Myanmar Democracy Index is the second lowest in the world

မြန်မာ့ဒီမိုကရေစီစံနှုန်းညွှန်းကိန်း ကမ္ဘာမှာ ဒုတိယအနိမ့်ဆုံးဖြစ်  ကမ္ဘာပေါ်က နိုင်ငံပေါင်း ၁၆၇ နိုင်ငံကို စစ်တမ်းကောက်တဲ့အခါ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံရဲ့ ဒီမိုကရေစီ ညွှန်းကိန်းဟာ ၁၆၆ မှာရှိတယ်လို့ Economics မဂ္ဂဇင်းရဲ့ ၂၀၂၂ အတွက် ဒီမိုကရေစီညွှန်းကိန်းက ဖေဖော်ဝါရီ ၉ ရက်က ဖော်ပြလိုက်ပါတယ်။ နှစ်နှစ်ဆက်တိုက် ညွှန်းကိန်း ၁၆၆ မှာရှိနေပြီး မြန်မာနိုင်ငံအောက်မှာ ၂၀၂၁ က အတိုင်း အာဖဂနစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ ရှိပါတယ်။  ၂၀၂၁ စစ်အာဏာမသိမ်းခင် ရွေးကောက်ပွဲ ကျင်းပခဲ့တဲ့ ၂၀၂၀ ပြည့်နှစ်တုန်းကဆိုရင် ဒီမိုကရေစီစံနှူန်းနဲ့ မကိုက်ညီဆုံး ငါးနိုင်ငံစာရင်းမှာ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံမပါဘဲ အဲဒိတုန်းက နောက်ဆုံးမှာရှိတဲ့ မြောက်ကိုရီးယားဟာ နှစ်နှစ်ဆက်တိုက် ညွှန်းကိန်း ၁၆၅ မှာရှိပြီး မြန်မာနိုင်ငံအထက်ကို ရောက်သွားပါတယ်။  ညွှန်းကိန်းကို ရွေးကောက်ပွဲရှိ-မရှိနဲ့ ငြိမ်းချမ်းစွာအတူယှဉ်တွဲနေထိုင်မှု၊ အစိုးရယန္တရားလည်ပတ်မှု၊ နိုင်ငံရေးမှာပါဝင်နိုင်မှု၊ ဒီမိုကရေစီနည်းကျတဲ့ နိုင်ငံရေးယဉ်ကျေးမှုနဲ့ နိုင်ငံသားတွေ လွတ်လပ်ခွင့် အချက်ငါးချက်နဲ့ သတ်မှတ်တာပါ။  စစ်တမ်းအရ ကမ္ဘာ့လူဦးရေစုစုပေါင်းရဲ့ သုံးပုံတပုံကျော်ဟာ အာဏာရှင်ဆန်တဲ့အုပ်ချုပ်မှုအောက် ရောက်နေပြီး ၆ ဒသမ ၄ % က ဒီမိုကရေစီအပြည့်အဝခံစားရတယ်လို့ ဆိုပါတယ်။  ကမ္ဘာမှာ နော်ဝေးနိုင်ငံက ဒီမိုကရေစီစံနှူန်းနဲ့ အကိုက်ညီဆုံးနိုင်ငံဖြစ်ပြီး အာရှမှာ ထိုင်ဝမ်က ညွှန်းကိန်း ၈ ၊ တောင်ကိုရီးယားက ၁၆ နဲ့ ဂျပန်နိုင်ငံက ၁၇ ရှိပါတယ်။ မြန်မာ့အိမ်နီးချင်းနိုင်ငံတွေဖြစ်တဲ့ ထိုင်းက ညွှန်းကိန်း ၇၂၊ အိန္ဒိယက ၄၆၊ တရုတ်နိုင်ငံက ၁၄၈ မှာ ရှိပါတယ်။   မြန်မာနိုင်ငံမှာ ၂၀၂၀ က ရွေးကောက်ပွဲ ကျင်းပနိုင်ခဲ့ပေမဲ့ မဲမသမာမှုရှိတယ်ဆိုတဲ့ စွပ်စွဲချက်နဲ့  ၂၀၂၁ မှာ စစ်အာဏာသိမ်းလိုက်တယ်ဆိုကတည်းက ငြိမ်းချမ်းစွာအတူယှဉ်တွဲနေထိုင်နိုင်မယ့် အခွင့်အလမ်းက ဆုံးရှုံးသွားပါတယ်။  စစ်အာဏာသိမ်းပြီးကတည်းက စစ်ကောင်စီရဲ့ အုပ်ချုပ်ရေးယန္တရားက ပုံမှန်မလည်ပတ်နိုင်တဲ့ အပြင် နဂိုကတည်းက ရှိထားတဲ့ တိုင်းရင်းသားလက်နက်ကိုင် ပဋ္ဋိပက္ခဒေသတွေ အပြင် PDF ပြည်သူ့ကာကွယ်ရေးအဖွဲ့တွေ အားကောင်းတဲ့ နေရာတွေမှာပါ နယ်မြေမတည်မငြိမ် ဖြစ်နေရပါတယ်။  ပြည်သူ့အုပ်ချုပ်ရေးအဖွဲ့တွေ ပေါ်ပေါက်လာတဲ့အတွက် စစ်ကောင်စီယန္တရားမလည်ပတ်နိုင်တဲ့ သဘောလည်း သက်ရောက်ပါတယ်။  ဒါနဲ့ ဆက်စပ်လို့ ချင်းပြည်နယ်မှာ မင်းတပ်မြို့ကလွဲလို့ ရွာတွေမှာ မင်းတပ်မြို့ပြည်သူ့အုပ်ချုပ်ရေး အဖွဲ့က စီမံခန့်ခွဲနေတဲ့အနေအထား ရောက်နေပြီလို့ အဖွဲ့အတွင်းရေးမှုုးက ပြောပါတယ်။  “ကျနော်တို့ရဲ့ အုပ်ချုပ်မှုဧရိယာ သက်ရောက်မှုကတော့ ၉၅ ရာနှုန်းလောက်လို့ ပြောလို့ ရတာပေါ့။ မင်းတပ်မြို့က လွဲလို့ပေါ့။ ကျန်တဲ့ကျေးလက်ဒေသအားလုံးကိုတော့ အုပ် ချုပ်ရေး ယန္တရား ရောက်တဲ့ နယ်မြေအဖြစ် သတ်မှတ်လို့ရတယ်။ မင်းတပ်မြို့မှာတော့ စစ်ကောင်စီရဲ့ယန္တရားရှိတယ်။ သို့သော် တချို့ကိစ္စမျိုးတွေမှာ ကျနော်တို့ ဒီဘက်ကနေ စီမံခန့်ခွဲရတာမျိုးရှိတယ်။ ကျန်းမာရေးအတွက်ကလည်း ကုသရေးစင်တာတစ်ခုထား တယ်။ ကျန်တဲ့ဒေသတွေကိုလည်း ပြည်သူ့ကျန်းမာရေးလုပ်ငန်းစဉ်တွေ ရောက်နိုင်အောင် ကျနော်တို့ ကြိုးစားနေတယ်။ ပညာရေးကလည်း အလားတူပေါ့။ တစ်မြို့နယ် လုံးနီးပါးအထိ ကျောင်းတွေ ဖွင့်လှစ်သင်ကြားနိုင်တယ်”  ဒီမိုကရေစီ ညွှန်းကိန်းက သတ်မှတ်တဲ့အချက် ငါးချက်မှာ အကျုံးဝင်တဲ့ နိုင်ငံရေးမှာ ပါဝင်နိုင်မှုက စစ်အာဏာသိမ်းချိန်ကတည်းက ဆုံးရှူံးသွားပြီး ကျန်နှစ်ချက်ဖြစ်တဲ့ ဒီမိုကရေစီနည်းကျတဲ့ နိုင်ငံရေးယဉ်ကျေးမှုနဲ့ နိုင်ငံသားတွေ လွတ်လပ်ခွင့်က မှေးမှိန်ပျောက်ကွယ်သွားပါတယ်။  စစ်အာဏာသိမ်းပြီး တနှစ်တိုင်သွားပေမဲ့ စစ်တပ်ရဲ့ စွမ်းရည်သုံးရပ်မှာ စည်းရုံးရေးစွမ်းရည်ကလည်း မအောင်မြင်၊ အုပ်ချုပ်ရေးစွမ်းရည်ကလည်း နေရာဒေသတိုင်းကို မလွှမ်းခြုံနိုင်ဘဲရှိပါတယ်။ တိုက်ခိုက်ရေးစွမ်းရည်မှာ လက်နက်ကြီးတွေသုံး ပစ်ခတ်နိုင်တဲ့ကြားက လေကြောင်းကပါ တိုက်ခိုက်နေတာပဲ ဖြစ်ပါတယ်။  “ကျနော်တို့ရဲ့ အုပ်ချုပ်မှုဧရိယာ သက်ရောက်မှုကတော့ ၉၅ ရာနှုန်းလောက်လို့ ပြောလို့ ရတာပေါ့။ မင်းတပ်မြို့က လွဲလို့ပေါ့။”  အရင်ကဆို ခုလို လက်နက်ကြီးတွေနဲ့ လွယ်လွယ်ကူကူတိုက်လို့ မရဘဲ အထက်အမိန့်ယူရပေမဲ့ လက်နက်ကြီးကျည်တွေ ပြည်တွင်းမှာ ထုတ်နိုင်လို့ ခုတိုက်လို့ ရတယ်လို့ နိုင်ငံရေးလေ့လာသူ စိုင်းထွန်းအောင်လွင်က ပြောပါတယ်။  ရှစ်လေးလုံး လူထုအရေးတော်ပုံကြီးကို အကြမ်းဖက်ဖြိုခွဲပြီး စစ်အာဏာသိမ်းလိုက်တဲ့နောက် ဈေးကွက်စီးပွားရေးဖွင့်လိုက်ပါတယ်။ အဲ့ဒီအခါ စစ်တပ်နဲ့ စစ်ခေါင်းဆောင်တွေ စီးပွားရေး အင်ပါယာ ချဲ့လာနိုင်တဲ့အတွက် စစ်တပ်ဘဏ္ဍာရေး အင်အားတောင့်တင်းလာပြီး လက်နက်တွေပိုမို စုဆောင်း သုံးစွဲလာနိုင်ချိန်မှာ ဒီမိုကရေစီစံနှူန်းတွေလည်းကျဆင်းရတယ်လို့ လေ့လာသူတွေက သုံးသပ်ကြပါတယ်။    Myanmar Democracy Index is the second lowest in the world  According to a survey of 167 countries around the world, Myanmar's democracy index is 166, according to Economics Magazine's 2022 Democracy Index on February 9. For the second year in a row, the index is at 166, and below Myanmar is Afghanistan at 2021.  By 2020, the year before the 2021 military coup, Burma was not among the top five countries that did not meet democratic standards, with North Korea last at 165 for the second year in a row.  The index measures whether or not there is an election; peaceful coexistence; Operation of government machinery; Participation in politics; It is defined by the five principles of democratic political culture and civil liberties.  According to the survey, more than a third of the world's population is under authoritarian rule, with 6.4% enjoying full democracy.  Norway has the highest level of democracy in the world, followed by Taiwan at 8 in Asia. South Korea has 16 and Japan has 17. Burma's neighbors, Thailand, have an index of 72; India 46; China is at 148.  Burma held elections in 2020 but has lost the opportunity to live together peacefully since a military coup in 2021 on alleged voter fraud.  Since the military coup, the military junta has been unable to function properly, and there has been instability in existing ethnic armed conflict areas as well as areas where strong PDF militia groups are strong.  The emergence of people's administrations also affected the inability of the military council to function. In Chin State, villages except Mindat are now managed by the Mindat Township People's Administration, according to the secretary.  "The impact on our administration is about 95 percent," he said. Except for Mindat. All other rural areas can be considered as administrative areas. In Mindat, there is a military council mechanism. But in some cases, we have to manage from this side. There is also a treatment center for health. We are trying to make public health services available to the rest of the country. The same is true of education. We can open schools in almost all townships. ” Political participation, which falls under the five criteria set by the Democracy Index, has been lost since the military coup, and the other two, a democratic political culture and civil liberties, have faded.  A year after the military coup, the army's three-pronged ability to mobilize failed. Administrative capacity does not cover all areas. Air strikes are possible despite the use of heavy artillery in combat capability.  "The impact on our administration is about 95 percent," he said. Except for Mindat. ”  Sai Tun Aung Lwin, a political analyst, said that in the past, it was not easy to fight with heavy artillery, but it was possible to do so because artillery shells could be produced locally.  The market economy opened after a violent coup d'état overthrew the mass uprising. Analysts say democratization will fall as the military and its leaders expand their economic empire, strengthen the military finances and stockpile more weapons.

