About twice its electricity production Ethiopia will start generating power from the Renaissance Dam on Sunday

نحو ضعفي إنتاجها من الكهرباء.. إثيوبيا تبدأ الأحد توليد الطاقة من سد النهضة تبدأ إثيوبيا عملية توليد الطاقة من سد النهضة المثير للجدل على نهر النيل اعتباراً من الأحد، ويهدف المشروع البالغة تكلفته 4,2 مليار دولار (3,7 مليار يورو) لإنتاج أكثر من 5 آلاف ميغاواط من الكهرباء، أي أكثر بمرتين من إنتاج إثيوبيا من الكهرباء.  تبدأ إثيوبيا عملية توليد الطاقة من سد النهضة المثير للجدل على نهر النيل اعتباراً من الأحد، حسبما أعلن مسؤولون حكوميون لوكالة الصحافة الفرنسية.  والسد المتوقع أن يكون أكبر مشروع في إفريقيا لتوليد الكهرباء من المياه، في قلب خلاف إقليمي منذ أن أطلقت إثيوبيا المشروع في 2011.  وقال مسؤول في الحكومة الإثيوبية "غداً (الأحد) ستبدأ أول عملية توليد كهرباء من السد", وأكد مسؤول آخر هذه المعلومات.  وطلب المسؤولان عدم ذكر اسميهما في غياب أي إعلان رسمي بهذا الصدد من السلطات الإثيوبية.  وتتخوف دولتا المصب جارتا إثيوبيا، مصر والسودان، من تداعيات السد على أمنهما المائي، فيما تشدد أديس أبابا على أهميته لتوليد الكهرباء والتنمية.  ويهدف المشروع البالغة تكلفته 4,2 مليار دولار (3,7 مليار يورو) إلى إنتاج أكثر من 5 آلاف ميغاواط من الكهرباء، أي أكثر بمرتين من إنتاج إثيوبيا من الكهرباء.  وكانت إثيوبيا تخطط في الأساس لإنتاج نحو 6 آلاف و500 ميغاواط قبل أن تخفض هدفها.  وقال أديسو لاشيتيو من معهد "بروكينغز" في واشنطن إن "الكهرباء التي ستولد من السد يمكن أن تساعد على إحياء اقتصاد دمرته عوامل مجتمعة من حرب دامية وارتفاع أسعار الوقود وجائحة كوفيد".  يقع سد النهضة على النيل الأزرق على بعد نحو 30 كيلومتراً من الحدود مع السودان، ويبلغ طوله 1,8 كلم وارتفاعه 145 متراً.  ويلتقي النيل الأزرق الذي ينبع من إثيوبيا النيل الأبيض في الخرطوم ليشكلا معاً نهر النيل الذي يعبر السودان ومصر ويصبّ في البحر المتوسط.  لا اختراق في المحادثات  لم تتوصل محادثات أجريت برعاية الاتحاد الإفريقي لاتفاق ثلاثي حول ملء السد وتشغيله. وطالبت القاهرة والخرطوم بأن تتوقف أديس أبابا عن ملء خزان السد إلى حين التوصل لاتفاق.  غير أن المسؤولين الإثيوبيين يعتبرون ملء السد مرحلة طبيعية من عملية بناء السد ولا يمكن وقفها.  ناقش مجلس الأمن الأولي في يوليو/تموز الماضي المشروع، غير أن إثيوبيا التي طالما عارضت بحث قضية السد في مجلس الأمن، اعتبرت بيان المجلس خروجاً "غير مفيد" عن المسار بقيادة الاتحاد الإفريقي.  وتبنى مجلس الأمن في سبتمبر/أيلول بياناً يوصي مصر وإثيوبيا والسودان باستئناف المفاوضات برعاية الاتحاد الإفريقي.  وتتمسك مصر بـ"حق تاريخي" لها في مياه النيل تضمنه سلسلة اتفاقات مبرمة منذ عام 1929. حينها، حصلت مصر على حق الفيتو على بناء أية مشاريع على النهر.  وفي عام 1959، حصلت مصر بموجب اتفاق مع الخرطوم حول توزيع مياه النيل، على حصة بنسبة 66% من كمية التدفق السنوي للنيل، مقابل 22% للسودان.  غير أن إثيوبيا ليست طرفاً في تلك الاتفاقات ولا تعتبرها قانونية.  بدأت مرحلة ملء خزان السد الضخم في 2020 وأعلنت إثيوبيا في يوليو/تموز ذلك العام الوصول إلى هدف تعبئة 4,9 مليار متر مكعب.  وتبلغ السعة الإجمالية للخزان 74 مليار متر مكعب من المياه، وكان الهدف في 2021 إضافة 13,5 مليوناً.  في يوليو/تموز الماضي أعلنت إثيوبيا الوصول إلى ذلك الهدف ما يعني احتواءه على ما يكفي من المياه لبدء إنتاج الطاقة، علماً بأن بعض الخبراء شككوا في ذلك.      About twice its electricity production Ethiopia will start generating power from the Renaissance Dam on Sunday  Ethiopia will start the process of generating power from the controversial Renaissance Dam on the Nile River as of Sunday, and the project, which costs 4.2 billion dollars (3.7 billion euros), aims to produce more than 5,000 megawatts of electricity, more than twice the electricity production of Ethiopia.  Ethiopia will start the process of generating power from the controversial Renaissance Dam on the Nile River from Sunday, government officials announced to Agence France-Presse.  The dam, which is expected to be Africa's largest project to generate electricity from water, has been at the center of a regional dispute since Ethiopia launched the project in 2011.  An Ethiopian government official said, "Tomorrow (Sunday) the first operation of generating electricity from the dam will begin," and another official confirmed this information.  The two officials requested not to be named in the absence of any official announcement in this regard from the Ethiopian authorities.  The downstream countries, Ethiopia's neighbors, Egypt and Sudan, fear the dam's repercussions on their water security, while Addis Ababa stresses its importance for electricity generation and development.  The project, at a cost of 4.2 billion dollars (3.7 billion euros), aims to produce more than 5,000 megawatts of electricity, more than twice that of Ethiopia's electricity production.  Ethiopia was originally planning to produce about 6,500 megawatts before lowering its target.  "The electricity that will be generated from the dam can help revive an economy devastated by the combined factors of a bloody war, high fuel prices and the Covid pandemic," said Addisu Lashitio of the Brookings Institution in Washington.  The Renaissance Dam is located on the Blue Nile, about 30 km from the border with Sudan, and is 1.8 km long and 145 meters high.  The Blue Nile, which originates in Ethiopia, meets the White Nile in Khartoum to form the Nile River, which crosses Sudan and Egypt and flows into the Mediterranean.  No hacking in conversations Talks held under the auspices of the African Union did not reach a tripartite agreement on the filling and operation of the dam. Cairo and Khartoum demanded that Addis Ababa stop filling the dam's reservoir until an agreement is reached.  However, Ethiopian officials consider filling the dam a natural stage of the dam's construction process and it cannot be stopped. The Security Council initially discussed the project last July, but Ethiopia, which has long opposed the discussion of the dam issue in the Security Council, considered the council's statement a "unhelpful" deviation from the track led by the African Union.  In September, the Security Council adopted a statement recommending that Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan resume negotiations under the auspices of the African Union.  Egypt adheres to its "historic right" to the waters of the Nile, which is guaranteed by a series of agreements concluded since 1929. At that time, Egypt obtained the right of veto to build any projects on the river.  In 1959, under an agreement with Khartoum on the distribution of Nile waters, Egypt obtained a 66% share of the annual flow of the Nile, compared to 22% for Sudan.  However, Ethiopia is not a party to these agreements and does not consider them legal. The phase of filling the huge dam reservoir began in 2020, and Ethiopia announced in July of that year that it had reached the goal of filling 4.9 billion cubic meters.  The total capacity of the reservoir is 74 billion cubic meters of water, and the goal in 2021 was to add 13.5 million cubic meters. Last July, Ethiopia announced that it had reached that goal, which means it would have enough water to start producing energy, although some experts doubted that.

