.  The emotional arc of the film's plot takes a sharp dramatic turn when Matthews begins to get involved in Luca's filthy world, after he was asked to choose between siding with his colleagues and becoming his assistant so that he can fulfill his dreams of getting rich, thus succeeding in luring him to his side, to become part of his tools .  We are in front of an eternal picture of the moral conflict that man faces, at a defining moment that may pass over his life, during which his principles and values ​​that he was brought up on and believed in are tested. The scenario in observing the complex psychological transformations in the character of Matthews, after he was rebellious against the ugliness of exploitation, then he drifts to the other side, biased towards the individual solution, abandoning the personality of the good and brave young man to transform into a similar version of Luca, and this was embodied in one of the most The scenes are influential in the film when Matthews chases one of his colleagues in the streets of the city when he finds him succeeding in escaping from the garage, and as soon as he manages to strangle him, he almost dies, and returns him bound to the same place from which he himself dreamed of getting rid of.  After the scene of the chase, Mateus has passed the stage of innocence to fall into the darkness of a savage world, in which man does not hesitate to crush everything in front of him in order to remain alive in the hope of obtaining the life of wealth for which he came, and that is why Mateus pays members of the Luca gang to record a video They threaten to kill the mother of one of his co-workers if he tries to escape, and when he reached this defining moment, he was no longer concerned with the feelings of contempt with which his colleagues began to confront him. and politicians, and he became dependent on him in all the work he accomplishes until he brought him into his house and introduced him to his mother and wife and sat next to them and ate with them as if he were one of them.  The psychology of repression and rebellion We are in front of a movie that monitors, with a smart filming department, how the psychology of a human being rebellious against oppression under the machine of oppression and terrorism turns into a character that stands in contrast to it, prompting him to do so because he fears that his family will fall under the threat machine by a brute authority, represented by Luca the employer, who is linked In a partnership relationship with politicians, and based on these pressures, the good young man Matthews turns into a monster, taking on the identity of the criminal Luca, in defense of his self-interests for which he came.  With these connotations, the film addresses, in suggestive language, a general reality that prevails in most countries in which the individual is languishing under regimes that perpetuate a miserable reality, and are keen to perpetuate it with their repressive tools, so that humans, by fear of them, become transformed into terrified beings, ready to crush each other, in order to enjoy the opportunity of a life free of Poverty and misery in which they drown.  The film’s discourse rises to a mature level of cinematic expression in its introspection of the characters’ interiors with close-up shots that capture the connotations of being crushed under the machine of slavery on their faces, to present us with a tale of human beings searching for a better life, and their adventure ending in falling into the grip of a regime that perpetuates corruption, through complicity. Between his many rings, he started with scrap dealers and ended with men of power.  Movie plot The artistic importance of the film, which is reflected in presenting a realistic cinematic plot, about the miserable conditions that put humans in a state of severe test, in which their feelings and convictions are in a state of test between continuing on their innate humanity or turning into beings that practice violence in the same way that he was practicing They have their masters. This treatment came in accordance with a vision in which the script of the film evoked with high transparency, the duality of evil and good, away from the ready-made stereotyping of the characters. The junkyard was a field for exposing the social structure filled with debris of human feelings, if people were subjected to an authority that robs them of their dreams, and turns them to pieces, in the case of scrap that Luca trades. One of the dramatic, touching moments is the shot in which Mateus and his colleagues look from behind the barbed wire that surrounds them in the scrapyard to the skyscrapers.  And if it comes to the actors, the actor Christian Malliros, who played the character Matthews, drew our attention to his abundant talent in his expressive tools, to refer us to the intensity of psychological transformations that accompanied the character in his complex dramatic path, as the actor Rodrigo Santoro succeeded in the role of Luca as much as A great deal of persuasion and influence, without it appearing that he was making an effort, and without a doubt, the director's management of the cast, especially the young youth, was distinguished by his ability to maintain the spontaneity of their performance of the characters while they live intertwined feelings of rebellion, anxiety, fear, helplessness and frustration. The film was previously nominated for the Critics' Award at the Venice Film Festival in its latest edition this year.