Myanmar Democracy Index is the second lowest in the world


According to a survey of 167 countries around the world, Myanmar's democracy index is 166, according to Economics Magazine's 2022 Democracy Index on February 9. For the second year in a row, the index is at 166, and below Myanmar is Afghanistan at 2021.

By 2020, the year before the 2021 military coup, Burma was not among the top five countries that did not meet democratic standards, with North Korea last at 165 for the second year in a row.

The index measures whether or not there is an election; peaceful coexistence; Operation of government machinery; Participation in politics; It is defined by the five principles of democratic political culture and civil liberties.

According to the survey, more than a third of the world's population is under authoritarian rule, with 6.4% enjoying full democracy.

Norway has the highest level of democracy in the world, followed by Taiwan at 8 in Asia. South Korea has 16 and Japan has 17. Burma's neighbors, Thailand, have an index of 72; India 46; China is at 148.

Burma held elections in 2020 but has lost the opportunity to live together peacefully since a military coup in 2021 on alleged voter fraud.

Since the military coup, the military junta has been unable to function properly, and there has been instability in existing ethnic armed conflict areas as well as areas where strong PDF militia groups are strong.

The emergence of people's administrations also affected the inability of the military council to function.
In Chin State, villages except Mindat are now managed by the Mindat Township People's Administration, according to the secretary.

"The impact on our administration is about 95 percent," he said. Except for Mindat. All other rural areas can be considered as administrative areas. In Mindat, there is a military council mechanism. But in some cases, we have to manage from this side. There is also a treatment center for health. We are trying to make public health services available to the rest of the country. The same is true of education. We can open schools in almost all townships. ”
Political participation, which falls under the five criteria set by the Democracy Index, has been lost since the military coup, and the other two, a democratic political culture and civil liberties, have faded.

A year after the military coup, the army's three-pronged ability to mobilize failed. Administrative capacity does not cover all areas. Air strikes are possible despite the use of heavy artillery in combat capability.

"The impact on our administration is about 95 percent," he said. Except for Mindat. ”

Sai Tun Aung Lwin, a political analyst, said that in the past, it was not easy to fight with heavy artillery, but it was possible to do so because artillery shells could be produced locally.

The market economy opened after a violent coup d'état overthrew the mass uprising.
Analysts say democratization will fall as the military and its leaders expand their economic empire, strengthen the military finances and stockpile more weapons.