About twice its electricity production Ethiopia will start generating power from the Renaissance Dam on Sunday


Ethiopia will start the process of generating power from the controversial Renaissance Dam on the Nile River as of Sunday, and the project, which costs 4.2 billion dollars (3.7 billion euros), aims to produce more than 5,000 megawatts of electricity, more than twice the electricity production of Ethiopia.

Ethiopia will start the process of generating power from the controversial Renaissance Dam on the Nile River from Sunday, government officials announced to Agence France-Presse.

The dam, which is expected to be Africa's largest project to generate electricity from water, has been at the center of a regional dispute since Ethiopia launched the project in 2011.

An Ethiopian government official said, "Tomorrow (Sunday) the first operation of generating electricity from the dam will begin," and another official confirmed this information.

The two officials requested not to be named in the absence of any official announcement in this regard from the Ethiopian authorities.

The downstream countries, Ethiopia's neighbors, Egypt and Sudan, fear the dam's repercussions on their water security, while Addis Ababa stresses its importance for electricity generation and development.

The project, at a cost of 4.2 billion dollars (3.7 billion euros), aims to produce more than 5,000 megawatts of electricity, more than twice that of Ethiopia's electricity production.

Ethiopia was originally planning to produce about 6,500 megawatts before lowering its target.

"The electricity that will be generated from the dam can help revive an economy devastated by the combined factors of a bloody war, high fuel prices and the Covid pandemic," said Addisu Lashitio of the Brookings Institution in Washington.

The Renaissance Dam is located on the Blue Nile, about 30 km from the border with Sudan, and is 1.8 km long and 145 meters high.

The Blue Nile, which originates in Ethiopia, meets the White Nile in Khartoum to form the Nile River, which crosses Sudan and Egypt and flows into the Mediterranean.

No hacking in conversations
Talks held under the auspices of the African Union did not reach a tripartite agreement on the filling and operation of the dam. Cairo and Khartoum demanded that Addis Ababa stop filling the dam's reservoir until an agreement is reached.

However, Ethiopian officials consider filling the dam a natural stage of the dam's construction process and it cannot be stopped.
The Security Council initially discussed the project last July, but Ethiopia, which has long opposed the discussion of the dam issue in the Security Council, considered the council's statement a "unhelpful" deviation from the track led by the African Union.

In September, the Security Council adopted a statement recommending that Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan resume negotiations under the auspices of the African Union.

Egypt adheres to its "historic right" to the waters of the Nile, which is guaranteed by a series of agreements concluded since 1929. At that time, Egypt obtained the right of veto to build any projects on the river.

In 1959, under an agreement with Khartoum on the distribution of Nile waters, Egypt obtained a 66% share of the annual flow of the Nile, compared to 22% for Sudan.

However, Ethiopia is not a party to these agreements and does not consider them legal.
The phase of filling the huge dam reservoir began in 2020, and Ethiopia announced in July of that year that it had reached the goal of filling 4.9 billion cubic meters.

The total capacity of the reservoir is 74 billion cubic meters of water, and the goal in 2021 was to add 13.5 million cubic meters.
Last July, Ethiopia announced that it had reached that goal, which means it would have enough water to start producing energy, although some experts doubted that.

