Erick Thohir: Investment in human resources is the key to maintaining Indonesia's growth until 2045

Erick Thohir: Investment in human resources is the key to maintaining Indonesia's growth until 2045  SOE Minister Erick Thohir revealed that investment in human resources (HR) is the key to maintaining the growth of the Republic of Indonesia (RI) until 2045.  "Investment in human resources, investment in the younger generation, investment in research and development (R&D) ), investment in innovation is the key to maintaining growth until 2045," said Erick Thohir when delivering a keynote speech at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang, as monitored online from Jakarta, Saturday.  According to the Minister of SOEs, there are several things that must be prepared in relation to HR investment, including preparing skilled labor, digitalization and digital infrastructure and health.  "What must be done is to prepare skilled laboror workers who have the capability, workers who understand what will be needed in the future," he said.  As many as 17.5 million workers, he continued, are needed by Indonesia until 2035, but workers who understand technology, workers who are close to technology , an entrepreneur who understands technology.  "Therefore, the infrastructure that will be built in the future is also very important. If we currently look at toll roads, airports, ports, then for the future the most important thing is infrastructure for digitization such as Wifi, data centers, cloud, internet cable networks, this is what new infrastructure needs," said Erick.  The Minister of SOEs also added that health is no less important. because it is impossible for Indonesia to grow if the society and its young generation are not healthy.  Previously, the Minister of SOEs, Erick Thohir, said that economic growth should not only rely on natural resources but also need to be strengthened by a knowledge-based economy .  The Minister of State-Owned Enterprises said that all this time, Indonesia was still hoping for natural resources where these natural resources could be exhausted and could not be used again in the future.  Indonesia's future challenges are precisely in the knowledge-based economy, where now is the era of people who are the center of growth, human innovation is the center of growth. Can't just rely on the market and natural resources.  According to Erick, if in 2045 the Indonesian generation is not a productive generation but a consumptive generation, then Indonesia Gold 2045 is just a dream.

Erick Thohir: Investment in human resources is the key to maintaining Indonesia's growth until 2045

SOE Minister Erick Thohir revealed that investment in human resources (HR) is the key to maintaining the growth of the Republic of Indonesia (RI) until 2045.

"Investment in human resources, investment in the younger generation, investment in research and development (R&D) ), investment in innovation is the key to maintaining growth until 2045," said Erick Thohir when delivering a keynote speech at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang, as monitored online from Jakarta, Saturday.

According to the Minister of SOEs, there are several things that must be prepared in relation to HR investment, including preparing skilled labor, digitalization and digital infrastructure and health.

"What must be done is to prepare skilled laboror workers who have the capability, workers who understand what will be needed in the future," he said.

As many as 17.5 million workers, he continued, are needed by Indonesia until 2035, but workers who understand technology, workers who are close to technology , an entrepreneur who understands technology.

"Therefore, the infrastructure that will be built in the future is also very important. If we currently look at toll roads, airports, ports, then for the future the most important thing is infrastructure for digitization such as Wifi, data centers, cloud, internet cable networks, this is what new infrastructure needs," said Erick.

The Minister of SOEs also added that health is no less important. because it is impossible for Indonesia to grow if the society and its young generation are not healthy.

Previously, the Minister of SOEs, Erick Thohir, said that economic growth should not only rely on natural resources but also need to be strengthened by a knowledge-based economy .

The Minister of State-Owned Enterprises said that all this time, Indonesia was still hoping for natural resources where these natural resources could be exhausted and could not be used again in the future.

Indonesia's future challenges are precisely in the knowledge-based economy, where now is the era of people who are the center of growth, human innovation is the center of growth. Can't just rely on the market and natural resources.

According to Erick, if in 2045 the Indonesian generation is not a productive generation but a consumptive generation, then Indonesia Gold 2045 is just a dream.


