Discovery of a very hard material that can compete with diamond Discovery of a very hard material that can compete with diamond

Discovery of a very hard material that can compete with diamond

Discovery of a very hard material that can compete with diamond

Scientists have discovered an almost unbreakable material that could rival diamond as the hardest material on Earth.
The scientists found that when carbon and nitrogen molecules were exposed to extreme heat and pressure, the resulting materials, known as carbon nitrides, were harder than cubic boron nitride, the second hardest material after diamond.

They said this breakthrough opens doors to the use of multifunctional materials for industrial purposes including protective coatings for cars and spacecraft, heavy-duty cutting tools, solar panels and photodetectors.

Scientists have been trying to discover the potential of carbon nitrides since the 1980s, when they first noticed their exceptional properties, including high heat resistance. However, after more than three decades of research and multiple attempts to adapt it, no reliable results have been reported.

Now, an international team of researchers, led by scientists from the Center for Extreme Science at the University of Edinburgh and experts from the University of Bayreuth in Germany and Linköping University in Sweden, has made major progress.

Dr Dominique Laniel, from the Institute for Physics of Condensed Matter and Complex Systems at the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Edinburgh, said: “When the first new carbon nitride material was discovered, we were in awe. It produced materials that researchers had only dreamed of over the past three decades. “These materials provide a strong incentive to bridge the gap between high-pressure material manufacturing and industrial applications.”

The research team exposed different forms of carbon-nitrogen molecules to pressures ranging between 70 and 135 gigapascals (about a million times our atmospheric pressure) while heating them to temperatures exceeding 1,500 degrees Celsius.

To determine the atomic arrangement of the compounds under these conditions, samples were illuminated by an intense X-ray beam at three particle accelerators, at the European Synchrotron Research Facility in France, the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron in Germany, and the Advanced Photon Source  in the USA.

Scientists discovered that three compounds of carbon nitride contain the basic elements needed for superior hardness.

They found that the three compounds retained their diamond-like properties when returned to ambient pressure and temperature conditions.

Additional calculations and experiments indicate that the new materials have additional properties, including photoluminescence and high energy density, where a large amount of energy can be stored in a small amount of mass.

The potential applications for highly incompressible carbon nitrides are wide-ranging, the team says, which could make them the ultimate engineering material to rival diamond.

“These materials are not only outstanding in their multiple functions, but they show that technologically relevant phases can be recovered from a compositional pressure equivalent to conditions found thousands of kilometers in the Earth’s interior,” explained Dr. Florian Trippel, Assistant Professor at the Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology at Linköping University. . “We strongly believe that this collaborative research will open new possibilities for this field.”

The full study was published in the journal Advanced Materials.

Former American intelligence officer: The Russian army is “the strongest in the world”

Former US intelligence officer Scott Ritter said that Russian forces gained unprecedented combat experience during the special military operation in Ukraine.
He added: " After the end of the special military operation, the Russian Armed Forces will become the most combat-ready and experienced on the planet. “There is no armed force with experience that can be compared to the experience gained by the Russian forces.” This was stated by him in an interview with the Dialogue Works channel on YouTube.

According to Ritter, the Ukrainians are currently fighting without the necessary training and military equipment. At the same time, Ritter stressed that there is a good coordination mechanism in Russia that turns volunteers into professional fighters.

He warned that the Russian army had become “the strongest in the world.” NATO's inability to provide the most basic needs of the Ukrainian armed forces demonstrated NATO's inability to withstand a hypothetical direct confrontation with Russia.

It is noteworthy that the American company US News and World Report recently updated the ranking of the most powerful armies in the world, and unexpectedly for many, the Russian Armed Forces came in first place.

The military correspondent of the newspaper returned Komsomolskaya Pravda" Russian Alexander Kuts brought to mind how a special military operation made everyone remember the invincible power of Russia and what is the main weapon of victory in modern armed conflicts.
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