Afrique du Sud : une nouvelle flambée xénophobe  Nhlanhla Lux Dlamin, leader du mouvement anti-étrangers appelé "Opération Dudula" lance des slogans xénophobes lors d'un rassemblement à Johannesburg, le 19 février 2022.  Ils ont débarqué à plusieurs centaines, en colère, depuis trop longtemps sans argent, sans travail. Attribuant les maux du pays rongé par un chômage endémique aux "étrangers", ces Sud-Africains ordinaires déterminés à faire justice eux-mêmes sont venus armés dans ce centre pour réfugiés de Soweto.  Le message était clair: "Etrangers, rentrez chez vous". Sithulisiwe Chinora, une Zimbabwéenne de 22 ans, raconte à l'AFP la peur, son corps pris par un terrible tremblement, son bébé accroché dans le dos. "J'ai pensé que c'était le jour où j'allais mourir", dit-elle.  L'Afrique du Sud est épisodiquement en proie à des flambées xénophobes. Soixante-deux personnes ont été tuées dans des émeutes en 2008. De violents heurts ont éclaté en 2015, 2016 et encore en 2019.  Depuis janvier, un mouvement baptisé "Opération Dudula", qui signifie "refouler" en zoulou, monte en puissance. De quelques centaines de manifestants encore le week-end dernier, le mouvement est passé à 2.000 samedi à Johannesburg, a constaté une journaliste de l'AFP.  Dans le centre communautaire méthodiste de Soweto, qui abrite une centaine de familles de migrants, la rumeur d'un raid courait depuis quelques jours. Un dimanche de février, les résidents ont vu arriver une foule armée et munie de "sjambok", redoutables fouets traditionnels zoulous en peau d'animal, hurlant "les étrangers volent les emplois des Sud-Africains".  Les grilles n'ont pas été fermées à temps et le risque d'un jet de cocktail Molotov a semé la panique parmi ceux réfugiés dans les chambres. Certains se sont mis à pleurer de façon incontrôlée, d'autres ont été pris de diarrhées.  Le père Paul Verryn, qui a créé le centre, l'affirme sans détour: "Ce sont des militants xénophobes qui visent clairement les étrangers".  "Sud-Africains en Afrique du Sud" A Hillbrow, un quartier déshérité de Johannesburg qui compte une importante population de migrants, 2.000 Sud-Africains munis de drapeaux nationaux et de bâtons ont crié samedi sous les fenêtres d'immeubles aux fenêtres trouées, leur "ras-le-bol des étrangers".  "Nous voulons reprendre notre pays, notre espace est occupé par les étrangers", a lancé Bhekani Thusi, 38 ans. Pour lui, les migrants sont responsables du trafic de drogues, des gamins à la rue et de tout ce qui va de travers dans le pays.  La proximité de l'"Opération Duduala", qui se dit pacifiste, avec des mouvements politiques est floue. Les manifestations rassemblent indistinctement membres d'une organisation active lors des émeutes xénophobes baptisée "L'Afrique du Sud d'abord", et vétérans de la branche armée de l'ANC appelée Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK, "le fer de lance de la Nation"), qui a récemment pris ses distances avec le parti historique au pouvoir depuis son démantèlement.  Le leader, Nhlanhla Lux Dlamini, un militant d'une trentaine d'années originaire de Soweto, invariablement vêtu d'un treillis militaire et gilet pare-balles lors de ses apparitions publiques, a expliqué vouloir "défendre l'avenir des Sud-Africains". Notamment en se rendant dans les magasins pour exiger que les employés étrangers soient licenciés.  "C'est la loi: tout travail ne requérant pas de compétence particulière appartient aux Sud-Africains en Afrique du Sud", rappelle-t-il à qui veut l'entendre.  Le pays compte 3,95 millions d'étrangers, selon les statistiques officielles, sur une population de près de 60 millions. La première puissance industrielle du continent lutte avec 35% de chômage mais attire de nombreux migrants africains.  "Même s'ils expulsaient tous les immigrés, ça ne changerait pas le niveau de criminalité, ni celui du chômage", raisonne Jay Naidoo, premier secrétaire général de la principale centrale syndicale (Cosatu).  Jusqu'à présent, les manifestations ont engendré des tensions mais pas de violences. Les militants prennent soin de ne pas franchir la ligne rouge: "le droit de manifester est inscrit dans la constitution, et pour l'instant, rien ne relève du pénal", a expliqué une source policière à l'AFP.  