Myanmar believes Cambodia will lead ASEAN fairly  Myanmar is confident that Cambodia will carry out its duties as chair of ASEAN this year fairly, said Myanmar junta spokesman Zaw Min Tun.  Speaking to Friday, Zaw Min Tun said there were "good results" from Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen's visit to Myanmar last week.  He also said international pressure on Myanmar was not easing, but the country would not bow to pressure.  Hun Sen's meeting with junta leader General Min Aung Hlaing underlined the first visit by a Cambodian head of government to Myanmar since a military coup in Myanmar last year.  Hun Sen's visit is a blow to international efforts to isolate Myanmar's generals.   Malaysia's Foreign Minister Saifuddin Abdullah meanwhile voiced concern that Hun Sen's visit could be seen as a regional acknowledgment of the junta currently in power in Myanmar.  "There are those who think that he should not make the visit because his visit has been interpreted as an acknowledgment of the military in Myanmar," Saifuddin told reporters in Kuala Lumpur, Thursday (13/1).  “Malaysia is of the opinion that she has the right to visit Myanmar as head of the Cambodian government. However, we also feel that since he has served as chairman of ASEAN, he might be able to consult with other ASEAN leaders and take our views on what he should do if he goes to Myanmar," Saifuddin said, adding  Myanmar has been in turmoil since the coup ensued. The military military used lethal force to quell protests and faced armed resistance in various areas from opponents it called “terrorists.”  Thousands of people have been arrested and the ousted leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, 76, convicted of crimes including sedition and violate the rules of the corona virus.  ASEAN late last year took the unprecedented step of excluding Min Aung Hlaing from the summit of the leaders of the Southeast Asian countries.   The refusal to attend was based on Min's failure to implement a five-point peace plan to end hostilities and initiate inclusive dialogue, which he had agreed with ASEAN.  Saifuddin said it was unclear whether Cambodia, as chair of ASEAN, would continue to exclude Myanmar's junta from ASEAN meetings until it showed progress in dealing with the post-coup crisis.  Earlier, Cambodian Foreign Minister Prak Sokhonn said his country as ASEAN chair would take a "different approach" to the Myanmar crisis.  According to Myanmar state media, Min Aung Hlaing thanked Hun Sen for "standing with Myanmar".

Myanmar believes Cambodia will lead ASEAN fairly

Myanmar is confident that Cambodia will carry out its duties as chair of ASEAN this year fairly, said Myanmar junta spokesman Zaw Min Tun.

Speaking to Friday, Zaw Min Tun said there were "good results" from Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen's visit to Myanmar last week.

He also said international pressure on Myanmar was not easing, but the country would not bow to pressure.

Hun Sen's meeting with junta leader General Min Aung Hlaing underlined the first visit by a Cambodian head of government to Myanmar since a military coup in Myanmar last year.

Hun Sen's visit is a blow to international efforts to isolate Myanmar's generals. 

Malaysia's Foreign Minister Saifuddin Abdullah meanwhile voiced concern that Hun Sen's visit could be seen as a regional acknowledgment of the junta currently in power in Myanmar.

"There are those who think that he should not make the visit because his visit has been interpreted as an acknowledgment of the military in Myanmar," Saifuddin told reporters in Kuala Lumpur, Thursday (13/1).

“Malaysia is of the opinion that she has the right to visit Myanmar as head of the Cambodian government. However, we also feel that since he has served as chairman of ASEAN, he might be able to consult with other ASEAN leaders and take our views on what he should do if he goes to Myanmar," Saifuddin said, adding

Myanmar has been in turmoil since the coup ensued. The military military used lethal force to quell protests and faced armed resistance in various areas from opponents it called “terrorists.”

Thousands of people have been arrested and the ousted leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, 76, convicted of crimes including sedition and violate the rules of the corona virus.

ASEAN late last year took the unprecedented step of excluding Min Aung Hlaing from the summit of the leaders of the Southeast Asian countries. 

The refusal to attend was based on Min's failure to implement a five-point peace plan to end hostilities and initiate inclusive dialogue, which he had agreed with ASEAN.

Saifuddin said it was unclear whether Cambodia, as chair of ASEAN, would continue to exclude Myanmar's junta from ASEAN meetings until it showed progress in dealing with the post-coup crisis.

