The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a refugee camp in Dimoso

The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a refugee camp in Dimoso  Kayah (Karenni) State Refugees in Lobakho village say a bomb blast near a hospital in Lobakho village in Demawso Township early this morning (February 27).  The bomber struck shortly after 1 a.m. in the area, where many refugees were fleeing.  "This morning, all the war refugees near the clinic fled." About 1,000 IDPs in Lobakho village have fled again, and a hospital in the area has been closed, according to a security source in the village, who spoke on condition of anonymity.  “Some refugees are living in houses. Some lived in tents near Lobakho's clinic. This morning, all the war refugees near the clinic fled. Because the weapons that fell yesterday were also around them. Some IDPs in their homes have also packed their bags into cars. Some go by motorbike. My sister was coming to Lobako for treatment when her nephew broke his leg and was being treated at Lobako Hospital. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. "It's planned to treat the nephew over there."  The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a hospital, injuring several locals and damaging several buildings near the hospital. The Karenni National Defense Force (KNDF) says that there is currently no fighting in Kayah State near the village of Lobakho in Demawso Township, north of Demawso Township, and around Nan Mae Khon.  A KNDF official said the bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a hospital in Lobakho village. "It was two big bombs that weighed about 500 pounds. We also have bombs. I must say I am lucky. They threw it down on the hill next to the hospital, leaving the area uninhabited, and we suffered only minor injuries. The rest is not worse. Even that was destroyed. "  A KNDF official said the council's air force bombed a hospital in Lobakho village and fired artillery shells from the ground. An unnamed security source assisting refugees said the mountain range near the Lobakho village hospital was inhabited by refugees.  "Around that mountainous area, all are refugees," he said. There are many other places besides him. But we do not know why. We too have been simplified. Whether he likes her or not. Whoever it is. Sow where you want to sow. Is there only a child here? I don't know exactly. Even if you know, if you want to sow intentionally, you will sow. So we's one of his routines. His wickedness; "I see it as irrational."  The number of refugees in Dimawso Township and around Lobakho Village is estimated at more than 10,000, and this area is home to a large number of refugees.  In Kayah State, the military council has cut off food supplies to refugees and blocked access to southern Shan State and Rangoon.  The junta's deputy information minister, Gen. Zaw Min Tun, told RFA that there had been airstrikes on rockets, but no bombings.  He is still trying to contact General Zaw Min Tun about the shooting this morning. On February 24, a bomb dropped on a plane near Kyun Taw village in Nan Mae Khon Township was found to have not exploded. The KNDF said a local was also injured in the airstrikes that day in Dawkame village.  Fighting between the KNDF and the KNDF has been going on in the area since 16 February, and the KNDF has been forced to withdraw from Nang Mae Khon.  Currently, the KNDF has warned residents in Nanmegone to evacuate due to security concerns.   University of Sittwe under pressure to remove union offices  Rakhine State Students' union and teachers' union at Sittwe University are being pressured by university authorities to vacate their offices on February 28, the Students' Union (Sittwe University) announced today.  If they do not remove the office space, they will threaten to ask the Commander of the Southwestern Regional Command for a solution.  "The current student union (University of Sittwe) is not in a position to take advantage of the situation and will move its offices to avoid the actions of the dictator," the student union said in a statement.  University authorities verbally ordered the removal of the student union and teachers' union offices on February 25, citing the reopening of rest centers at Sittwe University.  There was no replacement for the office space and no coordination was made to relocate the office space, but no action was taken.  As the Students 'Union and the Teachers' Union are legal entities, the unreasonable removal from Sittwe University is an act of dictatorship and a violation of existing law.  RFA contacted union officials about the statement but could not be reached.

The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a refugee camp in Dimoso


Kayah (Karenni) State Refugees in Lobakho village say a bomb blast near a hospital in Lobakho village in Demawso Township early this morning (February 27).

The bomber struck shortly after 1 a.m. in the area, where many refugees were fleeing.

