The second trial of the ICJ in Rohingya begins today

ရိုဟင်ဂျာအမှု ICJ တရားရုံး ဒုတိယအကြိမ်ကြားနာမှု ဒီနေ့စတင်မည်  ရိုဟင်ဂျာမွတ်စလင်တွေကို လူမျိုးတုံးသတ်ဖြတ်မှုနဲ့ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံကို တရားစွဲဆိုထားတဲ့အမှု ကုလသမဂ္ဂရဲ့ အမြင့်ဆုံးတရားရုံးဖြစ်တဲ့ ICJ နိုင်ငံတကာ တရားရုံးမှာ ဒုတိယအကြိမ်အဖြစ် ဒီကနေ့စပြီး ကြားနာစစ်ဆေးပါလိမ့်မယ်။  အာဖရိကတိုက် ဂမ်ဘီယာနိုင်ငံက တရားစွဲဆိုထားတဲ့ဒီအမှုကို ဒီနေ့တနင်္လာနေ့ကနေစပြီး နယ်သာလန်နိုင်ငံ The Hague မြို့က ICJ တရားရုံးမှာ လေးရက်ကြာ ကြားနာစစ်ဆေးမှု တွေ လုပ်မှာပါ။ ၂ဝ၁၉ခုနှစ်က ပထမတစ်ကြိမ် ကြားနာစစ်ဆေးမှုမှာ နိုင်ငံတော် အတိုင်ပင် ခံ ဒေါ်အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည် ဦးဆောင်တဲ့အဖွဲ့က တက်ရောက်ပြီး တရားစွဲမှုကို ခုခံချေပခဲ့ ပေမယ့် အခုတစ်ကြိမ်မှာတော့ ဒေါ်အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည်က အာဏာသိမ်းစစ်ကောင်စီရဲ့ အကျဉ်းသားဖြစ်နေပါပြီ။ ဒီနေ့ကြားနာပွဲကို မြန်မာနိုင်ငံ ကိုယ်စားပြု တက်ရောက်ခွင့်ရရေး စစ်ကောင်စီဘက်ကရော အာဏာသိမ်းပြီးနောက်ပိုင်း ပေါ်ပေါက်လာတဲ့ အမျိုးသားညီညွတ် ရေးအစိုးရ NUG ဘက်ကရော အပြိုင်ကြိုးစားနေကြတာပါ။  ဒီနှစ်ဖွဲ့လုံးဟာ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံရဲ့ တရားဝင်အစိုးရအဖြစ် နိုင်ငံတကာရဲ့ အသိအမှတ်ပြုမှုကို ပြည့်ပြည့်ဝဝ မရကြသေးပါဘူး။ ICJ အမှုကို ရင်ဆိုင်ဖို့ အပြည်ပြည်ဆိုင်ရာ ပူးပေါင်းဆောင် ရွက်ရေးဝန်ကြီး ဦးကိုကိုလှိုင်နဲ့ ပြည်ထောင်စုရှေ့နေချုပ် ဒေါ်သီတာဦးတို့ကို ဥပဒေအဖွဲ့ အဖြစ် စစ်ကောင်စီက ခန့်အပ်ထားပါတယ်။ သူတို့နှစ်ဦးလုံးက အမေရိကန်ရဲ့ အရေးယူ ပိတ်ဆို့မှုကို ခံထားရသူတွေပါ။ NUG အစိုးရကလည်း ကုလသမဂ္ဂက မြန်မာနိုင်ငံဆိုင်ရာ သံအမတ်ကြီး ဦးကျော်မိုးထွန်း ခေါင်းဆောင်တဲ့အဖွဲ့ကိုပဲ ICJ က ဆက်ဆံဖို့ တိုက်တွန်း ထားပါတယ်။  လူ့အခွင့်အရေးချိုးဖောက်မှုတွေ ကျူးလွန်နေတဲ့ မြန်မာစစ်အုပ်စုကို ICJက နိုင်ငံကိုယ်စား ပြုအဖွဲ့အဖြစ် လက်မခံသင့်ဘူးလို့ လူအခွင့်အရေးအဖွဲ့တွေကလည်း တိုက်တွန်းနေပါ တယ်။ NLD အစိုးရလက်ထက်က ရိုဟင်ဂျာအရေးနဲ့ပတ်သက်ပြီး ICJ တရားရုံးမှာ ကန့် ကွက်ထားခဲ့တာတွေကိုလည်း ပြန်ရုပ်သိမ်းတယ်လို့ NUG အစိုးရက ကြေညာထားပါတယ်။ ICJ တရားရုံးက NUG နဲ့ စစ်ကောင်စီအကြား ဘယ်အဖွဲ့ကို တရားဝင် လက်ခံမလဲဆိုတာ မသိရသေးပါဘူး။    The second trial of the ICJ in Rohingya begins today  The International Criminal Court (ICJ), the highest court in the world, is set to hear the case against Rohingya Muslims in Burma today. The Gambia case is set to reach a four-day hearing in the ICJ court in The Hague on Monday. In the first hearing in 2019, a group led by State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi defended the case, but this time Suu Kyi is a prisoner of the coup junta. Both the military council and the National Unity Government (NUG), which emerged after the coup, are vying for the right to represent Burma at today's hearing.  Both groups have not yet received full international recognition as Myanmar's legitimate government. Ko Ko Hlaing, the Minister for International Cooperation, and Daw Thida Oo, the Attorney General of the Union, have been appointed by the Military Council to face the ICJ case. Both are under US sanctions. The NUG has also called on the ICJ to deal with a group led by UN Ambassador to Burma Kyaw Moe Tun.  Human rights groups are urging the ICJ not to accept the Burmese military regime as a country representing the country, which is committing human rights abuses. The NUG government has also announced that it has withdrawn its objections to the Rohingya from the ICJ under the NLD government. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.

