The Uyghur Movement has held a series of events in Geneva about Uyghurs

The Uyghur Movement has held a series of events in Geneva about Uyghurs  Roshan Abbas, chairman of the Uyghur Movement, and Abdul Hakim Idris, director of the Uyghur Research Center, both attended a series of events in Geneva, Switzerland. They spoke at a roundtable discussion organized by the United States Special Envoy to Geneva. The meeting, chaired by the US ambassador, was attended by diplomats from nearly a dozen countries working at the United Nations.  The roundtable on April 8 focused on the current plight of the Uyghurs, China's policy of genocide against the Uyghurs, and the attitudes and actions of countries around the world. In addition, there are demands for what the United Nations should do next.  Commenting on the meeting, Mr. Abdulkerim Idris said: “At the roundtable in Geneva, the participants asked us questions about the Chinese genocide against the Uyghurs, and we answered in detail. "Especially since the arrival of Ma Xingrui in place of Chen Chuanguo, the General Secretary of the so-called Uyghur Autonomous Region Communist Party, we have continued to emphasize that genocide continues."  Speaking at a roundtable attended by key diplomats, Mr. Abdulkerim Idris also said that some important issues were discussed: He has published nine reports of rape. We regret that the report on human rights abuses against China, which has imprisoned more than 3 million Turkic peoples, including Uyghurs and Kazakhs, in concentration camps, infertile women, and forced the Uyghur people to work, has not yet been published. "  In addition to the meeting chaired by the US Ambassador on the morning of April 8, Mr. Abdulhakim Idris also met with relevant authorities in Amsterdam, the capital of Switzerland, and Amnesty International to discuss further cooperation.  Mr. Abdulhakim Idris said that although Russia's current invasion of Ukraine was at the forefront of the world, he was pleased that the Uyghur genocide in Geneva was also on the agenda.  According to Ms. Roshan Abbas, President of the Uyghur Movement, such events have been held in more than a dozen countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, France, Turkey and the Czech Republic. This is the first event in Geneva.

Roshan Abbas, chairman of the Uyghur Movement, and Abdul Hakim Idris, director of the Uyghur Research Center, both attended a series of events in Geneva, Switzerland. They spoke at a roundtable discussion organized by the United States Special Envoy to Geneva. The meeting, chaired by the US ambassador, was attended by diplomats from nearly a dozen countries working at the United Nations.

The roundtable on April 8 focused on the current plight of the Uyghurs, China's policy of genocide against the Uyghurs, and the attitudes and actions of countries around the world. In addition, there are demands for what the United Nations should do next.

Commenting on the meeting, Mr. Abdulkerim Idris said: “At the roundtable in Geneva, the participants asked us questions about the Chinese genocide against the Uyghurs, and we answered in detail. "Especially since the arrival of Ma Xingrui in place of Chen Chuanguo, the General Secretary of the so-called Uyghur Autonomous Region Communist Party, we have continued to emphasize that genocide continues."

Speaking at a roundtable attended by key diplomats, Mr. Abdulkerim Idris also said that some important issues were discussed: He has published nine reports of rape. We regret that the report on human rights abuses against China, which has imprisoned more than 3 million Turkic peoples, including Uyghurs and Kazakhs, in concentration camps, infertile women, and forced the Uyghur people to work, has not yet been published. "

In addition to the meeting chaired by the US Ambassador on the morning of April 8, Mr. Abdulhakim Idris also met with relevant authorities in Amsterdam, the capital of Switzerland, and Amnesty International to discuss further cooperation.

Mr. Abdulhakim Idris said that although Russia's current invasion of Ukraine was at the forefront of the world, he was pleased that the Uyghur genocide in Geneva was also on the agenda.

According to Ms. Roshan Abbas, President of the Uyghur Movement, such events have been held in more than a dozen countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, France, Turkey and the Czech Republic. This is the first event in Geneva.