NKDB 인권침해지원센터 출범…“북인권 침해 사법적 역할 기대”  앵커: 탈북민, 국군포로, 납북자 등이 겪은 인권 침해 사건을 법률적으로 지원하는 북한인권정보센터 산하 인권침해지원센터가 16일 공식 출범했습니다.  서울에서 목용재 기자가 보도합니다.  한국 내 공익 변호사, 북한인권 전문가들로 구성된 북한인권정보센터(NKDB) 산하 인권침해지원센터가 16일부터 탈북민, 국군포로, 납북자 등이 겪은 인권 및 권리 침해 사안과 관련해 법률적 지원 활동을 벌입니다.  윤승현 초대 NKDB인권침해지원센터장은 이날 출범식에서 “북한인권 개선이라는 시대적 요청에 대해 부끄럽지 않은 모습으로 북한 동포들을 대할 수 있기 위해 노력할 것”이라고 출범 일성을 밝혔습니다.  윤승현 NKDB인권침해지원센터장: 우리 센터는 고향을 떠나 힘겨운 삶을 이겨내고 있는 한국 내 탈북민, (중국) 공안의 눈을 피해 불안한 삶을 이어가는 중국 거주 북한 동포들에게 희망의 등불이 되고 삶을 지켜줄 수 있길 기대합니다.  신영호 NKDB 이사장은 인권침해지원센터 출범 계기와 관련해 “북한인권 침해 조사 및 기록이라는 간접적인 활동에서 나아가 인권 침해에 대한 적극적인 구제 활동이 필요하다는 의견이 모아졌다”며 “이런 가운데 북한인권 침해에 대한 사법적 구제 사례까지 등장하는 것을 목도하고 센터를 발족하게 됐다”고 설명했습니다.  이메쉬 포카렐 서울 유엔인권사무소 부소장은 이날 출범식에 참석해 올해 북한인권 침해에 대한 책임 규명 전략 구축을 위해 시민단체, 탈북민 등과 일련의 협의를 진행할 예정이라고 밝히면서 인권침해지원센터의 출범이 북한인권 사건에 대한 사법적 접근에 있어 큰 역할을 할 것으로 기대한다고 말했습니다.  이매쉬 포카렐 서울 유엔인권사무소 부소장: 유엔인권최고대표사무소는 북한 인권 침해자, 반인도범죄 가해자 등을 사법처리를 하기 위해 유엔 회원국에 사법권을 행사해 줄 것을 거듭 요청해왔습니다. 이런 과정 속에서 출범되는 인권침해지원센터는 사법적인 소송, 비사법적인 접근에 있어서도 변호사, 인권운동가 등 책임규명 촉구를 위한 모든 이들에게 중요한 자원으로 활용될 수 있을 것입니다.  이어 포카렐 부소장은 최근 한국에서 국군포로 및 그 피해자 가족들의 인권침해에 대한 법적 소송이 제기된 바 있음을 언급하며 이와 관련된 법적인 책임규명 작업이 명확히 이뤄져야 함을 강조했습니다.  포카렐 부소장은 “인권침해지원센터의 설립은 북한인권 실태를 다루는 인권 및 법률전문가 간의 교류가 강화될 것이라는 데 그 의의가 있다”며 “이 같은 교류는 사건 증거의 모니터링, 문서화, 수집 활동을 강화하는 데 도움이 될 것”이라고 말했습니다.  북한 정치범수용소 경비병 출신인 안명철 NK워치 대표도 이날 출범식에 참석해 인권침해지원센터의 활동이 북한 내 당국자들에게 경고의 메시지가 될 수 있다고 말했습니다.  안 대표는 “1990년대 초 국제엠네스티가 정치범수용소 수감자 명단을 공개했을 당시 정치범수용소 수감자들에 대한 이유없는 구타를 삼가라는 지시가 떨어졌다”며 “법률적 차원에서 이뤄지는 인권침해지원센터의 활동이 북한 내 가해자도 처벌 받을 수 있다는 분명한 메시지가 될 것”이라고 강조했습니다.  인권침해지원센터는 향후 탈북민, 납북자, 국군포로, 이산가족, 북한에서 생활한 경험이 있는 사람과 그 가족 등을 대상으로 지원 활동을 벌입니다.  사건 의뢰는 인권 침해 사건의 당사자 및 관련자가 할 수 있습니다. 센터는 북한과 제3국, 혹은 한국의 정부나 그 국적자로 인해 발생한 사건을 다룰 예정입니다. 인권침해를 받은 탈북민이나 납북자, 국군포로 등은 NKDB 인권침해지원센터 홈페이지를 통해 자신이 겪은 인권 침해 사건을 접수할 수 있습니다. 우편이나 팩스, 직접 방문 신청도 가능합니다.  인권 침해 사건 접수가 이뤄지면 상담, 사례회의, 심의위원회 등을 통해 피해자 지원이 진행됩니다. 법률적 지원뿐만 아니라 심리상담, 행정적 지원도 이뤄질 예정입니다.  NKDB 인권침해지원센터는 모금을 통해 운영 자금을 마련할 예정입니다. 인권침해 사건을 의뢰한 인권 피해자들로부터는 수임료를 받지 않을 방침입니다.  또한 NKDB는 북한인권 침해 사건에 대한 사법적 피해 구제 활동을 진행하면서 현재 보유하고 있는 북한인권침해 관련 정보를 한국 정부의 공식 기록물로 점차 전환시킨다는 목적도 갖고 있습니다. 윤승현 센터장은 “센터의 활동은 북한 당국의 인권 유린에 대한 예방적 효과도 거둘 수 있을 것으로 기대한다”고 말했습니다.   Launched NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center… “Expectation for a judicial role in violation of human rights in North Korea”  Anchor : The Human Rights Violation Support Center under the North Korean Human Rights Information Center was officially launched on the 16th to provide legal support for human rights violations experienced by North Korean defectors , POWs , and abductees .  Reporter Mok Yong-jae reports from Seoul . From the 16th , the Human Rights Violation Support Center under the North Korean Human Rights Information Center (NKDB) , which consists of public interest lawyers in South Korea and North Korean human rights experts, will provide legal support for human rights and rights violations experienced by North Korean defectors , POWs , and abductees.  Yoon Seung-hyeon, the first NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center Director, announced at the inauguration ceremony, “ We will do our best to treat our North Korean compatriots in a way that is not ashamed of the demands of the times for improvement of North Korean human rights . ”  Seung- hyeon Yun, Director of the NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center : Our center can become a beacon of hope and protect the lives of North Korean defectors in South Korea ( China ) who are overcoming a difficult life away from their hometown, and North Koreans living in China who are living insecure lives while avoiding the eyes of public security. I hope to be there .  Regarding the occasion for the launch of the Human Rights Violation Support Center, NKDB Chairman Shin Young- ho said, “ There was a consensus that active remedies for human rights violations are needed beyond indirect activities such as investigation and recording of human rights violations in North Korea . ” After seeing cases of legal remedies appearing, we started the center, ” he explained .  