Earlier, Cambodian Foreign Minister Prak Sokhonn said his country as ASEAN chair would take a "different approach" to the Myanmar crisis.

According to Myanmar state media, Min Aung Hlaing thanked Hun Sen for "standing with Myanmar".


Why is the Hiroshima City Anti-Discrimination Ordinance Now Necessary? Enactment movement begins with the formation of a citizen network  In December 2021, 78 people and 31 civic groups formed the "Network for the Enactment of the" Hiroshima City Ordinance for Respecting Human Rights without Discrimination "" in an attempt to create an ordinance prohibiting discrimination and harassment in Hiroshima City. A coalition of civic groups gathered for anti-discrimination. The name of the ordinance is the same as the Kawasaki City Ordinance, which set criminal penalties for hate speech for the first time. Why does Hiroshima need a non-discrimination ordinance now? We asked many people who participated about the reasons and significance. (Kyodo News Hate Problem Coverage Group)  Discrimination demonstration in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome  "Because Hiroshima appeals to the world for peace, anti-discrimination ordinances are necessary." On November 16, 2009, before the formation of the network, representatives of citizen groups scheduled to participate held a press conference at Hiroshima City Hall and explained the purpose of the formation. The Hate Speech Elimination Act and the Village Discrimination Elimination Promotion Act require local governments to take measures, but complained that "Hiroshima City has not fulfilled that obligation."  Citizen group representatives holding a press conference before the formation of the network Etsuko Nakatani, director of Hiroshima YWCA, who is scheduled to take office as one of the co-representatives, said, "Several years ago, on the morning of the Peace Memorial Ceremony on August 6, there was a demonstration in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome that screamed for the exclusion of foreigners." He emphasized that there are facts (cases that form the basis of legislation).  This demonstration is known by the citizen group "CRAC Setouchi" (Crack Setouchi), which monitors and protests discrimination. It is said that a group giving hate speech comes to Hiroshima every year on August 6th to perform demonstration activities.  On August 6, 2011, near the Atomic Bomb Dome, "We will dismantle the anti-Japanese left-wing principal, the Atomic Bomb Dome," "We will create a future without North Korea rather than a future without nuclear weapons." There is a record that he shouted, "Get out of Japan." If it is a fact, it is not only discrimination, but also a statement that discourages the A-bomb survivors. This group also declared the city on August 6, 2009 in the center of Hiroshima city.  It is easy to think that there is no discrimination against A-bomb survivors, but the reality is different. There is still serious discrimination on the Internet, such as writing the professional baseball Hiroshima Carp as "keloid team".  At the press conference, Chairman Lee Zhou Ho of the NPO "Kyosei Forum Hiroshima", who is also scheduled to be appointed as co-representative, placed an order with the media. In 20 years, NHK Hiroshima Broadcasting Station pointed out in a Twitter post that was used to report the damage caused by the atomic bomb, "promoting discrimination against Koreans living in Japan." "There are words and deeds that incite hatred on the net and on the streets, and it divides society. It is necessary to give top priority to victim relief and to have an ordinance that hate speech is a violation."  "There are citizens who live in fear and pain" About 150 people participated in the formation commemorative rally held by the network on December 4, 2009 in a hall in Hiroshima city. Citizen groups, scholars and lawyers who have worked on human rights issues such as foreigners, persons with disabilities, gender and Buraku discrimination gathered.  Yasuko Morooka, a lawyer who appeals for the necessity of enacting ordinances The keynote speaker was Yasuko Morooka (Tokyo Bar Association), who is familiar with discrimination issues. At the beginning, a video of the hate demo and hate town announcement that had been in the past in Tokyo and Osaka was aired. Many participants frowned and closed their ears at the demonstration, which shouted "Kill, kill" to Koreans living in Japan at a loud volume.  Mr. Shikaoka pointed out that although the number of such demonstrations has decreased due to the hate speech elimination law enacted in 2016, the town proclamation that encourages the exclusion of foreigners is still repeated. In particular, hate speech on the Internet is common, and if left unchecked, the discriminatory consciousness of "I can write this far" and "I can't help being told this" will permeate society. Emphasized.   