The New York Times: This is how Muslims are silently fleeing France

نيويورك تايمز: هكذا يهرب المسلمون بصمت من فرنسا  قالت صحيفة نيويورك تايمز (The New York Times) إن كل الحديث في حملة الانتخابات الرئاسية المقبلة في فرنسا ينصبّ الآن على ملف الهجرة لكن الهروب المتزايد والصامت للمسلمين من هذا البلد الأوروبي هو الذي يشير إلى أزمة أعمق تتخبط فيها البلاد.  وأشارت الصحيفة -في تقرير لها- أن المنافسين الثلاثة الأبرز للرئيس الحالي إيمانويل ماكرون في انتخابات أبريل/نيسان المقبل، والذين يتوقع أن يمثلوا ما يقرب من 50% من الأصوات وفقًا لاستطلاعات الرأي، يديرون حملات مناهضة للمهاجرين مما يثير مخاوف أمة تواجه تهديدا حضاريا مما تعتبره "غزوا" من قبل مواطنين غير أوروبيين رغم أن حجم الهجرة الفرنسية الفعلي متخلف مقارنة بمعظم الدول الأوروبية الأخرى.  وتضيف الصحيفة أن المشكلة التي يتم تناولها حصرا في هذا البلد هي الهجرة، لدرجة أن فرنسا فقدت لهذا السبب خلال سنوات فقط كفاءات متعلمة تعليما عاليا سعت لمزيد من الديناميكية ولفرص أفضل في أماكن أخرى.  ومن بين هؤلاء -كما يؤكد باحثون أكاديميون- عدد متزايد من المسلمين الفرنسيين الذين يقولون إن التمييز كان "دافعا قويا" وراء قرار الهجرة وأنهم شعروا بأنهم مجبرون على مغادرة البلد بسبب مزيج من الصور النمطية والأسئلة المزعجة حول أمنهم وشعور بعدم الانتماء.   وأشارت نيويورك تايمز إلى أن هذا "الهروب" إلى الخارج جرى دون انتباه من قبل الساسة ووسائل الإعلام مما يعتبر فشلا للدولة الفرنسية، وفق الباحثين، في توفير مسار تطور حتى لأكثر أبناء أكبر أقلياتها كفاءة ممن كان بالإمكان استثمارهم كنماذج للاندماج الناجح.  ويقول أوليفييه إستيفيز، الأستاذ في مركز العلوم السياسية والقانون العام وعلم الاجتماع بجامعة ليل والذي أجرى مسحا لـ900 مهاجر فرنسي مسلم ومقابلات معمقة مع 130 منهم، "هؤلاء الأشخاص ينتهي بهم الأمر بالمساهمة في اقتصاد كندا أو بريطانيا.. فرنسا بالفعل تطلق النار على نفسها".  ويحتل المسلمون الفرنسيون الذين يقدر عددهم بـ10% من السكان مكانة "غريبة للغاية" في الحملة الانتخابية الرئاسية حتى أنه نادرا ما تُسمع أصواتهم، وهو مؤشر ليس فقط على الجروح العالقة التي سببتها هجمات 2015 و2016 الإرهابية التي أودت بحياة المئات ولكن أيضا على صراع فرنسا الطويل حول قضايا الهوية وعلاقتها المضطربة مع مستعمراتها السابقة.  تعبيرات عنصرية وقد تم ربطهم -تضيف الصحيفة- بالجريمة أو غيرها من الأمراض الاجتماعية من خلال تعبيرات عنصرية مثل "مناطق ليست من فرنسا" التي استخدمتها فاليري بيكريس، مرشحة يمين الوسط التي تلي الآن زعيمة اليمين المتطرف مارين لوبان في المركز الثاني خلف ماكرون. كما تم إفرادهم بالإدانة من قبل محلل التلفزيون السابق اليميني المتطرف والمرشح إريك زمور الذي قال إن أصحاب العمل لهم الحق في حرمان السود والعرب من الوظائف.   وتشير نيويورك تايمز إلى أن مضمون السباق الرئاسي هذا أثار الرهبة في قلوب المسلمين الذين قرروا الرحيل وهم يشاهدونه من الخارج، كما يؤكد صبري لواطة، وهو كاتب فرنسي مسلم من أصول جزائرية، وآخرون ممن غادروا البلد متحدثين بمزيج من الغضب واللامبالاة عن وطنهم الأم حيث لا تزال لديهم روابط عائلية واجتماعية قوية.  وتختم بأن الأماكن التي استقر فيها مسلمو فرنسا المغادرون، بما في ذلك بريطانيا والولايات المتحدة، ليست جنة خالية من التمييز ضد المسلمين أو الأقليات الأخرى لكن الذين تم التحدث معهم قالوا إنهم شعروا بفرصة وقبول أكبر هناك، فيما أشار بعضهم إلى أنه خارج فرنسا لم يتم التشكيك "لأول مرة" في حقيقة أنهم فرنسيون.    The New York Times: This is how Muslims are silently fleeing France  The New York Times said that all the talk about the upcoming presidential election campaign in France is now focused on the issue of immigration, but it is the increasing and silent flight of Muslims from this European country that points to a deeper crisis in the country.  The newspaper indicated - in a report - that the three most prominent competitors of current President Emmanuel Macron in the elections next April, who are expected to represent nearly 50% of the votes according to opinion polls, are running anti-immigrant campaigns, which raises the fears of a nation facing a civilized threat from what it considers "invaded" by non-European nationals even though the actual volume of French immigration lags behind compared to most other European countries.  The newspaper adds that the problem that is addressed exclusively in this country is immigration, to the extent that France has lost for this reason in just years highly educated competencies who sought more dynamism and better opportunities elsewhere.  Among them, academic researchers assert, are a growing number of French Muslims who say discrimination was a "strong motivator" behind the decision to emigrate and that they felt compelled to leave the country due to a mixture of stereotypes, nagging questions about their security and a sense of not belonging.  The New York Times pointed out that this "escape" abroad was carried out without attention by politicians and the media, which is considered a failure by the French state, according to researchers, to provide a path of development for even the most qualified members of its largest minority who could have been invested as models for successful integration.  “These people end up contributing to the economy of Canada or Britain,” says Olivier Esteves, a professor at the University of Lille’s Center for Political Science, Public Law and Sociology who surveyed 900 French Muslim immigrants and in-depth interviews with 130 of them. “France is really shooting itself.”  French Muslims, estimated at 10% of the population, occupy such a "strange" position in the presidential election campaign that their voices are rarely heard, an indication not only of the lingering wounds caused by the 2015 and 2016 terrorist attacks that killed hundreds but also of France's long struggle over the Identity issues and its troubled relationship with its former colonies.  Racist expressions They have been linked to crime or other social ills through racist expressions such as "regions not of France" used by Valerie Pecresse, the centre-right candidate who now follows far-right leader Marine Le Pen in second place behind Macron. They were also singled out for conviction by the far-right former TV analyst and candidate Eric Zemmour, who said employers had the right to deprive blacks and Arabs of jobs.  The New York Times notes that the content of this presidential race aroused dread in the hearts of Muslims who decided to leave while watching it from abroad, as asserted by Sabri Luwatta, a French Muslim writer of Algerian descent, and others who left the country, speaking with a mixture of anger and indifference to their motherland, where they are still They have strong family and social ties.  She concludes that the places where the departing Muslims of France settled, including Britain and the United States, are not a paradise free of discrimination against Muslims or other minorities, but those who were spoken to said that they felt greater opportunity and acceptance there, while some indicated that outside France they were not questioned. "For the first time" in the fact that they are French.