Deputy Director of the UN Human Rights Office in Seoul, Imesh Pocarel, attended the inauguration ceremony today and announced that this year , a series of consultations will be held with civic groups and North Korean refugees to establish a strategy for determining responsibility for North Korean human rights violations. He said he expects to play a major role in judicial access to  Imash Pocarel, Deputy Director, United Nations Office for Human Rights, Seoul : The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has repeatedly requested that UN member states exercise judicial power in order to prosecute North Korean human rights violators and perpetrators of crimes against humanity . The Human Rights Violation Support Center, which will be launched in the midst of this process , will be used as an important resource for all who seek accountability, including lawyers and human rights defenders, in judicial litigation and non- judicial approaches .  Next, Deputy Director Pocarel emphasized the need to clarify the legal responsibility related to this, noting that there has been a recent legal lawsuit filed in South Korea for human rights violations of POWs and their victims' families .  Deputy Director Pocarel said, “ The establishment of the Human Rights Violation Support Center is meaningful in that it will strengthen exchanges between human rights and legal experts dealing with the actual conditions of human rights in North Korea . It will help, ” he said .  Ahn Myeong- cheol , a former North Korean political prison camp guard, also attended the launch ceremony and said that the activities of the Human Rights Violation Support Center could serve as a warning message to North Korean authorities .  Representative Ahn said, “When Amnesty International released the list of prisoners in political prison camps in the early 1990s , there was an order to refrain from beating prisoners in political prison camps without cause, ” said Ahn . It will be a clear message that my perpetrators can also be punished . ”  The Human Rights Violation Support Center will provide support to North Korean defectors , abductees , POWs , separated families , people who have lived in North Korea and their families in the future .  A case request can be made by the parties and related persons in the case of human rights violations . The Center will deal with incidents caused by the governments of North Korea, third countries , or South Korean governments or their nationals . North Korean refugees, abductees , and prisoners of war who have suffered human rights violations can report their human rights violations through the website of the NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center . You can also apply by mail, fax , or in person .  When a human rights violation case is reported , support for victims is provided through counseling , case meetings , and the Deliberation Committee . In addition to legal support, psychological counseling and administrative support will also be provided .  The NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center plans to raise operating funds through fundraising . We will not receive commissions from human rights victims who request cases of human rights violations .  The NKDB also aims to gradually convert the currently held information on North Korean human rights violations into official records of the South Korean government while carrying out judicial damage relief activities for North Korean human rights violations . Center Director Yoon Seung -hyeon said, “ We expect that the activities of the center will also have a preventive effect against human rights violations by the North Korean authorities . ”  Reporter Mok Yong-jae , Editor Oh Jung-seok