As a result, it becomes more difficult for victims to speak up, and more people live by hiding their roots. "There are citizens who live in fear and suffering. Discrimination is the same as bullying, it must be silent, and silence is the same as companionship. Discrimination is no good. I want you to make an ordinance. "  Technical intern trainees, Buraku discrimination, disabilities Report the actual situation of discrimination  Associate Professor Yasuko Iwashita of Hiroshima Bunkyo University, who published the "Technical Intern Training Program Case Files" from Hiroshima At the rally, network member groups and individuals reported cases of discrimination in Hiroshima. Associate Professor Yasuko Iwashita of Hiroshima Bunkyo University, who has written a book "Technical Intern Trainee Case Files from Hiroshima" (Bungeisha) and supports foreign technical intern trainees, said, "The trainees support our lives. , An invisible existence. Let's start by knowing the actual situation. "  Toshiharu Sasakawa, director of "Kyosei Forum Hiroshima", wrote on the internet "Yahoo! Chiebukuro" that "the eyeballs of cows are rolling near XX junior high school", etc. And asked for countermeasures.  Koji Fujioka, the representative of the disability life support community "together Hiroshima", said, "Even if the Disability Discrimination Elimination Law is enacted, there is a lot of discrimination. I want to create an ordinance and spread it to the citizens."  "All discrimination has the same structure"  The reporter later interviewed Fujioka and asked about this "many" discrimination. Fujioka, who lives in an electric wheelchair because of cerebral palsy, also has a speech disorder. "There are many things," he said slowly.  Koji Fujioka, representative of "toge the Hiroshima" who responds to the interview According to Mr. Fujioka, he is nervous when he gets on the JR train. "If the transfer time is less than 20 minutes, the station staff will not sell the ticket. Sometimes I was asked to return to the original station because the elevator at the transfer station broke down." At a movie theater in the neighborhood, there was a wheelchair-only seat in the front row, "I couldn't see it because my neck hurt, and I was warned that I would move to another place." He heard various cases of discrimination at the meeting the other day and felt that "all discriminations have the same structure."  Because Hiroshima aims to eliminate nuclear weapons  Ms. Iko Choi who participated in the rally from Kawasaki City Ms. Iko Choi, a third-generation Korean living in Japan, who is fighting against discrimination in Kawasaki City also participated in the rally. Choi mentioned that the Korean school girls did not go to school in the national costume Chima Jeogori uniform, saying, "Every morning, children are staring at themselves that they cannot go to school wearing Jeogori. It's a self-defense that you might be killed. Parents and teachers are staring at the reality every day. " He argued that there was an urgent need to enact ordinances to make the city free of discrimination because discrimination is real.  The rally ended with the adoption of an appeal statement stating, "Hiroshima City, which aims for permanent peace and the abolition of nuclear weapons, must promote community development without violence, discrimination, and oppression."  Network "The time is ripe", City council "No momentum"  Network-created leaflet The question is whether the ordinance is feasible. Even if there is a legislative fact in Hiroshima and a network is formed and the citizens are excited, if it is actually to make an ordinance, it is the city and the city council that move.  Komeito's city council, Yoshio Usui, who was attending the rally, said, "At this point, there is no momentum for enacting the ordinance." However, regarding the future outlook, "There are issues of discrimination against gender, LGBT, and people with disabilities, so it is important for the city to show its stance in order to create a comfortable Hiroshima city. I hope we can increase the number of supporters and take some form." Told.   The network is also working to reach out to the city and parliament. On the 14th after the rally, four of the co-representatives went around the city's department in charge and all eight parliamentary groups of the city council with an appeal statement, reported the formation and asked for future cooperation.   A press conference held after that. Keiko Doi, co-representative, said, "The Hate Speech Elimination Law, the Disability Discrimination Elimination Law, and the Village Discrimination Elimination Promotion Law have been enacted, and the society has become a society where discrimination against women and discrimination based on sexual orientation is also focused. I want to raise the interest of the citizens in order to create an ordinance suitable for Hiroshima, which is a cultural city. "

Why is the Hiroshima City Anti-Discrimination Ordinance Now Necessary?