Le président sud-africain Cyril Ramaphosa a mis en garde cette semaine contre des "rassemblements essayant de fomenter des sentiments et attitudes négatives" à l'égard des étrangers, assurant que les services de sécurité sont à l'œuvre.  Et le gouvernement a annoncé au début du mois plancher sur une loi instaurant des quotas d'employés étrangers dans les entreprises sud-africaines.    South Africa: a new xenophobic outbreak  They landed in hundreds, angry, for too long without money, without work. Attributing the ills of the country plagued by endemic unemployment to "foreigners", these ordinary South Africans determined to do justice themselves came armed to this center for refugees in Soweto.  The message was clear: "Foreigners, go home". Sithulisiwe Chinora, a 22-year-old Zimbabwean, tells AFP of the fear, her body seized by a terrible tremor, her baby hanging on her back. "I thought that was the day I was going to die," she says.  South Africa is occasionally plagued by xenophobic outbreaks. Sixty-two people were killed in riots in 2008. Violent clashes erupted in 2015, 2016 and again in 2019.  Since January, a movement called "Operation Dudula", which means "repressing" in Zulu, has been gaining momentum. From a few hundred demonstrators again last weekend, the movement rose to 2,000 on Saturday in Johannesburg, noted an AFP journalist.  In the Methodist community center in Soweto, which is home to around 100 migrant families, rumors of a raid had been circulating for a few days. On a Sunday in February, residents saw an armed mob arrive with "sjambok", fearsome traditional Zulu whips made of animal skin, shouting "foreigners are stealing jobs from South Africans".  The gates were not closed in time and the risk of a Molotov cocktail being thrown caused panic among those sheltering in the rooms. Some started crying uncontrollably, others had diarrhea.  Father Paul Verryn, who created the center, affirms it bluntly: "They are xenophobic militants who clearly target foreigners".  "South Africans in South Africa" In Hillbrow, a deprived area of ​​Johannesburg which has a large population of migrants, 2,000 South Africans carrying national flags and sticks shouted Saturday under the windows of buildings with holed windows, their "fed up with foreigners" .  "We want to take back our country, our space is occupied by foreigners," said Bhekani Thusi, 38. For him, migrants are responsible for drug trafficking, street kids and everything that goes wrong in the country.  The proximity of "Operation Duduala", which claims to be pacifist, with political movements is unclear. The demonstrations indiscriminately bring together members of an organization active during the xenophobic riots called "South Africa first", and veterans of the armed wing of the ANC called Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK, "the spearhead of the Nation"), which recently distanced itself from the historical party in power since its dismantling.  The leader, Nhlanhla Lux Dlamini, an activist in his thirties from Soweto, invariably dressed in military fatigues and bulletproof vest during his public appearances, explained that he wanted to "defend the future of South Africans ". Including going to stores to demand that foreign employees be fired.  "It's the law: all work that does not require special skills belongs to South Africans in South Africa," he reminds anyone who will listen.  The country has 3.95 million foreigners, according to official statistics, out of a population of nearly 60 million. The continent's leading industrial power struggles with 35% unemployment but attracts many African migrants.  "Even if they expelled all the immigrants, it wouldn't change the level of crime, nor that of unemployment", reasons Jay Naidoo, first secretary general of the main trade union center (Cosatu).  So far, the protests have generated tension but not violence. The activists are careful not to cross the red line: "the right to demonstrate is enshrined in the constitution, and for the moment, nothing is criminal", explained a police source to AFP.  South African President Cyril Ramaphosa warned this week against "gatherings trying to foment negative feelings and attitudes" towards foreigners, assuring that the security services are at work.  And the government announced at the beginning of the month work on a law establishing quotas for foreign employees in South African companies.