The New York Times: This is how Muslims are silently fleeing France


The New York Times said that all the talk about the upcoming presidential election campaign in France is now focused on the issue of immigration, but it is the increasing and silent flight of Muslims from this European country that points to a deeper crisis in the country.

The newspaper indicated - in a report - that the three most prominent competitors of current President Emmanuel Macron in the elections next April, who are expected to represent nearly 50% of the votes according to opinion polls, are running anti-immigrant campaigns, which raises the fears of a nation facing a civilized threat from what it considers "invaded" by non-European nationals even though the actual volume of French immigration lags behind compared to most other European countries.

The newspaper adds that the problem that is addressed exclusively in this country is immigration, to the extent that France has lost for this reason in just years highly educated competencies who sought more dynamism and better opportunities elsewhere.

Among them, academic researchers assert, are a growing number of French Muslims who say discrimination was a "strong motivator" behind the decision to emigrate and that they felt compelled to leave the country due to a mixture of stereotypes, nagging questions about their security and a sense of not belonging.

The New York Times pointed out that this "escape" abroad was carried out without attention by politicians and the media, which is considered a failure by the French state, according to researchers, to provide a path of development for even the most qualified members of its largest minority who could have been invested as models for successful integration.

“These people end up contributing to the economy of Canada or Britain,” says Olivier Esteves, a professor at the University of Lille’s Center for Political Science, Public Law and Sociology who surveyed 900 French Muslim immigrants and in-depth interviews with 130 of them. “France is really shooting itself.”

French Muslims, estimated at 10% of the population, occupy such a "strange" position in the presidential election campaign that their voices are rarely heard, an indication not only of the lingering wounds caused by the 2015 and 2016 terrorist attacks that killed hundreds but also of France's long struggle over the Identity issues and its troubled relationship with its former colonies.

Racist expressions
They have been linked to crime or other social ills through racist expressions such as "regions not of France" used by Valerie Pecresse, the centre-right candidate who now follows far-right leader Marine Le Pen in second place behind Macron. They were also singled out for conviction by the far-right former TV analyst and candidate Eric Zemmour, who said employers had the right to deprive blacks and Arabs of jobs.

The New York Times notes that the content of this presidential race aroused dread in the hearts of Muslims who decided to leave while watching it from abroad, as asserted by Sabri Luwatta, a French Muslim writer of Algerian descent, and others who left the country, speaking with a mixture of anger and indifference to their motherland, where they are still They have strong family and social ties.

She concludes that the places where the departing Muslims of France settled, including Britain and the United States, are not a paradise free of discrimination against Muslims or other minorities, but those who were spoken to said that they felt greater opportunity and acceptance there, while some indicated that outside France they were not questioned. "For the first time" in the fact that they are French.
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