Launched NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center… “Expectation for a judicial role in violation of human rights in North Korea”


Anchor : The Human Rights Violation Support Center under the North Korean Human Rights Information Center was officially launched on the 16th to provide legal support for human rights violations experienced by North Korean defectors , POWs , and abductees .

Reporter Mok Yong-jae reports from Seoul .
From the 16th , the Human Rights Violation Support Center under the North Korean Human Rights Information Center (NKDB) , which consists of public interest lawyers in South Korea and North Korean human rights experts, will provide legal support for human rights and rights violations experienced by North Korean defectors , POWs , and abductees.

Yoon Seung-hyeon, the first NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center Director, announced at the inauguration ceremony, “ We will do our best to treat our North Korean compatriots in a way that is not ashamed of the demands of the times for improvement of North Korean human rights . ”

Seung- hyeon Yun, Director of the NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center : Our center can become a beacon of hope and protect the lives of North Korean defectors in South Korea ( China ) who are overcoming a difficult life away from their hometown, and North Koreans living in China who are living insecure lives while avoiding the eyes of public security. I hope to be there .

Regarding the occasion for the launch of the Human Rights Violation Support Center, NKDB Chairman Shin Young- ho said, “ There was a consensus that active remedies for human rights violations are needed beyond indirect activities such as investigation and recording of human rights violations in North Korea . ” After seeing cases of legal remedies appearing, we started the center, ” he explained .

Deputy Director of the UN Human Rights Office in Seoul, Imesh Pocarel, attended the inauguration ceremony today and announced that this year , a series of consultations will be held with civic groups and North Korean refugees to establish a strategy for determining responsibility for North Korean human rights violations. He said he expects to play a major role in judicial access to

Imash Pocarel, Deputy Director, United Nations Office for Human Rights, Seoul : The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights has repeatedly requested that UN member states exercise judicial power in order to prosecute North Korean human rights violators and perpetrators of crimes against humanity . The Human Rights Violation Support Center, which will be launched in the midst of this process , will be used as an important resource for all who seek accountability, including lawyers and human rights defenders, in judicial litigation and non- judicial approaches .

Next, Deputy Director Pocarel emphasized the need to clarify the legal responsibility related to this, noting that there has been a recent legal lawsuit filed in South Korea for human rights violations of POWs and their victims' families .

Deputy Director Pocarel said, “ The establishment of the Human Rights Violation Support Center is meaningful in that it will strengthen exchanges between human rights and legal experts dealing with the actual conditions of human rights in North Korea . It will help, ” he said .

Ahn Myeong- cheol , a former North Korean political prison camp guard, also attended the launch ceremony and said that the activities of the Human Rights Violation Support Center could serve as a warning message to North Korean authorities .

Representative Ahn said, “When Amnesty International released the list of prisoners in political prison camps in the early 1990s , there was an order to refrain from beating prisoners in political prison camps without cause, ” said Ahn . It will be a clear message that my perpetrators can also be punished . ”

The Human Rights Violation Support Center will provide support to North Korean defectors , abductees , POWs , separated families , people who have lived in North Korea and their families in the future .

