Space travel and future humanity

Space travel and the future of humanity: Is it possible for humans to go and live in the galaxy?

Gerard O'Neill, a physicist in the mid-1970s, was contemplating the future of man in space when he concluded that his colleagues were wrong.

Many people were talking about moving to other planets, but they guessed that there is not much real estate in the solar system where one can go and live.

Most of the surface of the planets is not suitable for populations because the environment there is very harsh and will require a lot of fuel to get there.

O'Neill alternatively proposed populations that hang in space near Earth. They are cylindrical in shape and contain greenery, forests, lakes and fields. His dream affected an entire generation. And one of them has been the subject of international headlines in recent times. 

Gerard's concept of a space settlement

O'Neill's idea had a profound effect on a student during a seminar at Princeton University in the 1980s. He began to consider the possibility of man moving out of the earth and settling down.

Speaking to his school newspaper, the student said, "The land is limited. And if the global economy and human population continue to grow at the same rate, space will be the only place where humans can live. The student's name was Jeffrey Preston Bezos.

To understand why billionaires like Bezos want to go into space, it is important to know their influence.

For the average person, Blue Origin and other private space programs will be nothing more than the fact that some very rich people want to satisfy their ego by traveling in space on a very expensive rocket.

For others, in the face of climate change, global epidemics, growing inequality and other global issues, such a journey would be tantamount to turning a blind eye to reality.

But there is a great passion behind these efforts. And that is to settle in space. Bezos is not the only person who has suggested that the only way to survive is to move out of the world.

For over a century, people have dreamed of establishing a civilization beyond the Earth's atmosphere, and generations after Bezos and his associates will continue to do so.

The idea of ​​building a galaxy to ensure the future of man is almost two centuries old. Before that, people didn't think that the universe was uninhabited and that new settlements could be created in it.

Professor Thomas Moenhein of Oxford University says that even if people had the idea of ​​other worlds, there were populations, that is, they did not consider these worlds to be barren planets. "At that time there was a passion for people to go and settle in these places."

Man has known for some time that the universe is not densely populated

Manihin says that man has known in recent history the fact that most of the universe is empty where human populations can be spread.

Researchers were also inspired to think about the solar system and beyond by the fact that one day the sun will go out or for some other reason the human race will be wiped off the face of the earth.

Moenhein says the discovery at the beginning of the 20th century that there is immense power inside the atom reinforced the idea of ​​populating galaxies.

Russian space scientist Konstantin Sulkovsky made an interesting proposal to go to the planets with the help of a nuclear-powered spacecraft. In an article in 1911, he wrote: "Probably the best part of humanity will never die, and when one sun goes out, those people will move to another solar system and take shelter."

Munihin says that this ideology was not capitalist at all. In 1902, Nikolai Fedorov, Sulkovsky's teacher, feared that scribes would infect other planets in their quest for minerals.

The idea of ​​taking refuge in the galaxy also began to be debated in the West. According to Munihein, the American engineer Robert Goddard, the creator of the first liquid-powered rocket, wrote in 1918 that "if we succeed in liberating the power of the atom, we will be able to send humans out of the solar system."

According to Goddard, humans will carry with them a wealth of knowledge, and a new civilization will begin where one civilization ends. He thinks that if this is not possible, 'protoplasm' can be sent to settle new worlds.

A scene from George Meles's 1902 film A Trip to the Moon, in which astronauts reach the moon but do not live there and find it already inhabited.

Mounihein says that all these ideas gave rise to the idea that if humans could establish new settlements in our galaxy, the Milky Way, they would be able to survive for billions of years. These ideas led space billionaires like Bezos and Alan Musk to dream of galactic colonies.

If it had been in Bezos' bus, it would have moved all the industries that are harmful to the environment away from the earth and later man himself would have gone into the cylinder of O'Neill. They know they can't afford such a future, but they see themselves as paving the way for future generations.