The second trial of the ICJ in Rohingya begins today


The International Criminal Court (ICJ), the highest court in the world, is set to hear the case against Rohingya Muslims in Burma today.
The Gambia case is set to reach a four-day hearing in the ICJ court in The Hague on Monday. In the first hearing in 2019, a group led by State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi defended the case, but this time Suu Kyi is a prisoner of the coup junta. Both the military council and the National Unity Government (NUG), which emerged after the coup, are vying for the right to represent Burma at today's hearing.

Both groups have not yet received full international recognition as Myanmar's legitimate government. Ko Ko Hlaing, the Minister for International Cooperation, and Daw Thida Oo, the Attorney General of the Union, have been appointed by the Military Council to face the ICJ case. Both are under US sanctions. The NUG has also called on the ICJ to deal with a group led by UN Ambassador to Burma Kyaw Moe Tun.

Human rights groups are urging the ICJ not to accept the Burmese military regime as a country representing the country, which is committing human rights abuses. The NUG government has also announced that it has withdrawn its objections to the Rohingya from the ICJ under the NLD government. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.

Child religious conversion: Deputy minister urges respect for state law  Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department (Religion) Ahmad Marzuk Shaary urged all parties to respect the law by state on the issue of conversion, including children.  According to him, there are differences in the provisions of the law in each state in relation to the conversion of children.  “There are states that require the consent of one parent, and there are states that require the consent of both.  “In this regard, we respect the conditions decided by the states as the matter is under state jurisdiction, and the conditions decided are also based on the views of scholars and valid fatwas,” he said in a statement, today.  She was commenting on the controversy involving three children who parted ways with her mother Loh Siew Hong who divorced her husband Nagahswaran Muniandy.  The father of the child is said to have changed their religion without Loh's knowledge and permission three years ago. For the record on Sept 29, 2020, the Shah Alam High Court allowed a suit filed by a mother to declare the conversion to Islam of her three children who were then 13, 11 and eight years old, invalid and the conversion could not be registered by the Registrar General. Muallaf Selangor.  The High Court ruled that it was bound by the 2018 Federal Court decision in the case of the conversion of the children of kindergarten teacher, M Indira Gandhi.  In the case of Indira Gandhi, the Federal Court ruled that parental consent was required to convert the children to Islam. Regarding the conversion of Loh's three children, his lawyer had previously sent a letter of demand to the registrar of converts in three states to challenge the conversion of his children, following it was not clear where it was done.  However, Perlis Mufti Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin in a live video uploaded on Facebook on February 16 said that the father of the three children had come to Perlis in July 2020 for their conversion to Islam.  Referring to the case, Ahmad Marzuk said, the action of the conversion of three children by his father who had converted to Islam was in line with the law in force in Perlis at the time, as stipulated in Section 117 (b) of the State Islamic Religious Administration Enactment 2006 Perlis which allows the conversion of children to Islam is done with the consent of one of the parents.  Therefore, the Pengkalan Chepa Member of Parliament explained again, it should not be a dispute when a party who has converted to Islam has converted his son's religion according to the procedures and state laws that have been set legally.  "What's more, accusing the Perlis religious authorities of 'kidnapping and converting' the children. We should not fan the flames of discord so as to threaten the harmony of multi-racial life in this country," he said.  Ahmad Marzuk also urged all parties not to inflame racist sentiments and respect the law, including at the state level.     Penukaran agama anak: Timbalan menteri gesa hormat undang-undang negeri  Timbalan Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri (Agama) Ahmad Marzuk Shaary menggesa semua pihak agar menghormati undang-undang mengikut negeri dalam isu penukaran agama termasuk kanak-kanak.  Menurutnya, wujud perbezaan dalam peruntukan undang-undang di setiap negeri berhubung dengan pemelukan agama anak.  "Ada negeri yang mensyaratkan persetujuan salah seorang ibu bapa, dan ada negeri yang mensyaratkan persetujuan kedua-duanya.  "Dalam hal ini, kita menghormati syarat-syarat yang diputuskan oleh negeri-negeri kerana perkara itu di bawah bidang kuasa negeri, dan syarat-syarat yang diputuskan juga adalah berasaskan kepada pandangan ulama dan fatwa yang sah," katanya dalam kenyataan, hari ini.  Dia mengulas kontroversi membabitkan tiga kanak-kanak yang berpisah dengan ibunya Loh Siew Hong yang bercerai dengan suaminya Nagahswaran Muniandy.  Bapa kanak-kanak tersebut dikatakan menukar agama mereka tanpa pengetahuan dan kebenaran Loh pada tiga tahun lalu.  Sebagai rekod pada 29 Sept 2020, Mahkamah Tinggi Shah Alam membenarkan saman yang dikemukakan oleh seorang ibu untuk mengisytiharkan penukaran agama Islam ketiga-tiga anaknya yang ketika itu berusia 13, 11 dan lapan tahun, tidak sah dan pemelukan agama itu tidak boleh didaftarkan oleh Ketua Pendaftar Muallaf Selangor.  Mahkamah Tinggi memutuskan bahawa ia terikat dengan keputusan Mahkamah Persekutuan 2018 dalam kes penukaran agama anak-anak guru tadika, M Indira Gandhi.  Dalam kes Indira Gandhi, Mahkamah Persekutuan memutuskan persetujuan ibu dan bapa diperlukan untuk menukar agama anak-anak kepada Islam.  Berkaitan penukaran agama tiga anak Loh, peguamnya sebelum ini menghantar surat tuntutan kepada pendaftar mualaf di tiga negeri untuk mencabar penukaran agama anak-anaknya, berikutan tidak jelas di mana ia dilakukan.  Namun Mufti Perlis Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin dalam video secara langsung yang dimuatnaik di Facebook pada 16 Februari lalu berkata bapa kepada tiga kanak-kanak tersebut telah datang ke Perlis pada Julai 2020 bagi proses pengislaman mereka.  Merujuk kes itu, Ahmad Marzuk berkata, tindakan pengislaman tiga kanak-kanak oleh bapanya yang telah memeluk Islam adalah selaras dengan undang-undang yang berkuat kuasa di Perlis pada masa tersebut, seperti yang termaktub dalam Seksyen 117(b) Enakmen Pentadbiran Agama Islam 2006 Negeri Perlis yang membenarkan pengislaman anak-anak dibuat dengan persetujuan salah seorang ibu atau bapa.  Oleh itu, jelas anggota Parlimen Pengkalan Chepa itu lagi, ia tidak sepatutnya menjadi pertikaian apabila pihak yang telah memeluk kepada Islam telah menukar agama anaknya mengikut prosedur dan undang-undang negeri yang telah ditetapkan secara sah.  "Apatah lagi sehingga menuduh pihak berkuasa agama Perlis ‘menculik dan menukar agama’ anak-anak tersebut. Tidak sepatutnya kita meniup api perselisihan sehingga mengancam keharmonian hidup berbilang kaum di negara ini," katanya.  Ahmad Marzuk juga menggesa semua pihak agar tidak mengapi-apikan sentimen perkauman serta menghormati undang-undang termasuk di peringkat negeri.

