Zhengzhou Flood Official Investigation Report Released What Problems Have Goed Out of China's Emergency Response Mechanism?

Zhengzhou Flood Official Investigation Report Released What Problems Have Goed Out of China's Emergency Response Mechanism?  Six months after the catastrophic flooding in Zhengzhou, Henan, the Chinese government released an investigation report on Friday that identified the incident as a "particularly major natural disaster" but suggested that there was also a "man-made disaster" that led to the dismissal of several Zhengzhou officials. What problems does the report reveal about China's emergency response mechanism? Radio Free Asia reporter Jia Ao invited Wang Weiluo, a water conservancy expert living in Germany, and Hu Ping, the honorary editor-in-chief of Beijing Spring, to analyze this.  Reporter: Dr. Wang Weiluo, the Chinese government released an investigation report on the "7.20" heavy rainstorm disaster in Zhengzhou, Henan Province on Friday, and determined that this was a serious urban waterlogging, river flooding, mountain torrent landslides and other disasters caused by extreme rainstorms. "Extraordinarily significant natural disasters" involving casualties and property damage. The report believes that the disaster is a "natural disaster" in general, and a "man-made disaster" in particular. What do you think of this conclusion?  Wang Weiluo: China's official investigation reports ultimately have a characteristic, that is, they put all the blame on nature, thinking that if it doesn't rain, there will be no water on the ground. But as long as you look carefully, you will find flaws. For example, the report only mentioned the flooding of one reservoir, pointing out that the flooding of the Guojiazui Reservoir was an illegal incident.  We know that this flood in Zhengzhou is directly related to the unwarranted release of water from more than a dozen reservoirs in the southwest. On July 20, the outside world mainly reported the unwarranted flood discharge of Changzhuang Reservoir, but this report did not mention Changzhuang Reservoir.  Hu Ping: This is indeed a natural disaster, but also a man-made disaster, and the latter is very obvious. Take the drowning of many passengers on Zhengzhou Metro Line 5 and the flooding of the Jingguang Road Tunnel, which many people know. Before that, Zhengzhou Meteorological Bureau issued five red rainstorm warnings in succession, and also put forward suggestions on disaster prevention and resistance. However, Xu Liyi, secretary of the Zhengzhou Municipal Party Committee, took these warnings and suggestions lightly, and did not initiate necessary measures in time, and required important traffic to not be interrupted. This caused such serious casualties. In other words, both disasters were completely avoidable, and they happened anyway.  Reporter: Mr. Hu Ping, the Standing Committee of the Henan Provincial Party Committee held a meeting after the release of the report and decided to remove Xu Liyi, Secretary of the Zhengzhou Municipal Party Committee. In addition, the mayor of Zhengzhou and several deputy mayors have also been demoted, dismissed or recorded major demerits. Provincial public security organs also arrested eight corporate employees suspected of committing crimes, while provincial discipline inspection organs held 89 public officials suspected of violating the law to account. What do you think of such preliminary processing results?  Hu Ping: There are indeed a lot of people who have been punished in this round, but we don't know exactly what responsibilities they have, especially since some of the grass-roots staff are completely ordered to act, so they shouldn't take too much responsibility. . As I said just now, in such a severe situation, Xu Liyi still emphasized not to interrupt the traffic. With such a word from him, you can imagine what the people below will do.  Reporter: Dr. Wang, after the flood, many people were concerned about the unwarranted flood discharge from a large reservoir in Zhengzhou, which aggravated the downstream disaster, but this report did not analyze the matter. What is the main reason behind this?  Wang Weiluo: It should be said that every province and every city in China has its own flood control and early warning plan, and the division of labor is also very clear. At the most critical moment, they don't know what to do, and disasters often happen in places people can't predict.  Reporter: Mr. Hu Ping, the report mentioned that there is a widespread problem of concealment of the number of people killed or missing due to disasters at the city, county, and township levels in Zhengzhou, and this seems to have become a common practice in major disasters and accidents in China. What do you think are the institutional reasons for this situation?  Hu Ping: This is mainly because of the lack of supervision mechanism. It is easy to understand that the parties have a motive for concealing the report. Then the relevant departments should certainly take this into account when setting up these mechanisms. If they expect the parties to report consciously and truthfully in everything, then this will definitely fail.  The reason why this phenomenon occurs repeatedly is first and foremost because of the lack of freedom of speech in China, especially at these critical times, when the authorities have very tight control over the media. Therefore, even if you clearly see a different situation, it is difficult for you to question it.  Reporter: Dr. Wang, the report also discussed specific incidents such as the Zhengzhou subway drowning incident, reservoir flooding, and mountain torrent disasters, and pointed out that many projects have major engineering hidden dangers. In your opinion, how should the authorities more effectively prevent the "tofu dregs project"?  Wang Weiluo: Actually, from a procedural point of view, the issue of project quality is very simple. If a project passes the acceptance, then the acceptance person should take full responsibility. If you go to the designer, the reason why many projects in China have quality problems but cannot find the responsible person is precisely because there are too many responsible persons. For example, there were more than 400 experts participating in the demonstration of the Three Gorges Project. If they all signed and assumed the responsibility, in the end, if something went wrong, would you go to these more than 400 experts?