Between History and Reality: China's Thousand Year Central Asian Dream 

The slogan, "Xinjiang has always been an integral part of China," which has been publicly emphasized for decades, has not gone unnoticed by Chinese government politicians and scientists, but it is becoming increasingly clear that it is becoming increasingly naked. That is why the Chinese government, in addition to this, has begun to produce a series of historical and written evidence. Perhaps the most famous of these is the statement that an Uyghur poet with the signature "Qamar", which was popular until the 1990s, wrote a poem during the Tang Empire (618-907) entitled "Ancient Chinese Master". Under the leadership of Guo Moro, one of China's most famous scholars, the Chinese government has been interpreting the incident since the 1970s as "unwavering evidence" that Uyghurs have been learning and bowing to the Chinese since ancient times. However, some Chinese scholars have since revealed that the "poetic document" was secretly made for the political needs of the Chinese government in the 1960s, when a number of "scholars" and "leaders" in the Uyghur Autonomous Region Museum chanted slogans of class struggle. Statements about the "Uyghur poet Qamar" have disappeared completely since the 2000s.

Since the beginning of the political upheaval in the Uyghur Autonomous Region in 2015, the Chinese government-funded archeological teams have been conducting large-scale excavations and excavations in the Uyghur Autonomous Region of Miran, Croran, and Lopnur, including the ruins of the well in Lopnur. It has been mentioned.

The latest news from the Chinese government was published on the Xinhua News Agency website on April 7, and some of the ancient Chinese-language Tarsha documents from the Tang Dynasty have been found in the ruins. The material evidence has been specially interpreted as in fact "evidence of the effective rule of the Tang Dynasty by the West."

According to scholars, the ancient land of Croran and Lopnur was one of the important centers of the Silk Road, a key route for economic and cultural exchange between the East and the West before the opening of the new sea route in the 15th century. Mahmud Kashgari, an 11th-century Uighur linguist, also wrote in his Divan of Turkic Languages ​​about the Buddhist Uighurs in the Turfan region, “The Uighur language is pure Turkish. But they also have another language, similar to the truth. This text cannot be read by anyone other than Uyghurs and Chinese. " It also hints at the existence of scripts other than the ancient Uighur script in the region.

For example, in the early 1900s, European scholars in Turfan, about 150 km from Urumqi, discovered a large number of written texts, such as Christian letters, Nestorian Syrian texts, and Buddhist texts in ancient Uyghur, during a survey by European scholars in Turfan. Such experiments were then completed by scientists from Germany, Russia, and Japan. The vast majority of these texts are now preserved in those countries. It's amazing how many of these texts are so numerous and so colorful in content. "

Commenting on this, Professor James Millward once emphasized that the Chinese dream of conquering the "Western Land", one of the most important parts of the ancient Silk Road, dates back to the Han Dynasty in the 2nd century AD and dates back to the Tang Dynasty. In his view, China’s long-held aspirations have naturally left some traces in the region, which is not surprising.

"It simply came to our notice then. Their first military fortification appeared during the Han Dynasty, and there was a disconnect between the Tang Dynasty and the latter. The military commanders of that empire left Chinese written documents and other texts in such military strongholds. But it is not uncommon to say that this place is part of China. These Chinese texts are as if they had instructions in other languages ​​at the New York City subway station or at Chicago International Airport. I mean, it's not surprising that there is a different kind of writing in places where people are very busy. The arid climate of the region has made it easier for these documents to survive. "

The most superficial literatures in the field of historiography show that the two great powers that clashed with the Tang Empire in the 7th century, when the Tang Empire began to rise from the Amulet, sprang from the Ashina seeds in their north, and the Blue Turks, the most powerful central and western Turkic power in Asia. There was the Tibetan Empire. In particular, Li Yuan, one of the earliest rulers of the Tang Empire, and his son, Li Shimin (649-598), overthrew their predecessor, the Suu Kyi, and declared that they would surrender to the Blue Turks because they needed military help from the Blue Turks in their struggle to rule China. There was also a certain degree of resilience between them. At the same time, large quantities of olpan were delivered to the Turks. In the Chinese historiography of the time, the Turkish Qagani Taspar's statement, "We do not have to worry about money when my two sons in the south (i.e., the Qi and Zhu dynasties) are so loyal," is exemplified by his arrogance. Speaking of which, historian Laszlo Montgomery states that he views the relationship between the Blue Turks and the Tang Empire as unique from historical relations.