"This morning, all the war refugees near the clinic fled."
About 1,000 IDPs in Lobakho village have fled again, and a hospital in the area has been closed, according to a security source in the village, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

“Some refugees are living in houses. Some lived in tents near Lobakho's clinic. This morning, all the war refugees near the clinic fled. Because the weapons that fell yesterday were also around them. Some IDPs in their homes have also packed their bags into cars. Some go by motorbike. My sister was coming to Lobako for treatment when her nephew broke his leg and was being treated at Lobako Hospital. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. "It's planned to treat the nephew over there."

The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a hospital, injuring several locals and damaging several buildings near the hospital.
The Karenni National Defense Force (KNDF) says that there is currently no fighting in Kayah State near the village of Lobakho in Demawso Township, north of Demawso Township, and around Nan Mae Khon.

A KNDF official said the bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a hospital in Lobakho village.
"It was two big bombs that weighed about 500 pounds. We also have bombs. I must say I am lucky. They threw it down on the hill next to the hospital, leaving the area uninhabited, and we suffered only minor injuries. The rest is not worse. Even that was destroyed. "

A KNDF official said the council's air force bombed a hospital in Lobakho village and fired artillery shells from the ground.
An unnamed security source assisting refugees said the mountain range near the Lobakho village hospital was inhabited by refugees.

"Around that mountainous area, all are refugees," he said. There are many other places besides him. But we do not know why. We too have been simplified. Whether he likes her or not. Whoever it is. Sow where you want to sow. Is there only a child here? I don't know exactly. Even if you know, if you want to sow intentionally, you will sow. So we's one of his routines. His wickedness; "I see it as irrational."

The number of refugees in Dimawso Township and around Lobakho Village is estimated at more than 10,000, and this area is home to a large number of refugees.

In Kayah State, the military council has cut off food supplies to refugees and blocked access to southern Shan State and Rangoon.

The junta's deputy information minister, Gen. Zaw Min Tun, told RFA that there had been airstrikes on rockets, but no bombings.

He is still trying to contact General Zaw Min Tun about the shooting this morning.
On February 24, a bomb dropped on a plane near Kyun Taw village in Nan Mae Khon Township was found to have not exploded. The KNDF said a local was also injured in the airstrikes that day in Dawkame village.

Fighting between the KNDF and the KNDF has been going on in the area since 16 February, and the KNDF has been forced to withdraw from Nang Mae Khon.

Currently, the KNDF has warned residents in Nanmegone to evacuate due to security concerns.