The Brazilian film “7 Prisoners”: Human innocence is distorted by oppression and the corruption of power


Since the beginning of the fifties of the last century, a group of filmmakers have been active in Brazil, who were strongly inclined to follow the trail of Italian realism and the French New Wave that came a short time later. A camera in the hand, an idea in the head” meaning that they put the responsibility of producing a good film on the director, who must have visions before he submits any work, and there is no difference here in principle between working in the cinema and struggling in political life for change. . The bet, then, is on the priority of the ideas that the film should present.

The movie “7 Prisoners” produced by Netflix 2021 brings us to the reality of the brutal treatment that hides behind the issue of human trafficking, in many regions of the world, especially the countries of Brazil, in which the events of this film take place, and its plot was formulated with a high degree of maturity in the form that showed great details Cruelty to what humans are subjected to, especially young people who are forced by miserable economic conditions to risk their lives in order to achieve their dreams of a luxurious life, as is the case with the central character, 18-year-old Mateus.

From the first shots, the camera follows Mateus as he spends his naughty days in the countryside among members of his poor family, and he had no ambition but to study in college to become an engineer, and for that he decides to travel to the capital, São Paulo, after he got a job through a broker with three other young men, Ezequiel. (Vitor Julian), Isaac (Lucas Oranmian) and Samuel (Bruno Rocha) were similar to him in poverty, so the mediator's bus takes them from the countryside towards the capital, and as soon as they arrive, they find themselves in a large garage for collecting scrap, and little by little they discover that the mediator has deceived them, and that they They had fallen into a more bitter experience than their conditions in the countryside, so their presence in the new place seemed as if they were prisoners, when they noticed the high walls of the garage surrounded by barbed wire, and the room designated for their accommodation lacks the most basic human needs, and they feel that they have fallen into a greater ordeal than the one from which they escaped. Especially after they find their employer Luca (Rodrigo Santoro) with a gun, and locking the garage door on them.Permanently to prevent them from going out to the city after they finished their daily work, and in the face of the protest expressed by Mateus, Luca resorted to snatching from them their personal cards and phones in order to cut off any connection to them with the outside world, so they felt defeated in front of his might, and they had no choice but to They continue to work hard until the time comes when they can escape from the place in which they were held, this is what Matthews found, who distinguished himself from his colleagues by intelligence and strength and convinced them of it, but all their attempts to escape failed.

The emotional arc of the film's plot takes a sharp dramatic turn when Matthews begins to get involved in Luca's filthy world, after he was asked to choose between siding with his colleagues and becoming his assistant so that he can fulfill his dreams of getting rich, thus succeeding in luring him to his side, to become part of his tools .

We are in front of an eternal picture of the moral conflict that man faces, at a defining moment that may pass over his life, during which his principles and values ​​that he was brought up on and believed in are tested. The scenario in observing the complex psychological transformations in the character of Matthews, after he was rebellious against the ugliness of exploitation, then he drifts to the other side, biased towards the individual solution, abandoning the personality of the good and brave young man to transform into a similar version of Luca, and this was embodied in one of the most The scenes are influential in the film when Matthews chases one of his colleagues in the streets of the city when he finds him succeeding in escaping from the garage, and as soon as he manages to strangle him, he almost dies, and returns him bound to the same place from which he himself dreamed of getting rid of.

After the scene of the chase, Mateus has passed the stage of innocence to fall into the darkness of a savage world, in which man does not hesitate to crush everything in front of him in order to remain alive in the hope of obtaining the life of wealth for which he came, and that is why Mateus pays members of the Luca gang to record a video They threaten to kill the mother of one of his co-workers if he tries to escape, and when he reached this defining moment, he was no longer concerned with the feelings of contempt with which his colleagues began to confront him. and politicians, and he became dependent on him in all the work he accomplishes until he brought him into his house and introduced him to his mother and wife and sat next to them and ate with them as if he were one of them.

The psychology of repression and rebellion
We are in front of a movie that monitors, with a smart filming department, how the psychology of a human being rebellious against oppression under the machine of oppression and terrorism turns into a character that stands in contrast to it, prompting him to do so because he fears that his family will fall under the threat machine by a brute authority, represented by Luca the employer, who is linked In a partnership relationship with politicians, and based on these pressures, the good young man Matthews turns into a monster, taking on the identity of the criminal Luca, in defense of his self-interests for which he came.