Zhengzhou Flood Official Investigation Report Released What Problems Have Goed Out of China's Emergency Response Mechanism?


Six months after the catastrophic flooding in Zhengzhou, Henan, the Chinese government released an investigation report on Friday that identified the incident as a "particularly major natural disaster" but suggested that there was also a "man-made disaster" that led to the dismissal of several Zhengzhou officials. What problems does the report reveal about China's emergency response mechanism? Radio Free Asia reporter Jia Ao invited Wang Weiluo, a water conservancy expert living in Germany, and Hu Ping, the honorary editor-in-chief of Beijing Spring, to analyze this.

Reporter: Dr. Wang Weiluo, the Chinese government released an investigation report on the "7.20" heavy rainstorm disaster in Zhengzhou, Henan Province on Friday, and determined that this was a serious urban waterlogging, river flooding, mountain torrent landslides and other disasters caused by extreme rainstorms. "Extraordinarily significant natural disasters" involving casualties and property damage. The report believes that the disaster is a "natural disaster" in general, and a "man-made disaster" in particular. What do you think of this conclusion?

Wang Weiluo: China's official investigation reports ultimately have a characteristic, that is, they put all the blame on nature, thinking that if it doesn't rain, there will be no water on the ground. But as long as you look carefully, you will find flaws. For example, the report only mentioned the flooding of one reservoir, pointing out that the flooding of the Guojiazui Reservoir was an illegal incident.

We know that this flood in Zhengzhou is directly related to the unwarranted release of water from more than a dozen reservoirs in the southwest. On July 20, the outside world mainly reported the unwarranted flood discharge of Changzhuang Reservoir, but this report did not mention Changzhuang Reservoir.

Hu Ping: This is indeed a natural disaster, but also a man-made disaster, and the latter is very obvious. Take the drowning of many passengers on Zhengzhou Metro Line 5 and the flooding of the Jingguang Road Tunnel, which many people know. Before that, Zhengzhou Meteorological Bureau issued five red rainstorm warnings in succession, and also put forward suggestions on disaster prevention and resistance. However, Xu Liyi, secretary of the Zhengzhou Municipal Party Committee, took these warnings and suggestions lightly, and did not initiate necessary measures in time, and required important traffic to not be interrupted. This caused such serious casualties. In other words, both disasters were completely avoidable, and they happened anyway.

Reporter: Mr. Hu Ping, the Standing Committee of the Henan Provincial Party Committee held a meeting after the release of the report and decided to remove Xu Liyi, Secretary of the Zhengzhou Municipal Party Committee. In addition, the mayor of Zhengzhou and several deputy mayors have also been demoted, dismissed or recorded major demerits. Provincial public security organs also arrested eight corporate employees suspected of committing crimes, while provincial discipline inspection organs held 89 public officials suspected of violating the law to account. What do you think of such preliminary processing results?