The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a refugee camp in Dimoso  Kayah (Karenni) State Refugees in Lobakho village say a bomb blast near a hospital in Lobakho village in Demawso Township early this morning (February 27).  The bomber struck shortly after 1 a.m. in the area, where many refugees were fleeing.  "This morning, all the war refugees near the clinic fled." About 1,000 IDPs in Lobakho village have fled again, and a hospital in the area has been closed, according to a security source in the village, who spoke on condition of anonymity.  “Some refugees are living in houses. Some lived in tents near Lobakho's clinic. This morning, all the war refugees near the clinic fled. Because the weapons that fell yesterday were also around them. Some IDPs in their homes have also packed their bags into cars. Some go by motorbike. My sister was coming to Lobako for treatment when her nephew broke his leg and was being treated at Lobako Hospital. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. "It's planned to treat the nephew over there."  The bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a hospital, injuring several locals and damaging several buildings near the hospital. The Karenni National Defense Force (KNDF) says that there is currently no fighting in Kayah State near the village of Lobakho in Demawso Township, north of Demawso Township, and around Nan Mae Khon.  A KNDF official said the bomber struck shortly after noon in front of a hospital in Lobakho village. "It was two big bombs that weighed about 500 pounds. We also have bombs. I must say I am lucky. They threw it down on the hill next to the hospital, leaving the area uninhabited, and we suffered only minor injuries. The rest is not worse. Even that was destroyed. "  A KNDF official said the council's air force bombed a hospital in Lobakho village and fired artillery shells from the ground. An unnamed security source assisting refugees said the mountain range near the Lobakho village hospital was inhabited by refugees.  "Around that mountainous area, all are refugees," he said. There are many other places besides him. But we do not know why. We too have been simplified. Whether he likes her or not. Whoever it is. Sow where you want to sow. Is there only a child here? I don't know exactly. Even if you know, if you want to sow intentionally, you will sow. So we's one of his routines. His wickedness; "I see it as irrational."  The number of refugees in Dimawso Township and around Lobakho Village is estimated at more than 10,000, and this area is home to a large number of refugees.  In Kayah State, the military council has cut off food supplies to refugees and blocked access to southern Shan State and Rangoon.  The junta's deputy information minister, Gen. Zaw Min Tun, told RFA that there had been airstrikes on rockets, but no bombings.  He is still trying to contact General Zaw Min Tun about the shooting this morning. On February 24, a bomb dropped on a plane near Kyun Taw village in Nan Mae Khon Township was found to have not exploded. The KNDF said a local was also injured in the airstrikes that day in Dawkame village.  Fighting between the KNDF and the KNDF has been going on in the area since 16 February, and the KNDF has been forced to withdraw from Nang Mae Khon.  Currently, the KNDF has warned residents in Nanmegone to evacuate due to security concerns.   University of Sittwe under pressure to remove union offices  Rakhine State Students' union and teachers' union at Sittwe University are being pressured by university authorities to vacate their offices on February 28, the Students' Union (Sittwe University) announced today.  If they do not remove the office space, they will threaten to ask the Commander of the Southwestern Regional Command for a solution.  "The current student union (University of Sittwe) is not in a position to take advantage of the situation and will move its offices to avoid the actions of the dictator," the student union said in a statement.  University authorities verbally ordered the removal of the student union and teachers' union offices on February 25, citing the reopening of rest centers at Sittwe University.  There was no replacement for the office space and no coordination was made to relocate the office space, but no action was taken.  As the Students 'Union and the Teachers' Union are legal entities, the unreasonable removal from Sittwe University is an act of dictatorship and a violation of existing law.  RFA contacted union officials about the statement but could not be reached.

University of Sittwe under pressure to remove union offices


Rakhine State Students' union and teachers' union at Sittwe University are being pressured by university authorities to vacate their offices on February 28, the Students' Union (Sittwe University) announced today.

If they do not remove the office space, they will threaten to ask the Commander of the Southwestern Regional Command for a solution.

"The current student union (University of Sittwe) is not in a position to take advantage of the situation and will move its offices to avoid the actions of the dictator," the student union said in a statement.

University authorities verbally ordered the removal of the student union and teachers' union offices on February 25, citing the reopening of rest centers at Sittwe University.

There was no replacement for the office space and no coordination was made to relocate the office space, but no action was taken.

As the Students 'Union and the Teachers' Union are legal entities, the unreasonable removal from Sittwe University is an act of dictatorship and a violation of existing law.

RFA contacted union officials about the statement but could not be reached.