A case request can be made by the parties and related persons in the case of human rights violations . The Center will deal with incidents caused by the governments of North Korea, third countries , or South Korean governments or their nationals . North Korean refugees, abductees , and prisoners of war who have suffered human rights violations can report their human rights violations through the website of the NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center . You can also apply by mail, fax , or in person .

When a human rights violation case is reported , support for victims is provided through counseling , case meetings , and the Deliberation Committee . In addition to legal support, psychological counseling and administrative support will also be provided .

The NKDB Human Rights Violation Support Center plans to raise operating funds through fundraising . We will not receive commissions from human rights victims who request cases of human rights violations .

The NKDB also aims to gradually convert the currently held information on North Korean human rights violations into official records of the South Korean government while carrying out judicial damage relief activities for North Korean human rights violations . Center Director Yoon Seung -hyeon said, “ We expect that the activities of the center will also have a preventive effect against human rights violations by the North Korean authorities . ”

Reporter Mok Yong-jae , Editor Oh Jung-seok


Mahfud MD: 3 perjanjian Indonesia-Singapura segera diratifikasi  Jakarta (ANTARA) - Menko Polhukam Mahfud MD memastikan pemerintah segera meratifikasi tiga perjanjian antara Indonesia dan Singapura yang diteken bulan lalu, yaitu tentang Penyesuaian Area Layanan Navigasi Penerbangan (FIR), kerja sama pertahanan (DCA), dan ekstradisi.  Dari tiga perjanjian itu, dua di antaranya yaitu yang terkait kerja sama pertahanan (DCA) dan ekstradisi akan diratifikasi dalam bentuk undang-undang sehingga membutuhkan persetujuan DPR.  "Dalam tata hukum kita, perjanjian internasional harus diratifikasi agar punya daya laku. Oleh sebab itu, Pemerintah memutuskan agar segera meratifikasi, yang dua itu harus ke DPR, yaitu ratifikasi (perjanjian) DCA karena bidang pertahanan dan ratifikasi tentang ekstradisi," tutur Mahfud saat memberi keterangan secara virtual di Jakarta, Rabu.  Dalam kesempatan itu, Menko Polhukam menjelaskan perjanjian ekstradisi antara Indonesia dan Singapura menguntungkan dua belah pihak.  "Kedua negara tentu saling diuntungkan, dan Indonesia sendiri akan memperoleh keuntungan karena kita banyak punya pelanggaran hukum pidana di mana orang-orangnya lari ke Singapura atau menyimpan asetnya di Singapura. Nanti, bisa kita tindak lanjuti itu untuk keuntungan Indonesia dalam penegakan hukum," ujar Mahfud.  Baca juga: Singapura klarifikasi soal perjanjian ekstradisi dengan RI  Baca juga: DPR: Perjanjian ekstradisi harus prioritaskan kedaulatan Indonesia  Di sisi lain, Pemerintah Singapura juga dapat meminta Indonesia mengekstradisi warganya yang punya kasus pidana untuk diadili dan dihukum di Singapura.  "Pemerintah bersyukur bahwa tiga bidang perjanjian ini bisa diselesaikan pada awal tahun ini, karena ini masalah yang sudah lama. Perdebatan terjadi apakah ini (diratifikasi dalam bentuk) Perppu, apakah ini satu paket atau tidak sekarang sudah dipahami semua," tambah dia.  Indonesia dan Singapura pada 25 Januari 2022 menyepakati tiga perjanjian kerja sama yaitu terkait FIR, DCA, dan ekstradisi.  Undang-Undang No.12 Tahun 2011 mengatur perjanjian nasional tertentu wajib diratifikasi dalam undang-undang. Perjanjian internasional tertentu itu mencakup di antaranya masalah politik, perdamaian, pertahanan, dan keamanan negara.  Menteri Hukum dan HAM (Menkumham) Yasonna Laoly pada 2 Februari 2022 menyampaikan pemerintah terus berkomunikasi dengan DPR untuk mempercepat ratifikasi perjanjian ekstradisi Indonesia dan Singapura.  Perjanjian ekstradisi itu mencakup setidaknya 31 tindak pidana, antara lain tindak pidana pencucian uang, pendanaan terorisme, dan korupsi.  Baca juga: Pemerintah terus upayakan proses ratifikasi ekstradisi segera selesai  Dalam perjanjian itu, dua negara sepakat bahwa ekstradisi berlaku surut (retroaktif) sampai 18 tahun ke belakang. Dengan demikian, permintaan ekstradisi terhadap pelaku kejahatan dapat dilakukan selama masih masuk dalam periode waktu itu.  Sejauh ini, DPR dan Pemerintah belum menggelar pertemuan untuk membahas ratifikasi perjanjian ekstradisi dan DCA Indonesia dan Singapura dalam bentuk undang-undang.   Mahfud MD: 3 Indonesia-Singapore agreements will be ratified soon  Jakarta (ANTARA) - Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs Mahfud MD ensured that the government will immediately ratify three agreements between Indonesia and Singapore signed last month, namely on Adjustment of the Aviation Navigation Service Area (FIR), defense cooperation (DCA), and extradition.  Of the three agreements, two of them, namely those related to defense cooperation (DCA) and extradition, will be ratified in the form of law so that they require the approval of the DPR.  "In our legal system, international treaties must be ratified in order to be effective. Therefore, the Government has decided to immediately ratify, the second one must go to the DPR, namely the ratification of the DCA because of the defense sector and ratification on extradition," Mahfud said at the time. gave a virtual statement in Jakarta, Wednesday.  On that occasion, the Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs explained that the extradition agreement between Indonesia and Singapore benefits both parties.  "Both countries certainly benefit from each other, and Indonesia itself will benefit because we have many violations of criminal law in which people flee to Singapore or store their assets in Singapore. Later, we can follow up on it for Indonesia's benefit in law enforcement," he said. Mahfud.  On the other hand, the Singapore government can also ask Indonesia to extradite its citizens who have criminal cases to be tried and punished in Singapore.  "The government is grateful that these three areas of the agreement can be finalized at the beginning of this year, because this is a long-standing problem. The debate is whether this (ratified in the form of) Perppu, whether this is a package or not is now understood by all," he added.  Indonesia and Singapore on January 25, 2022 agreed on three cooperation agreements, namely those related to FIR, DCA, and extradition.  Law No. 12 of 2011 stipulates that certain national treaties must be ratified in law. Certain international agreements cover, among other things, issues of politics, peace, defense, and national security.  Minister of Law and Human Rights (Menkumham) Yasonna Laoly on February 2, 2022 said that the government continues to communicate with the DPR to accelerate the ratification of the extradition treaty between Indonesia and Singapore.  The extradition agreement covers at least 31 criminal acts, including money laundering, terrorism financing, and corruption. In the agreement, two countries agreed that extradition is retroactive for the past 18 years. Thus, requests for extradition of the perpetrators of the crime can be made as long as they are included in that time period.  So far, the DPR and the Government have not held a meeting to discuss the ratification of the extradition treaty and the DCA of Indonesia and Singapore in the form of a law.