Child religious conversion: Deputy minister urges respect for state law


Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Department (Religion) Ahmad Marzuk Shaary urged all parties to respect the law by state on the issue of conversion, including children.

According to him, there are differences in the provisions of the law in each state in relation to the conversion of children.

“There are states that require the consent of one parent, and there are states that require the consent of both.

“In this regard, we respect the conditions decided by the states as the matter is under state jurisdiction, and the conditions decided are also based on the views of scholars and valid fatwas,” he said in a statement, today.

She was commenting on the controversy involving three children who parted ways with her mother Loh Siew Hong who divorced her husband Nagahswaran Muniandy.

The father of the child is said to have changed their religion without Loh's knowledge and permission three years ago.
For the record on Sept 29, 2020, the Shah Alam High Court allowed a suit filed by a mother to declare the conversion to Islam of her three children who were then 13, 11 and eight years old, invalid and the conversion could not be registered by the Registrar General. Muallaf Selangor.

The High Court ruled that it was bound by the 2018 Federal Court decision in the case of the conversion of the children of kindergarten teacher, M Indira Gandhi.

In the case of Indira Gandhi, the Federal Court ruled that parental consent was required to convert the children to Islam.
Regarding the conversion of Loh's three children, his lawyer had previously sent a letter of demand to the registrar of converts in three states to challenge the conversion of his children, following it was not clear where it was done.

However, Perlis Mufti Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin in a live video uploaded on Facebook on February 16 said that the father of the three children had come to Perlis in July 2020 for their conversion to Islam.

Referring to the case, Ahmad Marzuk said, the action of the conversion of three children by his father who had converted to Islam was in line with the law in force in Perlis at the time, as stipulated in Section 117 (b) of the State Islamic Religious Administration Enactment 2006 Perlis which allows the conversion of children to Islam is done with the consent of one of the parents.

Therefore, the Pengkalan Chepa Member of Parliament explained again, it should not be a dispute when a party who has converted to Islam has converted his son's religion according to the procedures and state laws that have been set legally.

"What's more, accusing the Perlis religious authorities of 'kidnapping and converting' the children. We should not fan the flames of discord so as to threaten the harmony of multi-racial life in this country," he said.

Ahmad Marzuk also urged all parties not to inflame racist sentiments and respect the law, including at the state level.
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