Gradually move the capital to the archipelago  Jakarta (ANTARA) - President Jokowi has on various occasions mentioned that the transfer of the State Capital to the Archipelago is not just moving the state civil apparatus (ASN) and building government buildings, but as a transformational leap.  In his statement, President Jokowi called IKN Nusantara to be a superior representation of the nation so that it became an example for the development of other cities in Indonesia and showed people around the world how Indonesia was carrying out new plans in realizing future aspirations.  To realize the ideals, of course, it is not enough just to have a vision, but it needs to be equipped with a plan and the most important thing is implementation.  The first capital is already in hand, namely Law Number 3 of 2022 concerning IKN which was promulgated on February 15, 2022. Although there is still a need for derivative regulations, the IKN Law and its attachments provide more or less an overview of the stages of moving the capital city from Jakarta to the archipelago.  Jokowi said the IKN Nusantara development plan would start in the first phase in the core area of ​​​​the central government and begin with revitalizing and reforesting forests first, followed by the construction of basic infrastructure, green and blue areas of the city, government complexes, offices and their facilities and infrastructure.  The development marks the transformation of society that President Jokowi calls starting from the development of the city. Jokowi said that he would realize IKN as a city with the natural environment and the built environment playing an important role in transforming a new community culture that is relevant to current developments and is ready for the future.  IKN development will have a minimal impact on the environment, using natural materials and based on renewable energy. IKN will also bring about a transformation in living, in harmony with nature, equipped with dynamic, humanist housing based on the spirit of gotong royong and togetherness.  Jokowi mentioned the transformation in work, which is smart, creative, interconnected, integrated with each other and collaborates to create a work culture that is productive, serves and is close to the community.  In the IKN Master Plan with a thickness of 126 pages it is stated that the government recognizes communities affected by the development and infrastructure plans in Phase 1, namely the period of the first few years of relocation because it is urgent and requires land acquisition and relocation strategies for resettlement.  In addition, there is the potential for shifts in the community, both changes in livelihoods and physical displacement to settlements within the IKN area that can be developed.  As for the people who are not directly affected, they will participate in economic development.  The development phase of the Nusantara IKN itself is planned to cover a land area of ​​approximately 256,142 hectares and an area of ​​marine waters covering an area of ​​approximately 68,189 hectares located in North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara regencies, East Kalimantan province.  IKN development is designed into 5 stages of development, namely:--  1. Phase 1 in 2022-2024. At this stage, development is divided into three major workflows, namely urban development, infrastructure development, and economic development. In Phase 1, housing for ASN, TNI, Polri and BIN will be built in the form of landed houses and apartment units.  In early 2023-2025, the construction of R&D facilities, world-class universities, lifelong educational institutions, innovation centers, health facilities, and international hospitals will begin.  Population relocation will begin with the TNI, Polri, and BIN in 2023 (pioneer relocation) and the relocation of representatives of the executive, legislative, judiciary, and ASN will be carried out in early 2024. Phase 1 is reached when the ASN transfer begins. Prior to the relocation, IKN was dominated by construction and defense and security workers.  2. Phase 2 in 2024-2029 At this stage, the main infrastructure is targeted to be ready to be connected to the new area. Primary and secondary public transportation facilities are targeted to be ready for use.  3. Phase 3 in 2030-2034 A number of infrastructures are targeted to be completed, such as mass public transportation systems, wastewater treatment plants (IPAL), drinking water treatment plants (IPAM), supporting facilities for sponge cities, waste processing, adding digital and urban amenities.  4. Stage 4 in 2035-2039 Stage 4 is marked by the start of rapid developments in education and health which will become the driving force for other economic sectors in IKN. Examples of facilities targeted for completion are the construction of regional railways, multipurpose dams.  5. Stage 5 in 2040-2045 In Phase 5, it is hoped that IKN development will reach its peak marked by sustainable industrial development and stable population growth. The population of KIKN is set to reach 1.7 million - 1.9 million people with a density of urban areas reaching around 100 people per hectare. The infrastructure is targeted to have been fully developed.  "Smart Governance" The document also explains that the government paradigm applied in IKN is said to lead to the concept of effective and efficient smart government.  The framework used is simplification of business processes and government affairs, development of institutional networks, implementing a digital ecosystem as a multi-sector transformation strategy and structuring ASN management in ministries and institutions.  The transfer of ministries and institutions was also carried out gradually in 5 clusters, namely: Cluster 1 consists of: ---  1. President and Vice President 2. High state institutions (MPR, DPR, DPD, MA, MK, KY, BPK) 3. Coordinating Ministry (Kemenko Economy, Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture, Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries). 