The main risks to which the elderly are exposed in the heat The main risks to which the elderly are exposed in the heat

The main risks to which the elderly are exposed in the heat

The main risks to which the elderly are exposed in the heat
Many chronic diseases worsen in hot weather, so older people must be very careful about their health.

Dr. Alexandra Popova, a nephrologist, points out that among the conditions and diseases that pose a greater risk than others in the heat are diabetes, chronic lung disease, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease.

She says: “As a result of dehydration in the heat, a person can feel dizziness, weakness, and blurred vision. It can cause loss of consciousness and fall, leading to serious injury. Therefore, in light of high temperatures, it is very important to drink a sufficient amount of fluids.”

According to her, the consequences of the effect of heat on the brain of the elderly in particular can be more serious due to dehydration and high temperature, leading to severe cognitive impairment and the emergence of delusions and hallucinations.

She says: “At the beginning of these dangers, the person becomes inattentive and cannot concentrate. It seems that the matter is not a worry, but in reality, since the brain controls all functions, this condition affects the activity of the entire body.”

The doctor points out that elderly people who suffer from diabetes are more affected by heat, because in such conditions a sharp jump in blood sugar levels can occur.

“Older people with cardiovascular disease in hot weather have an increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, arrhythmia, etc.,” she says.

In order to reduce these risks, it is recommended to drink a sufficient amount of water, eat plenty of vegetables, fruits and fruits, eat non-fatty meat and fish, and reduce the intake of fatty, fried and salty foods.

She says: “You should avoid exposure to the sun during its peak period - from 10:00 to 17:00. Avoid intense physical activity, and cover your head. In addition, it is better to wear clothes made of natural fabrics such as cotton and linen, and comfortable shoes. “Older people at risk should monitor their condition – measure blood pressure and heart rate and take medications that normalize heart rhythm and blood pressure.”


  1. Older people's health must be taken care of by the younger people.

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