South Africa: a new xenophobic outbreak


They landed in hundreds, angry, for too long without money, without work. Attributing the ills of the country plagued by endemic unemployment to "foreigners", these ordinary South Africans determined to do justice themselves came armed to this center for refugees in Soweto.

The message was clear: "Foreigners, go home". Sithulisiwe Chinora, a 22-year-old Zimbabwean, tells AFP of the fear, her body seized by a terrible tremor, her baby hanging on her back. "I thought that was the day I was going to die," she says.

South Africa is occasionally plagued by xenophobic outbreaks. Sixty-two people were killed in riots in 2008. Violent clashes erupted in 2015, 2016 and again in 2019.

Since January, a movement called "Operation Dudula", which means "repressing" in Zulu, has been gaining momentum. From a few hundred demonstrators again last weekend, the movement rose to 2,000 on Saturday in Johannesburg, noted an AFP journalist.

In the Methodist community center in Soweto, which is home to around 100 migrant families, rumors of a raid had been circulating for a few days. On a Sunday in February, residents saw an armed mob arrive with "sjambok", fearsome traditional Zulu whips made of animal skin, shouting "foreigners are stealing jobs from South Africans".

The gates were not closed in time and the risk of a Molotov cocktail being thrown caused panic among those sheltering in the rooms. Some started crying uncontrollably, others had diarrhea.

Father Paul Verryn, who created the center, affirms it bluntly: "They are xenophobic militants who clearly target foreigners".

"South Africans in South Africa"
In Hillbrow, a deprived area of ​​Johannesburg which has a large population of migrants, 2,000 South Africans carrying national flags and sticks shouted Saturday under the windows of buildings with holed windows, their "fed up with foreigners" .