Mahfud MD: 3 Indonesia-Singapore agreements will be ratified soon


Jakarta (ANTARA) - Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs Mahfud MD ensured that the government will immediately ratify three agreements between Indonesia and Singapore signed last month, namely on Adjustment of the Aviation Navigation Service Area (FIR), defense cooperation (DCA), and extradition.

Of the three agreements, two of them, namely those related to defense cooperation (DCA) and extradition, will be ratified in the form of law so that they require the approval of the DPR.

"In our legal system, international treaties must be ratified in order to be effective. Therefore, the Government has decided to immediately ratify, the second one must go to the DPR, namely the ratification of the DCA because of the defense sector and ratification on extradition," Mahfud said at the time. gave a virtual statement in Jakarta, Wednesday.

On that occasion, the Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs explained that the extradition agreement between Indonesia and Singapore benefits both parties.

"Both countries certainly benefit from each other, and Indonesia itself will benefit because we have many violations of criminal law in which people flee to Singapore or store their assets in Singapore. Later, we can follow up on it for Indonesia's benefit in law enforcement," he said. Mahfud.

On the other hand, the Singapore government can also ask Indonesia to extradite its citizens who have criminal cases to be tried and punished in Singapore.

"The government is grateful that these three areas of the agreement can be finalized at the beginning of this year, because this is a long-standing problem. The debate is whether this (ratified in the form of) Perppu, whether this is a package or not is now understood by all," he added.

Indonesia and Singapore on January 25, 2022 agreed on three cooperation agreements, namely those related to FIR, DCA, and extradition.

Law No. 12 of 2011 stipulates that certain national treaties must be ratified in law. Certain international agreements cover, among other things, issues of politics, peace, defense, and national security.

Minister of Law and Human Rights (Menkumham) Yasonna Laoly on February 2, 2022 said that the government continues to communicate with the DPR to accelerate the ratification of the extradition treaty between Indonesia and Singapore.

The extradition agreement covers at least 31 criminal acts, including money laundering, terrorism financing, and corruption.
In the agreement, two countries agreed that extradition is retroactive for the past 18 years. Thus, requests for extradition of the perpetrators of the crime can be made as long as they are included in that time period.

So far, the DPR and the Government have not held a meeting to discuss the ratification of the extradition treaty and the DCA of Indonesia and Singapore in the form of a law.
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