"Because of their Ravrus understanding of the Blue Turks, their northern neighbors, the Tang Empire's relationship with them was very different from its relationship with the Huns, the powerful neighbors of the Han Empire in the north." Because the rulers of the Tang Empire had a very good understanding of the language, customs, cultural structure, and political structure of this northern neighbor, they made the most of it to their advantage. Jim Milward puts it very succinctly: ‘Chinese historians interpret the relationship of this period as the Chineseization of the Blue Turks. I think the opposite is true. That is to say, the ruling class of the Tang Dynasty at that time turned to Turkism. " I think this conclusion is more realistic. For example, the tunes performed in the Tang Dynasty, the horse-riding game, the popularity of Kucha and Samarkand dances, and the popularity of Turkish music were all among the most sought after social innovations of the time. There are also many records of the Tang Empire's palace records that the ruling class was fascinated by Turkism. In the same way, in the year 629, when the Tang Empire used the Blue Turks to consolidate its position, it saw its northern neighbor as internally divided. So they quickly took on the mystery of plotting a revolt against the Blue Turks, and a large number of Tang armies attacked the Eastern Blue Turk Qagan. " In the same way, in the year 629, when the Tang Empire used the Blue Turks to consolidate its position, it saw its northern neighbor as internally divided. So they quickly took on the mystery of plotting a revolt against the Blue Turks, and a large number of Tang armies attacked the Eastern Blue Turk Qagan. " In the same way, in the year 629, when the Tang Empire used the Blue Turks to consolidate its position, it saw its northern neighbor as internally divided. So they quickly took on the mystery of plotting a revolt against the Blue Turks, and a large number of Tang armies attacked the Eastern Blue Turk Qagan. "

By the time he formally consolidated the Tang Dynasty and achieved political and military aspirations, Li Shimin took advantage of the fact that the Blue Turks, his powerful neighbors in the north, were divided into "Eastern Turks" and "Western Turks" and therefore greatly weakened. The attack on the Eastern Turkic Empire began. The East Turkic Empire perished in this two-year war. In the second step, the Tang Empire invaded the Western Turkic Empire in 641, taking advantage of the internal disunity of the Western Turk Empire, known as the "Ten People of the Arrow," to mobilize a large number of Eastern Turkic cavalry. From the present-day Dunhuang and the surrounding hamlets to the city of Tokmak and the Caspian Sea in the west, to the vast Central Asian territory in the south to Hotan and Kashgar, the Western Turkic Empire has been at war for 17 years. But Lazlo Montegomery believes that in this war, the Tang Empire used the method of defeating the Turks through the Turks, ending the war faster than expected.

“The rulers of the Tang Empire were very well aware of what resources existed in this region, known as the West, and its strategic value. So Tang Taizong (Li Shimin) was already looking west. In addition, a large number of cavalrymen from the recently defeated East Turkic Empire served as mercenaries in the march west for the Tang Empire. So you can't help but be amazed at how quickly the Tang Dynasty conquered that vast territory, known as the "Western Land," and the present-day Xinjiang, and the relatively small proportion of the Chinese army in the proportion of troops used for it. Because the vast majority of these soldiers who attacked the Western Turks were Turks.

The fact is that in the ancient Turkic inscriptions of the Eternal Stone, "Your sons who became slaves became slaves, and your daughters who became queens became slaves because you left your qagan and became dependent on the khan (Tang Empire)." Many Turkish people died because of their sweet words and great gifts. I want to kill the Turkish people, despite the fact that they have worked so hard and tried so hard. "Let's dry the seeds," he said.