"We want to take back our country, our space is occupied by foreigners," said Bhekani Thusi, 38. For him, migrants are responsible for drug trafficking, street kids and everything that goes wrong in the country.

The proximity of "Operation Duduala", which claims to be pacifist, with political movements is unclear. The demonstrations indiscriminately bring together members of an organization active during the xenophobic riots called "South Africa first", and veterans of the armed wing of the ANC called Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK, "the spearhead of the Nation"), which recently distanced itself from the historical party in power since its dismantling.

The leader, Nhlanhla Lux Dlamini, an activist in his thirties from Soweto, invariably dressed in military fatigues and bulletproof vest during his public appearances, explained that he wanted to "defend the future of South Africans ". Including going to stores to demand that foreign employees be fired.

"It's the law: all work that does not require special skills belongs to South Africans in South Africa," he reminds anyone who will listen.

The country has 3.95 million foreigners, according to official statistics, out of a population of nearly 60 million. The continent's leading industrial power struggles with 35% unemployment but attracts many African migrants.

"Even if they expelled all the immigrants, it wouldn't change the level of crime, nor that of unemployment", reasons Jay Naidoo, first secretary general of the main trade union center (Cosatu).

So far, the protests have generated tension but not violence. The activists are careful not to cross the red line: "the right to demonstrate is enshrined in the constitution, and for the moment, nothing is criminal", explained a police source to AFP.


Sommet UE-UA : vers une coopération plus étroite ?  Le sommet de Bruxelles entre l'Union européenne et l'Union Africaine et l'accord sur la vente d'électricité entre l'Éthiopie et le Kenya sont au sommaire de ce nouveau numéro de Business Africa. A retrouver également les interviews de San Bilal, expert UE-Afrique au Centre européen de gestion des politiques de développement et de l'économiste Hannah Ryder, directrice générale de Development Reimagined.  Les précédents sommets UE-Afrique ont donné lieu à de nombreux plans d'action et déclarations stratégiques. Vingt-deux ans se sont écoulés depuis le premier sommet du Caire, mais les liens bilatéraux ont peu évolué.  Lors du sommet qui vient de s'achever à Bruxelles, l'UE a annoncé plusieurs mesures de soutien en faveur de la santé, de la reprise après une pandémie, de l'éducation et de la stabilité, mais l'optimisme prudent des dirigeants africains était palpable.  L'UE n'a pas tenu de nombreuses promesses du passé et certains des engagements financiers annoncés lors du sommet ont été critiqués comme étant de simples initiatives reconditionnées. Aucun accord n'a été conclu sur le financement des combustibles fossiles ou des migrations. Néanmoins, les deux parties ont tenu à souligner que ce sommet était différent.  Le commerce entre l'UE et l'Afrique présente un énorme déséquilibre et le sous-développement économique de l'Afrique persiste. Une nouvelle ère dans les relations entre l'UE et l'Afrique se profile-t-elle à l'horizon ? San Bilal est un expert UE-Afrique au Centre européen de gestion des politiques de développement. Il nous explique pourquoi l'UE souhaite s'engager mieux et différemment avec l'Afrique.  La Chine, concurrent et partenaire Lorsque l'UE ne répondait pas ou était lente à répondre, l'Afrique, avide de financement du développement et d'infrastructures, courtisait d'autres partenaires, notamment la Chine.  Au cours des deux dernières décennies, Pékin est devenu le premier prêteur bilatéral de l'Afrique, un investisseur majeur et un bailleur de fonds pour les infrastructures. Bruxelles cherche désespérément à regagner le terrain perdu.  Hannah Ryder est économiste et directrice générale de Development Reimagined. Elle nous explique pourquoi l'Union européenne a les yeux rivés sur la Chine alors qu'elle cherche à améliorer ses relations avec les pays africains.  L'Éthiopie et le Kenya concluent un accord d'exportation d'électricité Avec la mise en service du Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), Addis-Abeba va produire un excédent d'électricité. Un accord a été conclu pour exporter quelque 400 MW par an vers Nairobi.  Le pays cherche à produire 700 MW à partir du barrage situé sur le Nil dans le cadre d'une phase pilote. La mise en service du GERD portera la capacité électrique de l'Éthiopie à plus de 5 500 MW. La Banque mondiale et la Banque africaine de développement ont engagé des fonds pour construire la ligne de transmission, longue de plus de 1 000 km.    EU-AU Summit: towards closer cooperation?  The Brussels summit between the European Union and the African Union and the agreement on the sale of electricity between Ethiopia and Kenya are the contents of this new issue of Business Africa. Also find interviews with San Bilal, EU-Africa expert at the European Center for Development Policy Management and economist Hannah Ryder, Managing Director of Development Reimagined.  Previous EU-Africa summits have resulted in numerous action plans and strategic statements. Twenty-two years have passed since the first summit in Cairo, but bilateral ties have changed little.  At the just-concluded summit in Brussels, the EU announced several support measures for health, pandemic recovery, education and stability , but leaders' cautious optimism Africans was palpable.  The EU has failed to deliver on many past promises and some of the financial commitments announced at the summit have been criticized as merely repackaging initiatives. No agreement was reached on funding fossil fuels or migration. Nevertheless, both parties were keen to stress that this summit was different.  Trade between the EU and Africa shows a huge imbalance and Africa's economic underdevelopment persists. Is a new era in EU-Africa relations on the horizon? San Bilal is an EU-Africa expert at the European Center for Development Policy Management . He explains to us why the EU wants to engage better and differently with Africa.  China, competitor and partner When the EU did not respond or was slow to respond, Africa, hungry for development finance and infrastructure, courted other partners, notably China.  Over the past two decades, Beijing has become Africa's largest bilateral lender, a major investor and infrastructure financier. Brussels is desperate to regain lost ground.  Hannah Ryder is an economist and managing director of Development Reimagined . She tells us why the European Union has its eyes on China as it seeks to improve its relations with African countries.  Ethiopia and Kenya reach power export deal With the commissioning of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) , Addis Ababa will produce a surplus of electricity. An agreement has been reached to export some 400 MW per year to Nairobi.  The country is seeking to produce 700 MW from the dam on the Nile as part of a pilot phase. The commissioning of the GERD will increase Ethiopia's power capacity to over 5,500 MW. The World Bank and the African Development Bank have committed funds to construct the transmission line, which is more than 1,000 km long.