Musk speaks more openly about the danger of extinction. He says that if we start living on different planets, such as Mars, then the human race will not be in danger of extinction.

Elon Musk, the billionaire owner of the SpaceX program, seems to be inspired by the idea of ​​a 'grab filter'. According to this theory, in the process of evolution, everything in the universe has a cut-off point, and when it reaches this point, it dies automatically. Musk expects humans to be the first to cross the line safely.

Munihin says the argument for going into space to save humanity is not as strong as the billionaires present it, especially at this time. He believes that humanity faces other major threats in this century, such as the global epidemic in the laboratory and the uncontrolled use of artificial intelligence.

These threats could spread from Earth to other planets. "Living on different planets may not be completely safe for every situation," says Monihin.

Bezos and fellow passengers begin a 10-minute, 10-second space journey on July 20, 2021

As far as climate change is concerned, although it is not a major threat to human survival right now, it will only add to the suffering of billions of people in the short term.

At present, neither space tourism nor the population of galaxies are large enough to help us deal with this threat today.

In the wake of floods, wildfires and scorching heat, many critics have criticized amateur space travel billionaires. Given the gravity of these problems, there are some who, at least for now, may abandon the idea of ​​galaxy colonies.

One of them is the voice of science fiction writer Sim Kiran, who says that space can give us a fascinating idea of ​​our own survival, but in reality, no matter how many light-years we travel, we create You can't get rid of the filth. '

"We have a good population at the moment," writes Kiran.

"It's so big we can all live with our friends and family. Its gravity is strong and its atmosphere protects us from harmful rays, in its environment we can breathe. In the form of the sun, there is an infinite supply of renewable energy that will last for at least a billion years.

There are more than eight million species on our spaceship that need further research. We have just begun to understand them. These species provide us with air, food, medicine and clean water, some are singing for us, some are making our air fragrant, and all these together make our planet very beautiful.

Man's future on earth will depend on the steps we take in the 21st century

But if we talk about millions of years from now, should the idea of ​​moving to the solar system and the Milky Way be considered more seriously in order to secure the future of mankind?

For those who are currently opposed to such a plan, it will be difficult for them to stick to it in the future because we cannot wait until humanity is completely wiped out. It would be an unimaginable catastrophe.

The average lifespan of a mammal is one million years, which means that if we do nothing about it, the moment of our extinction will come.

Such disasters are hidden somewhere in the depths of time. But unlike other living things, our intelligence is more advanced. Therefore, many researchers believe that the path of 'going into space' paves the way for our future survival. If we had more populations inside the galaxy, the human race would become stronger.

"I don't want to put all the eggs in one delicate basket," says Anders Sandberg, another researcher at Oxford University.

"Space colonies are weaker than planets, but you can populate more of them," he said. Once you have established large colonies, it will be possible to establish many smaller settlements. And at this point it will be possible for you to reduce the risks.

The decision to explore our galaxy will be made not by today's billionaires but by future generations

Whatever you say about the current generation of billionaires, there is no denying that they have made great strides in space travel in a very short period of time.

Sandberg recalls talking to Musk: "Before Musk sent a rocket into SpaceX, when Musk came to see him at Oxford University, he was drawing sketches on tissue papers at the Grand Cafe in Oxford, telling me that How will their plan to go into space be accomplished at a lower cost than NASA? I nodded and said: 'I hope what you are doing is right. Today he has proved himself.

However, Sandberg says that if man is to build a galactic civilization for his long-term permanence, he cannot be left to the whims of one or two billionaires of the 21st century. "If we don't want space to be inhabited by a few people, then we have to express our aspirations," he says.

In the long run, the plan to go into space will be a humane plan rather than a few people's wishes.

The civilization of the galaxies will eventually become part of our civilization. Maybe Bezos' dream of O'Neill's cylinder will come true.

Maybe it will help save our species. But the future will be decided by the inhabitants of the country, according to their preferences and aspirations, who will live after the richest people of the 21st century.

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