Speaking of which, Professor James Milward emphasizes that the Tang Empire, which is urgently preparing to eliminate its neighbors, actually has some kind of kinship with these peoples, but that their “desire to unite” has not ceased.

“The founders of the Tang Empire can be said to be the royal dynasty of the Chinese. But their relatives and ancestors were made up of northern Serbian (Xianpi) and other non-Chinese tribes. Again, this empire was very interested in Buddhism in India. Therefore, many tribes, including Turks, Sogdians, Hindus, and later Uighurs and Tibetans, were influential in the empire. But during this time the Abbasid Empire was expanding eastward, and those who took part in this expansion were not pure Arabs. Most of them were locals in the occupied territories. As a result, their expansion was moving the waves of Islam eastward. "

By the middle of the 8th century, the Tang Empire had finally defeated the Tibetan Empire, replacing the Blue Turk Empire, becoming the most powerful country in Asia, and trying to extend its control over the Aral Sea. At that time, one of the most powerful political forces of its time, the Arab Abbasid Empire, as it expanded eastward, reached the shores of the Aral Sea, forming a rivalry between the two largest empires in the world in Central Asia. This opened the door to the Battle of Talas, one of the world's major events of 751.

Families of inmates are being forced to work in factories in Yildiz.

During our correspondent's telephone interview with the village of Chulukai in Yildiz County, it was revealed that the authorities were forcing the families of the inmates who had lost their slave labor in the village to work in factories. Hundreds of people, mostly mothers and the elderly, were reportedly taken to government factories on a government-run bus, working 10 to 12 hours a day. There are special staff assigned to oversee these.

One source familiar with the situation said that in the first two years, Chinese authorities, which have recruited detainees in the Uyghur region for political studies in the first two years of their lives, have been forcing them to work in factories with very low wages. It is said that the vast majority of these are women and a small number are elderly men.

A village police officer in Chulukai village, Yining County, who answered our call, revealed that the families of the inmates in Chulukai were being used in factories in a place called Yamachang on the outskirts of Yining City. Our previous investigations revealed that Yamachang was one of more than 20 camps set up in Yining in 2017 and 2018. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. However, according to village police, the detainees were sent to work for their families in gloves, socks and other clothing factories.

According to a radio interview, the man was forced to work for more than 10 hours, earning only between 1,000 and 2,000 yuan. The village police said they did not know if they would be paid a monthly stipend to Yamachang. He said there were special cadres sent to bring the families of the prisoners to work, and these cadres were urging them to go to work almost every day. In addition to the majority of those working, women and the elderly, there are also some people with pain. These will be taken to work at 6 a.m. and returned from work at 6 p.m.

The village police also warned that the families of these forced laborers had children and adults who had to be cared for, so they would be fired in the evening.

It is also known that most of the people working in the fields or factories were women and the elderly, and that some of the police officers were on the buses that took them to work in the fields, even more than the footage of the Uyghur region's labor camps shared by the camp's witness, Zumrat Davut, on Facebook.

Zumrat Davuto ،lu said that the inmates had witnessed the forced labor of their families while they were in the country, that they would not be paid, and that the authorities would only provide "qualified" conditions for them to meet with family members in prisons by scoring them.  

The village police said that in addition to the factories in Yamachang, the families of some inmates were also working in factories at Aruz Farm.

One of the camp's witnesses, Gulzira Awulkan, also revealed that when she was released from the camp, Aruz was forced to work at a glove factory on the farm. Reminding them that they were paid only 600 yuan, Gulzira said that she was taken by bus from her dormitory to the workplace and that political studies and police interrogations continued when she left work.

According to reports, the families of the inmates who were taken from Chulukai to Aruz Farms were the ones who made the flower beds.

Another female director in Chulukai revealed that among those who had been forced into labor in Yamachang and Aruz were those who had completed the so-called "training".
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