4. Triumvirate ministries (Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense) 5. Ministries and Institutions that directly support the work of the President-Vice President, namely the Ministry of State Secretariat, Presidential Secretariat, Presidential Staff Office and Presidential Advisory Council 6. Ministries and institutions that support the planning, budgeting and development performance processes, namely the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Empowerment of State Apparatus and Bureaucratic Reform and the Development and Finance Audit Agency 7. The Ministry that supports the preparation of IKN basic infrastructure is the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Ministry of PUPR, Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning/BPN 8. Defense and security tools and ministries/agencies that support law enforcement, namely TNI Headquarters, TNI AD, TNI AL, TNI AU, Police Headquarters, Paspampres, BIN, BSSN, Attorney General's Office Agung, Ministry of Law and Human Rights, KPK.  Cluster 2 1. Ministries that support the development of IKN areas, namely the Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of SOEs 2. Ministries that support the implementation of basic services, human development and culture, namely the Ministry of Religion, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Villages PDTT, Ministry of Empowerment Women and Children, Ministry of Youth and Sports  Cluster 3 Ministries that support economic development and investment are the Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs, Ministry of Manpower, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Kemenrinves, Investment Coordinating Board  Cluster 4 Non-ministerial government agencies, namely the Central Statistics Agency, the State Civil Service Agency, the State Administration Agency, the National Population and Family Planning Agency, the National Narcotics Agency, the National Disaster Management Agency, the National Counter Terrorism Agency, Basarnas, Geospatial Information Agency, Bakamla, Lemhanas, Wantanas , Goods/Services Procurement Policy Institute, National Research and Innovation Agency, BPOM.  Cluster 5 Non-structural institutions, namely the General Election Commission, Bawaslu, Honorary Council for General Election Organizers, Center for Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis, RI Ombudsman, ASN Commission, Pancasila Ideology Development Agency, National Border Management Agency, Central Information Commission, Defense Industry Policy Committee and Regional Autonomy Advisory Council  Meanwhile, the institutions that were not transferred due to taking into account the roles, duties and functions whose implementation would be more optimal if they were not transferred were the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia (ANRI), the National Standardization Agency (BSN), BMKG, the Nuclear Energy Supervisory Agency (Bapeten), National Library, National Commission Business Competition Supervisor (KPPU), Komnas HAM, Komnas Perempuan, Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI), Witness and Victim Protection Agency (LPSK).  Furthermore, SKK Migas, BP Batam, the National Spatial Planning Coordinating Board (BKPRN), the Indonesian Migrant Worker Protection Agency (PB2MI), the National Amil Zakat Agency (Baznas), the National Consumer Protection Agency, and the Committee for Public Accountants.  Then the National Health Advisory Board, the Hospital Supervisory Agency, the Film Censorship Institute, the Indonesian Academy of Sciences, the Indonesian Medical Council, the Indonesian Health Workers Council, the Indonesian Nursing Council and the National Water Resources Council.  "Superhub" in the economy. Apart from relocating ASN, IKN also continues to carry out economic activities. IKN is defined as an economic "superhub" through a strategy of three cities (IKN, Balikpapan, and Samarinda) to form an economic development triangle.  IKN is expected to encourage innovation, such as biosimilars and vaccines, vegetable proteins, nutraceuticals, and new and renewable energy (EBT). IKN is the basis for "Smart City" and digital services, 21st century education, as well as city tourism, business, and health.  Samarinda will later become the "heart" with the mining, oil and gas sectors becoming a new, low-carbon, and sustainable energy sector. Meanwhile, Balikpapan will become the "muscle" of the Three Cities' economic development by utilizing its well-established logistics center and delivery service for import and export-oriented sectors. Balikpapan also accommodates petrochemical clusters and helps encourage product diversification from upstream oil and gas to various downstream petrochemical derivatives.  There will be 6 economic clusters within the IKN "superhub" namely the clean technology industry cluster, integrated pharmacy, sustainable agriculture industry, ecotourism, chemical and chemical derivative products and low-carbon energy.  Among these various clusters, there are 2 clusters that are already attached to the local population, namely the ecotourism cluster and the health/fitness tourism cluster.  IKN is expected to create a number of jobs from these clusters, namely: --  a. entrepreneurs and tour guides as well as guides for wildlife, rangers, community and cultural ecotourism; b. artisans, entrepreneurs, workers in local gift shops, organizers of handicraft workshops; c. entrepreneurs and workers in health/fitness centers, local spas, beauty clinics, and traditional healing; d. entrepreneurs, managers, and workers in the accommodation and culinary fields; e. entrepreneurs and workers in agro-ecotourism, agricultural cooperatives, and agricultural markets; and f. employers and workers in retail, food and beverage, and arts and entertainment.  IKN funding scheme The sources of IKN funding in the law are regulated from: --  1. APBN 2. Government and business entity cooperation (PPP) 3. Participation of business entities whose capital is wholly or partly owned by the state including SOEs / pure private 4. International financing 5. Other funding schemes (creative financing) such as "croud funding" and funds from philanthropy. 6. Utilization of State-Owned Goods (BMN) through rental schemes, utilization cooperation and handover construction.  The government estimates that the total budget requirement for IKN will reach Rp. 466 trillion, which will be met through the State Budget of Rp. 89.4 trillion, Rp. 253.4 trillion from government and business entity cooperation (KPBU) and Rp. 123.2 trillion from the private sector.  Finally, get ready to move step by step to the archipelago.