Enactment movement begins with the formation of a citizen network

In December 2021, 78 people and 31 civic groups formed the "Network for the Enactment of the" Hiroshima City Ordinance for Respecting Human Rights without Discrimination "" in an attempt to create an ordinance prohibiting discrimination and harassment in Hiroshima City. A coalition of civic groups gathered for anti-discrimination. The name of the ordinance is the same as the Kawasaki City Ordinance, which set criminal penalties for hate speech for the first time. Why does Hiroshima need a non-discrimination ordinance now? We asked many people who participated about the reasons and significance. (Kyodo News Hate Problem Coverage Group)

Discrimination demonstration in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome

"Because Hiroshima appeals to the world for peace, anti-discrimination ordinances are necessary." On November 16, 2009, before the formation of the network, representatives of citizen groups scheduled to participate held a press conference at Hiroshima City Hall and explained the purpose of the formation. The Hate Speech Elimination Act and the Village Discrimination Elimination Promotion Act require local governments to take measures, but complained that "Hiroshima City has not fulfilled that obligation."

Citizen group representatives holding a press conference before the formation of the network

Etsuko Nakatani, director of Hiroshima YWCA, who is scheduled to take office as one of the co-representatives, said, "Several years ago, on the morning of the Peace Memorial Ceremony on August 6, there was a demonstration in front of the Atomic Bomb Dome that screamed for the exclusion of foreigners." He emphasized that there are facts (cases that form the basis of legislation).

This demonstration is known by the citizen group "CRAC Setouchi" (Crack Setouchi), which monitors and protests discrimination. It is said that a group giving hate speech comes to Hiroshima every year on August 6th to perform demonstration activities.

On August 6, 2011, near the Atomic Bomb Dome, "We will dismantle the anti-Japanese left-wing principal, the Atomic Bomb Dome," "We will create a future without North Korea rather than a future without nuclear weapons." There is a record that he shouted, "Get out of Japan." If it is a fact, it is not only discrimination, but also a statement that discourages the A-bomb survivors. This group also declared the city on August 6, 2009 in the center of Hiroshima city.

It is easy to think that there is no discrimination against A-bomb survivors, but the reality is different. There is still serious discrimination on the Internet, such as writing the professional baseball Hiroshima Carp as "keloid team".

At the press conference, Chairman Lee Zhou Ho of the NPO "Kyosei Forum Hiroshima", who is also scheduled to be appointed as co-representative, placed an order with the media. In 20 years, NHK Hiroshima Broadcasting Station pointed out in a Twitter post that was used to report the damage caused by the atomic bomb, "promoting discrimination against Koreans living in Japan." "There are words and deeds that incite hatred on the net and on the streets, and it divides society. It is necessary to give top priority to victim relief and to have an ordinance that hate speech is a violation."

"There are citizens who live in fear and pain"

About 150 people participated in the formation commemorative rally held by the network on December 4, 2009 in a hall in Hiroshima city. Citizen groups, scholars and lawyers who have worked on human rights issues such as foreigners, persons with disabilities, gender and Buraku discrimination gathered.

Yasuko Morooka, a lawyer who appeals for the necessity of enacting ordinances

The keynote speaker was Yasuko Morooka (Tokyo Bar Association), who is familiar with discrimination issues. At the beginning, a video of the hate demo and hate town announcement that had been in the past in Tokyo and Osaka was aired. Many participants frowned and closed their ears at the demonstration, which shouted "Kill, kill" to Koreans living in Japan at a loud volume.

Mr. Shikaoka pointed out that although the number of such demonstrations has decreased due to the hate speech elimination law enacted in 2016, the town proclamation that encourages the exclusion of foreigners is still repeated. In particular, hate speech on the Internet is common, and if left unchecked, the discriminatory consciousness of "I can write this far" and "I can't help being told this" will permeate society. Emphasized.