Hu Ping: There are indeed a lot of people who have been punished in this round, but we don't know exactly what responsibilities they have, especially since some of the grass-roots staff are completely ordered to act, so they shouldn't take too much responsibility. . As I said just now, in such a severe situation, Xu Liyi still emphasized not to interrupt the traffic. With such a word from him, you can imagine what the people below will do.

Reporter: Dr. Wang, after the flood, many people were concerned about the unwarranted flood discharge from a large reservoir in Zhengzhou, which aggravated the downstream disaster, but this report did not analyze the matter. What is the main reason behind this?

Wang Weiluo: It should be said that every province and every city in China has its own flood control and early warning plan, and the division of labor is also very clear. At the most critical moment, they don't know what to do, and disasters often happen in places people can't predict.

Reporter: Mr. Hu Ping, the report mentioned that there is a widespread problem of concealment of the number of people killed or missing due to disasters at the city, county, and township levels in Zhengzhou, and this seems to have become a common practice in major disasters and accidents in China. What do you think are the institutional reasons for this situation?

Hu Ping: This is mainly because of the lack of supervision mechanism. It is easy to understand that the parties have a motive for concealing the report. Then the relevant departments should certainly take this into account when setting up these mechanisms. If they expect the parties to report consciously and truthfully in everything, then this will definitely fail.

The reason why this phenomenon occurs repeatedly is first and foremost because of the lack of freedom of speech in China, especially at these critical times, when the authorities have very tight control over the media. Therefore, even if you clearly see a different situation, it is difficult for you to question it.

Reporter: Dr. Wang, the report also discussed specific incidents such as the Zhengzhou subway drowning incident, reservoir flooding, and mountain torrent disasters, and pointed out that many projects have major engineering hidden dangers. In your opinion, how should the authorities more effectively prevent the "tofu dregs project"?

Wang Weiluo: Actually, from a procedural point of view, the issue of project quality is very simple. If a project passes the acceptance, then the acceptance person should take full responsibility. If you go to the designer, the reason why many projects in China have quality problems but cannot find the responsible person is precisely because there are too many responsible persons. For example, there were more than 400 experts participating in the demonstration of the Three Gorges Project. If they all signed and assumed the responsibility, in the end, if something went wrong, would you go to these more than 400 experts?

Prime Minister's directive to take steps for the betterment of the middle and economically weaker sections  As international prices fall, pressure on imported goods eases, says Imran Khan ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Imran Khan has congratulated Finance Minister Shaukat Tareen and his team on achieving Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 5.37% in three years. This created significant employment opportunities and increased per capita income. Talking to Shaukat Tareen , he said that international economic organizations like Bloomberg and The Economist have recognized the successful economic reforms and measures taken to save jobs and lives during the Pakistan Code.  The Prime Minister directed the Finance Minister to take steps for the economic recovery of the middle and economically weaker sections who are most affected by the import inflation . Have been discussing the increase which has badly affected inflation and trade deficit in Pakistan .  The Finance Minister apprised the Prime Minister that the prices of local food items have been declining since December, as indicated by the SPI. The Prime Minister expressed satisfaction over the overall tax collection, exports and remittances. Meanwhile, Federal Minister for Finance Shaukat Tareen said in a statement that Pakistan has come in the top three countries for the third time in a row in the Economist Normalcy Index. This achievement has not been achieved by any other country in the world .  In a statement released on social media, Finance Minister Shaukat Tareen said that this is reflected in the GDP growth of 5.37% in the financial year 2021. He added that this is the second highest growth rate in the last 14 years. Bloomberg acknowledges that Pakistan has entered a decade of sustainable development, saying that the next ten years will help reduce the income gap, increase employment and improve human development.

Prime Minister's directive to take steps for the betterment of the middle and economically weaker sections


As international prices fall, pressure on imported goods eases, says Imran Khan
ISLAMABAD: Prime Minister Imran Khan has congratulated Finance Minister Shaukat Tareen and his team on achieving Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of 5.37% in three years. This created significant employment opportunities and increased per capita income. Talking to Shaukat Tareen , he said that international economic organizations like Bloomberg and The Economist have recognized the successful economic reforms and measures taken to save jobs and lives during the Pakistan Code.