With these connotations, the film addresses, in suggestive language, a general reality that prevails in most countries in which the individual is languishing under regimes that perpetuate a miserable reality, and are keen to perpetuate it with their repressive tools, so that humans, by fear of them, become transformed into terrified beings, ready to crush each other, in order to enjoy the opportunity of a life free of Poverty and misery in which they drown.

The film’s discourse rises to a mature level of cinematic expression in its introspection of the characters’ interiors with close-up shots that capture the connotations of being crushed under the machine of slavery on their faces, to present us with a tale of human beings searching for a better life, and their adventure ending in falling into the grip of a regime that perpetuates corruption, through complicity. Between his many rings, he started with scrap dealers and ended with men of power.

Movie plot
The artistic importance of the film, which is reflected in presenting a realistic cinematic plot, about the miserable conditions that put humans in a state of severe test, in which their feelings and convictions are in a state of test between continuing on their innate humanity or turning into beings that practice violence in the same way that he was practicing They have their masters. This treatment came in accordance with a vision in which the script of the film evoked with high transparency, the duality of evil and good, away from the ready-made stereotyping of the characters. The junkyard was a field for exposing the social structure filled with debris of human feelings, if people were subjected to an authority that robs them of their dreams, and turns them to pieces, in the case of scrap that Luca trades.
One of the dramatic, touching moments is the shot in which Mateus and his colleagues look from behind the barbed wire that surrounds them in the scrapyard to the skyscrapers.

And if it comes to the actors, the actor Christian Malliros, who played the character Matthews, drew our attention to his abundant talent in his expressive tools, to refer us to the intensity of psychological transformations that accompanied the character in his complex dramatic path, as the actor Rodrigo Santoro succeeded in the role of Luca as much as A great deal of persuasion and influence, without it appearing that he was making an effort, and without a doubt, the director's management of the cast, especially the young youth, was distinguished by his ability to maintain the spontaneity of their performance of the characters while they live intertwined feelings of rebellion, anxiety, fear, helplessness and frustration. The film was previously nominated for the Critics' Award at the Venice Film Festival in its latest edition this year.