As a result, it becomes more difficult for victims to speak up, and more people live by hiding their roots. "There are citizens who live in fear and suffering. Discrimination is the same as bullying, it must be silent, and silence is the same as companionship. Discrimination is no good. I want you to make an ordinance. "

Technical intern trainees, Buraku discrimination, disabilities Report the actual situation of discrimination

Associate Professor Yasuko Iwashita of Hiroshima Bunkyo University, who published the "Technical Intern Training Program Case Files" from Hiroshima

At the rally, network member groups and individuals reported cases of discrimination in Hiroshima. Associate Professor Yasuko Iwashita of Hiroshima Bunkyo University, who has written a book "Technical Intern Trainee Case Files from Hiroshima" (Bungeisha) and supports foreign technical intern trainees, said, "The trainees support our lives. , An invisible existence. Let's start by knowing the actual situation. "

Toshiharu Sasakawa, director of "Kyosei Forum Hiroshima", wrote on the internet "Yahoo! Chiebukuro" that "the eyeballs of cows are rolling near XX junior high school", etc. And asked for countermeasures.

Koji Fujioka, the representative of the disability life support community "together Hiroshima", said, "Even if the Disability Discrimination Elimination Law is enacted, there is a lot of discrimination. I want to create an ordinance and spread it to the citizens."

"All discrimination has the same structure"

The reporter later interviewed Fujioka and asked about this "many" discrimination. Fujioka, who lives in an electric wheelchair because of cerebral palsy, also has a speech disorder. "There are many things," he said slowly.

Koji Fujioka, representative of "toge the Hiroshima" who responds to the interview

According to Mr. Fujioka, he is nervous when he gets on the JR train. "If the transfer time is less than 20 minutes, the station staff will not sell the ticket. Sometimes I was asked to return to the original station because the elevator at the transfer station broke down." At a movie theater in the neighborhood, there was a wheelchair-only seat in the front row, "I couldn't see it because my neck hurt, and I was warned that I would move to another place." He heard various cases of discrimination at the meeting the other day and felt that "all discriminations have the same structure."

Because Hiroshima aims to eliminate nuclear weapons

Ms. Iko Choi who participated in the rally from Kawasaki City

Ms. Iko Choi, a third-generation Korean living in Japan, who is fighting against discrimination in Kawasaki City also participated in the rally. Choi mentioned that the Korean school girls did not go to school in the national costume Chima Jeogori uniform, saying, "Every morning, children are staring at themselves that they cannot go to school wearing Jeogori. It's a self-defense that you might be killed. Parents and teachers are staring at the reality every day. " He argued that there was an urgent need to enact ordinances to make the city free of discrimination because discrimination is real.

The rally ended with the adoption of an appeal statement stating, "Hiroshima City, which aims for permanent peace and the abolition of nuclear weapons, must promote community development without violence, discrimination, and oppression."

Network "The time is ripe", City council "No momentum"

Network-created leaflet

The question is whether the ordinance is feasible. Even if there is a legislative fact in Hiroshima and a network is formed and the citizens are excited, if it is actually to make an ordinance, it is the city and the city council that move.

Komeito's city council, Yoshio Usui, who was attending the rally, said, "At this point, there is no momentum for enacting the ordinance." However, regarding the future outlook, "There are issues of discrimination against gender, LGBT, and people with disabilities, so it is important for the city to show its stance in order to create a comfortable Hiroshima city. I hope we can increase the number of supporters and take some form." Told.

The network is also working to reach out to the city and parliament. On the 14th after the rally, four of the co-representatives went around the city's department in charge and all eight parliamentary groups of the city council with an appeal statement, reported the formation and asked for future cooperation. 

A press conference held after that. Keiko Doi, co-representative, said, "The Hate Speech Elimination Law, the Disability Discrimination Elimination Law, and the Village Discrimination Elimination Promotion Law have been enacted, and the society has become a society where discrimination against women and discrimination based on sexual orientation is also focused. I want to raise the interest of the citizens in order to create an ordinance suitable for Hiroshima, which is a cultural city. "

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