The Prime Minister directed the Finance Minister to take steps for the economic recovery of the middle and economically weaker sections who are most affected by the import inflation . Have been discussing the increase which has badly affected inflation and trade deficit in Pakistan .

The Finance Minister apprised the Prime Minister that the prices of local food items have been declining since December, as indicated by the SPI. The Prime Minister expressed satisfaction over the overall tax collection, exports and remittances. Meanwhile, Federal Minister for Finance Shaukat Tareen said in a statement that Pakistan has come in the top three countries for the third time in a row in the Economist Normalcy Index. This achievement has not been achieved by any other country in the world .

In a statement released on social media, Finance Minister Shaukat Tareen said that this is reflected in the GDP growth of 5.37% in the financial year 2021. He added that this is the second highest growth rate in the last 14 years. Bloomberg acknowledges that Pakistan has entered a decade of sustainable development, saying that the next ten years will help reduce the income gap, increase employment and improve human development.


Republic Day Celebrations: Full Dress Rehearsal Today, 75 Aircraft and 17 Jaguars Showcased Valor for the First Time at Rajpath  In view of the full dress rehearsal, Delhi Police has issued a traffic advisory. Police have advised people to avoid coming to India Gate-Rajpath. Many metro stations have also been closed for security reasons.  The 73rd Republic Day Celebrations will have a Full Dress Rehearsal at Rajpath today. During this, the military might of the country will be seen on the Rajpath on one side and on the other side the cultural glimpse of the country will also be seen. Apart from this, a glimpse of the completion of 50 years of victory in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 will also be seen on the Rajpath. Para commandos will also be seen stepping on the Rajpath in the new uniform of the army.  For the first time, 75 aircraft of the Air Force will show their strength on the Rajpath. Rafale will happen, making the size of 75, 17 Jaguars will fly over the Rajpath simultaneously. In view of the third wave of Corona, only 8 thousand people will be able to attend it. In view of the low visibility, this time the parade will start with a delay of half an hour at 10.30 am and will continue till 12.30 am.  The Indian Army said in a statement on Saturday that 16 infantry squads, 17 military bands and 25 tableaux from various states, departments and armed forces will participate in the Republic Day parade this year. The Army will be represented in the Republic Day Parade-2022 by a cavalry contingent, 14 mechanized contingents, six infantry contingents and a flypast of advanced light helicopters of the Aviation Wing, the statement said.  In view of the full dress rehearsal, Delhi Police has issued a traffic advisory. Police have advised people to avoid coming to India Gate-Rajpath. Many metro stations have also been closed for security reasons.

Republic Day Celebrations: Full Dress Rehearsal Today, 75 Aircraft and 17 Jaguars Showcased Valor for the First Time at Rajpath


In view of the full dress rehearsal, Delhi Police has issued a traffic advisory. Police have advised people to avoid coming to India Gate-Rajpath. Many metro stations have also been closed for security reasons.

The 73rd Republic Day Celebrations will have a Full Dress Rehearsal at Rajpath today. During this, the military might of the country will be seen on the Rajpath on one side and on the other side the cultural glimpse of the country will also be seen. Apart from this, a glimpse of the completion of 50 years of victory in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 will also be seen on the Rajpath. Para commandos will also be seen stepping on the Rajpath in the new uniform of the army.

For the first time, 75 aircraft of the Air Force will show their strength on the Rajpath. Rafale will happen, making the size of 75, 17 Jaguars will fly over the Rajpath simultaneously. In view of the third wave of Corona, only 8 thousand people will be able to attend it. In view of the low visibility, this time the parade will start with a delay of half an hour at 10.30 am and will continue till 12.30 am.

The Indian Army said in a statement on Saturday that 16 infantry squads, 17 military bands and 25 tableaux from various states, departments and armed forces will participate in the Republic Day parade this year. The Army will be represented in the Republic Day Parade-2022 by a cavalry contingent, 14 mechanized contingents, six infantry contingents and a flypast of advanced light helicopters of the Aviation Wing, the statement said.

In view of the full dress rehearsal, Delhi Police has issued a traffic advisory. Police have advised people to avoid coming to India Gate-Rajpath. Many metro stations have also been closed for security reasons.
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