US intelligence center: Yemen will remain a theater of destructive war and geopolitical conflict in 2022  The American "Stravor" Center for Security and Intelligence Studies (which is described as close to American intelligence) said in its analysis that the humanitarian crisis in Yemen is deepening with the continuation of the civil war, a crisis that the United Nations described as the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. The Center predicted that it will become more difficult to reach a political settlement during 2022 ; This means that the war-torn country will remain a geopolitical theater by proxy.  As the analysis indicates, the war in Yemen has recently entered its seventh year, and there is no clear end in sight. As none of the warring parties was able to win the battle in their favour, which means that a ceasefire is still a long way off.  The analysis confirms that resource scarcity is becoming an increasingly deep problem in Yemen, and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 2019 predicted that if the conflict continues until 2022, Yemen will be the poorest country in the world. In 2021, WFP reported that 80% of Yemen's population is now fully dependent on food and financial assistance. The Yemeni currency recently witnessed an unprecedented collapse, driven in part by years of continuous war.  The number of people killed in Yemen directly in conflict-related violence (i.e. fighting or air strikes), as well as those killed indirectly due to the repercussions of the ongoing civil war (such as starvation and preventable disease) is expected to reach 377,000. By the end of 2021, children under five will make up 70 percent of those deaths, according to a United Nations report released in November.  The analysis stresses that Houthi drones and the continuous missile attacks on Saudi territory are fueling a cycle of military escalation that makes it difficult for the warring parties to retreat. These attacks have become more frequent in the recent period. Saudi Arabia usually responds to these attacks with retaliatory air strikes and enhanced ground attacks.  According to him, with the development of Houthi weapons and their ability to replace the stockpile of missiles, Saudi Arabia is likely to continue the approach of a military response; Which means the continuation of the cycle of violence and destruction.  In early December, the US special envoy to Yemen said that Saudi Arabia had experienced 375 cross-border attacks since January 1. This is thanks in part to the technological development introduced by the Houthis.  The analysis indicates that the main front lines are still burning; What makes each side reticent to withdraw. Fighting remains intense along the front lines in the central governorates of Shabwa and Ma'rib, as well as the coastal area of ​​Hodeidah.  The continuation of the "map of control" as it is indicates that the warring parties on the ground are relatively equal. Moreover, the economic and political value of some areas, namely the oil reserves in Marib, the port of Hodeidah, the coastal area, and the politically valuable lands of Shabwa, reduces the incentive on both sides to retreat from the front lines.  He sees that while a continuation of the stalemate is likely, the front lines will change if Saudi Arabia deems the material and human losses too costly, or if the Houthis' recruitment efforts begin to falter.  In recent months, the fighting in Marib has been so intense that the same Yemeni civilians have been displaced several times; Where the center of the conflict advances and retreats. A report issued by the United Nations Development Program on December 12 indicated that the ongoing violence in Marib has displaced 45,000 people since last September.  The analysis confirms that the prolonged war exacerbated the initial motives of the civil conflict; Which made it more difficult to solve. Inequality and scarcity of resources, local populations’ mistrust of external actors, including Saudi Arabia and Iran, and societal, sectarian, and geographic divisions among Yemeni communities, were among the drivers of the 2014 conflict. All of these factors were exacerbated over the course of the war; This reduces the likelihood of a negotiated end to the conflict.  The 2019 Riyadh Agreement led to the formation of a Yemeni government in early 2021 that included northern and southern leaders, while excluding the Houthi rebels. But mistrust between northern and southern Yemeni factions continued to hamper deeper cooperation beyond maintaining a common front against the Houthis; This prevented the Yemeni government from presenting a strong and united front in the peace negotiations at the local and international levels.  Given these factors, it is unlikely, according to the analysis, that the warring parties in Yemen will reach a political settlement in 2022. This means that Yemen will remain a major geopolitical theater for Saudi Arabia, Iran and other external actors with interests in the region.  According to him, the increasing instability in Yemen is one of the factors that are currently pushing Saudi Arabia and the UAE to consider rapprochement with Iran, in the hope that close communication with Tehran will mitigate the risk of the conflict in Yemen spreading to Saudi or Emirati territory.  However, it is unlikely, according to the analysis, that we will witness in this year a change in the strategic imperatives that compel Riyadh to maintain its comprehensive military intervention in Yemen, i.e. the need to ensure the territorial integrity of Yemen and prevent a Shiite government, pro-Iranian or extremist from taking over The reins of leadership in Sanaa.  With the Saudi-led coalition remaining on one side of the war and the Houthi rebels on the other, all ceasefire efforts in 2022 will likely collapse along the fault lines that impeded earlier attempts at a political settlement.  The ongoing conflict will also force the United States, according to the analysis, to continue to be involved in Yemen in order to protect Saudi Arabia from the growing threat of Houthi missiles and drone strikes.  Since taking office, US President Joe Biden has tried to limit the explicit US involvement in the Yemeni civil conflict by reducing the scope of US cooperation with the Saudi-led coalition, but Washington remains the kingdom's main supplier of military equipment, and recently completed the sale of defensive weapons to Riyadh.  Finally, the analysis indicates that Iran continues to provide the Houthi rebels in Yemen with weapons and defense equipment, as well as military support. However, the extent of Tehran's economic support for the group remains unclear. In contrast, the latest UN ceasefire efforts in November received significant media attention, but saw little momentum on the ground between the warring parties.


US intelligence center: Yemen will remain a theater of destructive war and geopolitical conflict in 2022


The American "Stravor" Center for Security and Intelligence Studies (which is described as close to American intelligence) said in its analysis that the humanitarian crisis in Yemen is deepening with the continuation of the civil war, a crisis that the United Nations described as the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. The Center predicted that it will become more difficult to reach a political settlement during 2022 ; This means that the war-torn country will remain a geopolitical theater by proxy.

As the analysis indicates, the war in Yemen has recently entered its seventh year, and there is no clear end in sight. As none of the warring parties was able to win the battle in their favour, which means that a ceasefire is still a long way off.

The analysis confirms that resource scarcity is becoming an increasingly deep problem in Yemen, and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 2019 predicted that if the conflict continues until 2022, Yemen will be the poorest country in the world. In 2021, WFP reported that 80% of Yemen's population is now fully dependent on food and financial assistance. The Yemeni currency recently witnessed an unprecedented collapse, driven in part by years of continuous war.