Gradually move the capital to the archipelago


Jakarta (ANTARA) - President Jokowi has on various occasions mentioned that the transfer of the State Capital to the Archipelago is not just moving the state civil apparatus (ASN) and building government buildings, but as a transformational leap.

In his statement, President Jokowi called IKN Nusantara to be a superior representation of the nation so that it became an example for the development of other cities in Indonesia and showed people around the world how Indonesia was carrying out new plans in realizing future aspirations.

To realize the ideals, of course, it is not enough just to have a vision, but it needs to be equipped with a plan and the most important thing is implementation.

The first capital is already in hand, namely Law Number 3 of 2022 concerning IKN which was promulgated on February 15, 2022.
Although there is still a need for derivative regulations, the IKN Law and its attachments provide more or less an overview of the stages of moving the capital city from Jakarta to the archipelago.

Jokowi said the IKN Nusantara development plan would start in the first phase in the core area of ​​​​the central government and begin with revitalizing and reforesting forests first, followed by the construction of basic infrastructure, green and blue areas of the city, government complexes, offices and their facilities and infrastructure.

The development marks the transformation of society that President Jokowi calls starting from the development of the city. Jokowi said that he would realize IKN as a city with the natural environment and the built environment playing an important role in transforming a new community culture that is relevant to current developments and is ready for the future.

IKN development will have a minimal impact on the environment, using natural materials and based on renewable energy.
IKN will also bring about a transformation in living, in harmony with nature, equipped with dynamic, humanist housing based on the spirit of gotong royong and togetherness.

Jokowi mentioned the transformation in work, which is smart, creative, interconnected, integrated with each other and collaborates to create a work culture that is productive, serves and is close to the community.

In the IKN Master Plan with a thickness of 126 pages it is stated that the government recognizes communities affected by the development and infrastructure plans in Phase 1, namely the period of the first few years of relocation because it is urgent and requires land acquisition and relocation strategies for resettlement.

In addition, there is the potential for shifts in the community, both changes in livelihoods and physical displacement to settlements within the IKN area that can be developed.

As for the people who are not directly affected, they will participate in economic development.

The development phase of the
Nusantara IKN itself is planned to cover a land area of ​​approximately 256,142 hectares and an area of ​​marine waters covering an area of ​​approximately 68,189 hectares located in North Penajam Paser and Kutai Kartanegara regencies, East Kalimantan province.

