Why is the Chinese government afraid of Turkic-runic manuscripts and documents in the Uyghur region? : China Why is the Chinese government afraid of Turkic-runic manuscripts and documents in the Uyghur region? : China

Why is the Chinese government afraid of Turkic-runic manuscripts and documents in the Uyghur region? : China

Why is the Chinese government afraid of Turkic-runic manuscripts and documents in the Uyghur region? : China

It is impossible to say precisely the number and type of cultural resources and manuscripts found as a result of planned or unplanned excavations by Chinese archaeologists, which were started in the Uyghur region by Russian archaeologists in the last years of the last century, and later by archaeologists from France, England, Germany, Sweden, Japan and other countries. Some of these ancient resources have been victims of war fires in neighboring countries, while others have faced great destruction and abuse from the Chinese side in recent years. Among them, the fate of manuscripts and ancient documents in various languages ​​is a cause for concern.

As a result of the Chinese government's call to "gradually improve the awareness and ability to use the common language and script" aimed at revitalizing Chinese nationalism and Chinese culture, and the popularization of works in Chinese, the languages ​​and scripts of other nations are facing unprecedented destruction and restrictions in history. Among the Tarisha documents, wall inscriptions and manuscripts found in the Uyghur region, the glorious history of the Uyghur people is recorded, and one script that our people is not very familiar with is the Turkic-Runic script. Türkic-runic writing, carved into magnificent rocks and considered "mysterious symbols" for centuries, was first recognized in the steppes of Siberia; After reading by Danish Wilhelm Thomson in 1893 and translated into modern language by Radloff, the secret of these symbols became clear, and it was known that they were originally the historical sources of the Turkic nation, and that the Turkic people are a powerful and civilized nation.

When we say Turkic-Runic script, most of our listeners think of stone inscriptions from the time of the Turkic and Uyghur empires near the Orhun-Selinga rivers in present-day Mongolia and the Siberian steppes of Russia. In addition to the stone inscriptions named after these two rivers, hundreds of large and small wooden stone inscriptions and inscriptions carved on rocks, furniture, and ornaments are known to exist and continue to be discovered in the vast land stretching from eastern Siberia to Central Asia. In 2012, found in Chang'an, the capital of China's Tang Dynasty, a short obituary carved on the tombstone of the Uyghur prince Kuli Churton, who died at the age of 19 for a mysterious reason, is also recorded in this inscription. In addition to inscriptions carved on solid objects, the "Race Bitig" found in Dunhuang stone quarries and brought to England by Aurel Stein is the Uyghur cultural heritage of this inscription.

If Wilhelm Thomson did not discover the secret of the Turkic-Runic writing, then will the writing and language of the stones remain a mystery forever? Why did the Chinese government put a special restriction on the Turkic-Runic script among the scripts used historically in the Uyghur land, and even hide the fact that this script was widely used by the Uyghurs in history?

Professor Osman Fikri Sartkaya, a famous Turkologist from Turkey, answered this question and said: "If Wilhelm Thomson did not discover the secret of the letter system of the Orhun monuments on November 15, 1893, through his report at the Danish Royal Academy on December 15, 1893, If the discovery was not reported to the scientist, the character system of these monuments would have been clarified with the help of Turpan and the bi-alphabetic texts found around it.

Indeed, among the manuscripts found in Turpan, three missing fragments of the alphabet were found among the Türkic-runic manuscripts written on paper. Two of these were discovered by the famous German explorer Albert von Le Coq (Albert von Le Coq) and are preserved in Berlin today. At the beginning of this alphabet, some Türkic-runic characters and their readings were written in the ancient Uighur script. In the second part, the reading of 19 letters of Turkic-runic script in Manic script is given place. The discovery of these two bisyllabic alphabets unified the hitherto divergent views on the order and individual pronunciation of the Türkic-Runic letters. In addition to these, another piece of missing manuscript was discovered by the Japanese explorer Otani Kozui (Otani Kozui), and it is a fragment of the alphabet that is kept at Ryukoku University today. It contains 16 characters written in order.

That is, if Wilhelm Thomson had not opened the secret of the Turkic-Runic script first, the Uyghurs would have opened it with their own key.

In addition to the 34 missing pieces of Turkic-runic manuscripts found in Turpan and now kept in Berlin, there are 13 pieces in England, 3 pieces in Japan, and one piece each in Russia and France. Among these, the manuscripts discovered in Milan by Aurel Stein in 1914 and taken to England are more complete documents than those found in Turpan. Although most of these manuscripts are worn out fragments, they are of great importance in the study of the historical culture and religious beliefs of the Uyghur region at that time. Judging from the content of the manuscripts found in Turpan, the date of the creation of these manuscripts corresponds to the period when the Uighurs converted to Manism, which began in 762 AD.

The reason why the Chinese government does not provide any information about these manuscripts in the Uyghur land is that these historical evidences refute the myth that "the Uyghurs migrated from the Orhun Valley to their present homeland in 840" which is being propagated by China. In fact, the conversion of the Uighurs to Manism coincided with the period when their economic, political and military power was at its strongest. From the historical facts of the Turkic-Runic script, we know that during this period, the Uighurs forced the Tang Dynasty to pay tribute. Even before 840, Orhun Valley and Turpan, including the entire Uyghur region, were not separate countries, but the homeland of one nation that converted to the same religion. That is, at one time, the Uyghur region covered a vast area from the Orhun-Yensei Valley to the west of the Pamir Mountains.

In addition to these precious manuscripts in Turkish-runic script written on paper in the Uyghur region, some new stone inscriptions and inscriptions on seals have also been discovered in recent years. Among them are short messages written on the walls of Khamtura Thousand Houses in Kucha, stone inscriptions found in Jimisar and small Tarisha inscriptions found in Hotan. In addition to these, it has been known for a long time that there are many inscriptions in Turkic-runic script carved on the walls of Turpan Yargol stone tombs. It should also be emphasized that it is conceivable that many of the inscriptions written and carved in this script, which appears to the uninitiated as a simple line, were destroyed by people such as Huang Wenbei, who did not know the script and was a self-styled archaeologist. Considering the content and distribution of these writings, it is entirely possible to imagine that many more manuscripts and documents emerged. Because it is from those historical traces that new artifacts and manuscripts in various languages ​​are being found to this day.

From 1982 to 2017, it was possible to read related information and text fragments about works such as the Orhun Yensai Eternal Stones written in Turkic-Runic script and the Irq Bitig written on paper found in Dunhuang in the elementary, middle school and even university courses in the Uyghur region. However, no information has been given about Turkic-runic manuscripts or Tarisha documents discovered in the Uyghur region itself. Hidden in this is the conspiracy plan of the Chinese government, which is to make the Uyghurs recognize that they are a nomadic people by promoting that their homeland is not an endless land stretching from the Orhun-Yensei Valley to the current Tarim Valley, but a separate country and a separate place. 

In fact, the reality is exactly the opposite of what China is promoting, and it is a fact that the Uyghurs live in a vast area from the foothills of the Pamirs to the Orhun Yensai Valley. Unable to deny the countless cultural artifacts and written evidences that reflect the unique identity and cultural characteristics of the Uyghur nation, the Chinese government uses all possible means to restrict the Uyghur language and cultural characteristics, forcing them to dissolve into the Chinese language and education, resulting in the Uighurs themselves. He is in a hurry to achieve his evil goal of incapacitating. Manuscripts and documents written in Turkic-runic script found in the Uyghur region are a truth that exposes the evil intentions of the Chinese government.

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