EU-AU Summit: towards closer cooperation?


The Brussels summit between the European Union and the African Union and the agreement on the sale of electricity between Ethiopia and Kenya are the contents of this new issue of Business Africa. Also find interviews with San Bilal, EU-Africa expert at the European Center for Development Policy Management and economist Hannah Ryder, Managing Director of Development Reimagined.

Previous EU-Africa summits have resulted in numerous action plans and strategic statements. Twenty-two years have passed since the first summit in Cairo, but bilateral ties have changed little.

At the just-concluded summit in Brussels, the EU announced several support measures for health, pandemic recovery, education and stability , but leaders' cautious optimism Africans was palpable.

The EU has failed to deliver on many past promises and some of the financial commitments announced at the summit have been criticized as merely repackaging initiatives. No agreement was reached on funding fossil fuels or migration. Nevertheless, both parties were keen to stress that this summit was different.

Trade between the EU and Africa shows a huge imbalance and Africa's economic underdevelopment persists. Is a new era in EU-Africa relations on the horizon? San Bilal is an EU-Africa expert at the European Center for Development Policy Management . He explains to us why the EU wants to engage better and differently with Africa.

China, competitor and partner
When the EU did not respond or was slow to respond, Africa, hungry for development finance and infrastructure, courted other partners, notably China.

Over the past two decades, Beijing has become Africa's largest bilateral lender, a major investor and infrastructure financier. Brussels is desperate to regain lost ground.

Hannah Ryder is an economist and managing director of Development Reimagined . She tells us why the European Union has its eyes on China as it seeks to improve its relations with African countries.

Ethiopia and Kenya reach power export deal
With the commissioning of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) , Addis Ababa will produce a surplus of electricity. An agreement has been reached to export some 400 MW per year to Nairobi.

The country is seeking to produce 700 MW from the dam on the Nile as part of a pilot phase. The commissioning of the GERD will increase Ethiopia's power capacity to over 5,500 MW. The World Bank and the African Development Bank have committed funds to construct the transmission line, which is more than 1,000 km long.
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