IKN development is designed into 5 stages of development, namely:--

1. Phase 1 in 2022-2024.
At this stage, development is divided into three major workflows, namely urban development, infrastructure development, and economic development. In Phase 1, housing for ASN, TNI, Polri and BIN will be built in the form of landed houses and apartment units.

In early 2023-2025, the construction of R&D facilities, world-class universities, lifelong educational institutions, innovation centers, health facilities, and international hospitals will begin.

Population relocation will begin with the TNI, Polri, and BIN in 2023 (pioneer relocation) and the relocation of representatives of the executive, legislative, judiciary, and ASN will be carried out in early 2024. Phase 1 is reached when the ASN transfer begins. Prior to the relocation, IKN was dominated by construction and defense and security workers.

2. Phase 2 in 2024-2029
At this stage, the main infrastructure is targeted to be ready to be connected to the new area. Primary and secondary public transportation facilities are targeted to be ready for use.

3. Phase 3 in 2030-2034
A number of infrastructures are targeted to be completed, such as mass public transportation systems, wastewater treatment plants (IPAL), drinking water treatment plants (IPAM), supporting facilities for sponge cities, waste processing, adding digital and urban amenities.

4. Stage 4 in 2035-2039
Stage 4 is marked by the start of rapid developments in education and health which will become the driving force for other economic sectors in IKN. Examples of facilities targeted for completion are the construction of regional railways, multipurpose dams.

5. Stage 5 in 2040-2045
In Phase 5, it is hoped that IKN development will reach its peak marked by sustainable industrial development and stable population growth. The population of KIKN is set to reach 1.7 million - 1.9 million people with a density of urban areas reaching around 100 people per hectare. The infrastructure is targeted to have been fully developed.

"Smart Governance"
The document also explains that the government paradigm applied in IKN is said to lead to the concept of effective and efficient smart government.

The framework used is simplification of business processes and government affairs, development of institutional networks, implementing a digital ecosystem as a multi-sector transformation strategy and structuring ASN management in ministries and institutions.

The transfer of ministries and institutions was also carried out gradually in 5 clusters, namely:
Cluster 1 consists of: ---

1. President and Vice President
2. High state institutions (MPR, DPR, DPD, MA, MK, KY, BPK)
3. Coordinating Ministry (Kemenko Economy, Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture, Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries).
4. Triumvirate ministries (Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense)
5. Ministries and Institutions that directly support the work of the President-Vice President, namely the Ministry of State Secretariat, Presidential Secretariat, Presidential Staff Office and Presidential Advisory Council
6. Ministries and institutions that support the planning, budgeting and development performance processes, namely the Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Empowerment of State Apparatus and Bureaucratic Reform and the Development and Finance Audit Agency
7. The Ministry that supports the preparation of IKN basic infrastructure is the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, Ministry of PUPR, Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning/BPN
8. Defense and security tools and ministries/agencies that support law enforcement, namely TNI Headquarters, TNI AD, TNI AL, TNI AU, Police Headquarters, Paspampres, BIN, BSSN, Attorney General's Office Agung, Ministry of Law and Human Rights, KPK.

Cluster 2
1. Ministries that support the development of IKN areas, namely the Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of SOEs
2. Ministries that support the implementation of basic services, human development and culture, namely the Ministry of Religion, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education and Culture, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Villages PDTT, Ministry of Empowerment Women and Children, Ministry of Youth and Sports

Cluster 3
Ministries that support economic development and investment are the Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs, Ministry of Manpower, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, Kemenrinves, Investment Coordinating Board

Cluster 4
Non-ministerial government agencies, namely the Central Statistics Agency, the State Civil Service Agency, the State Administration Agency, the National Population and Family Planning Agency, the National Narcotics Agency, the National Disaster Management Agency, the National Counter Terrorism Agency, Basarnas, Geospatial Information Agency, Bakamla, Lemhanas, Wantanas , Goods/Services Procurement Policy Institute, National Research and Innovation Agency, BPOM.