The number of people killed in Yemen directly in conflict-related violence (i.e. fighting or air strikes), as well as those killed indirectly due to the repercussions of the ongoing civil war (such as starvation and preventable disease) is expected to reach 377,000. By the end of 2021, children under five will make up 70 percent of those deaths, according to a United Nations report released in November.

The analysis stresses that Houthi drones and the continuous missile attacks on Saudi territory are fueling a cycle of military escalation that makes it difficult for the warring parties to retreat. These attacks have become more frequent in the recent period. Saudi Arabia usually responds to these attacks with retaliatory air strikes and enhanced ground attacks.

According to him, with the development of Houthi weapons and their ability to replace the stockpile of missiles, Saudi Arabia is likely to continue the approach of a military response; Which means the continuation of the cycle of violence and destruction.

In early December, the US special envoy to Yemen said that Saudi Arabia had experienced 375 cross-border attacks since January 1. This is thanks in part to the technological development introduced by the Houthis.

The analysis indicates that the main front lines are still burning; What makes each side reticent to withdraw. Fighting remains intense along the front lines in the central governorates of Shabwa and Ma'rib, as well as the coastal area of ​​Hodeidah.

The continuation of the "map of control" as it is indicates that the warring parties on the ground are relatively equal. Moreover, the economic and political value of some areas, namely the oil reserves in Marib, the port of Hodeidah, the coastal area, and the politically valuable lands of Shabwa, reduces the incentive on both sides to retreat from the front lines.

He sees that while a continuation of the stalemate is likely, the front lines will change if Saudi Arabia deems the material and human losses too costly, or if the Houthis' recruitment efforts begin to falter.

In recent months, the fighting in Marib has been so intense that the same Yemeni civilians have been displaced several times; Where the center of the conflict advances and retreats. A report issued by the United Nations Development Program on December 12 indicated that the ongoing violence in Marib has displaced 45,000 people since last September.

The analysis confirms that the prolonged war exacerbated the initial motives of the civil conflict; Which made it more difficult to solve. Inequality and scarcity of resources, local populations’ mistrust of external actors, including Saudi Arabia and Iran, and societal, sectarian, and geographic divisions among Yemeni communities, were among the drivers of the 2014 conflict. All of these factors were exacerbated over the course of the war; This reduces the likelihood of a negotiated end to the conflict.

The 2019 Riyadh Agreement led to the formation of a Yemeni government in early 2021 that included northern and southern leaders, while excluding the Houthi rebels. But mistrust between northern and southern Yemeni factions continued to hamper deeper cooperation beyond maintaining a common front against the Houthis; This prevented the Yemeni government from presenting a strong and united front in the peace negotiations at the local and international levels.

Given these factors, it is unlikely, according to the analysis, that the warring parties in Yemen will reach a political settlement in 2022. This means that Yemen will remain a major geopolitical theater for Saudi Arabia, Iran and other external actors with interests in the region.

According to him, the increasing instability in Yemen is one of the factors that are currently pushing Saudi Arabia and the UAE to consider rapprochement with Iran, in the hope that close communication with Tehran will mitigate the risk of the conflict in Yemen spreading to Saudi or Emirati territory.

However, it is unlikely, according to the analysis, that we will witness in this year a change in the strategic imperatives that compel Riyadh to maintain its comprehensive military intervention in Yemen, i.e. the need to ensure the territorial integrity of Yemen and prevent a Shiite government, pro-Iranian or extremist from taking over The reins of leadership in Sanaa.

With the Saudi-led coalition remaining on one side of the war and the Houthi rebels on the other, all ceasefire efforts in 2022 will likely collapse along the fault lines that impeded earlier attempts at a political settlement.

The ongoing conflict will also force the United States, according to the analysis, to continue to be involved in Yemen in order to protect Saudi Arabia from the growing threat of Houthi missiles and drone strikes.

Since taking office, US President Joe Biden has tried to limit the explicit US involvement in the Yemeni civil conflict by reducing the scope of US cooperation with the Saudi-led coalition, but Washington remains the kingdom's main supplier of military equipment, and recently completed the sale of defensive weapons to Riyadh.

Finally, the analysis indicates that Iran continues to provide the Houthi rebels in Yemen with weapons and defense equipment, as well as military support. However, the extent of Tehran's economic support for the group remains unclear. In contrast, the latest UN ceasefire efforts in November received significant media attention, but saw little momentum on the ground between the warring parties.
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