Cluster 5
Non-structural institutions, namely the General Election Commission, Bawaslu, Honorary Council for General Election Organizers, Center for Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis, RI Ombudsman, ASN Commission, Pancasila Ideology Development Agency, National Border Management Agency, Central Information Commission, Defense Industry Policy Committee and Regional Autonomy Advisory Council

Meanwhile, the institutions that were not transferred due to taking into account the roles, duties and functions whose implementation would be more optimal if they were not transferred were the National Archives of the Republic of Indonesia (ANRI), the National Standardization Agency (BSN), BMKG, the Nuclear Energy Supervisory Agency (Bapeten), National Library, National Commission Business Competition Supervisor (KPPU), Komnas HAM, Komnas Perempuan, Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI), Witness and Victim Protection Agency (LPSK).

Furthermore, SKK Migas, BP Batam, the National Spatial Planning Coordinating Board (BKPRN), the Indonesian Migrant Worker Protection Agency (PB2MI), the National Amil Zakat Agency (Baznas), the National Consumer Protection Agency, and the Committee for Public Accountants.

Then the National Health Advisory Board, the Hospital Supervisory Agency, the Film Censorship Institute, the Indonesian Academy of Sciences, the Indonesian Medical Council, the Indonesian Health Workers Council, the Indonesian Nursing Council and the National Water Resources Council.

"Superhub" in the economy.
Apart from relocating ASN, IKN also continues to carry out economic activities. IKN is defined as an economic "superhub" through a strategy of three cities (IKN, Balikpapan, and Samarinda) to form an economic development triangle.

IKN is expected to encourage innovation, such as biosimilars and vaccines, vegetable proteins, nutraceuticals, and new and renewable energy (EBT). IKN is the basis for "Smart City" and digital services, 21st century education, as well as city tourism, business, and health.

Samarinda will later become the "heart" with the mining, oil and gas sectors becoming a new, low-carbon, and sustainable energy sector.
Meanwhile, Balikpapan will become the "muscle" of the Three Cities' economic development by utilizing its well-established logistics center and delivery service for import and export-oriented sectors. Balikpapan also accommodates petrochemical clusters and helps encourage product diversification from upstream oil and gas to various downstream petrochemical derivatives.

There will be 6 economic clusters within the IKN "superhub" namely the clean technology industry cluster, integrated pharmacy, sustainable agriculture industry, ecotourism, chemical and chemical derivative products and low-carbon energy.

Among these various clusters, there are 2 clusters that are already attached to the local population, namely the ecotourism cluster and the health/fitness tourism cluster.

IKN is expected to create a number of jobs from these clusters, namely: --

a. entrepreneurs and tour guides as well as guides for wildlife, rangers, community and cultural ecotourism;
b. artisans, entrepreneurs, workers in local gift shops, organizers of handicraft workshops;
c. entrepreneurs and workers in health/fitness centers, local spas, beauty clinics, and traditional healing;
d. entrepreneurs, managers, and workers in the accommodation and culinary fields;
e. entrepreneurs and workers in agro-ecotourism, agricultural cooperatives, and agricultural markets; and
f. employers and workers in retail, food and beverage, and arts and entertainment.

IKN funding scheme
The sources of IKN funding in the law are regulated from: --

1. APBN
2. Government and business entity cooperation (PPP)
3. Participation of business entities whose capital is wholly or partly owned by the state including SOEs / pure private
4. International financing
5. Other funding schemes (creative financing) such as "croud funding" and funds from philanthropy.
6. Utilization of State-Owned Goods (BMN) through rental schemes, utilization cooperation and handover construction.

The government estimates that the total budget requirement for IKN will reach Rp. 466 trillion, which will be met through the State Budget of Rp. 89.4 trillion, Rp. 253.4 trillion from government and business entity cooperation (KPBU) and Rp. 123.2 trillion from the private sector.

Finally, get ready to move step by step to the archipelago.
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