Egypt : A call in Parliament to the Minister of Defense requesting the activation of Article (134) of the Constitution against Israel Egypt : A call in Parliament to the Minister of Defense requesting the activation of Article (134) of the Constitution against Israel

Egypt : A call in Parliament to the Minister of Defense requesting the activation of Article (134) of the Constitution against Israel

Egypt : A call in Parliament to the Minister of Defense requesting the activation of Article (134) of the Constitution against Israel

Samira Al-Gazzar, a member of the House of Representatives from the Egyptian Social Democratic Party, requested that the Egyptian government take immediate action against Israel in accordance with the provisions of Article 134 of the Constitution.
She said in her letter, which was also based on Articles (215) of the internal regulations of the House of Representatives, and which she addressed to Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly, Minister of Defense Lieutenant General Mohamed Ahmed Zaki, and Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry, that based on the text of the 1949 Geneva Convention regarding the Protection of Civilian Persons In times of war, the state that occupies the lands of others is obligated to allow international organizations and others to open humanitarian corridors, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter Three related to the occupied territories.

Representative Mustafa Bakri points to a frightening scenario for the region that Washington and Tel Aviv are beginning to implement
She explained, "Based on this agreement, I immediately and urgently call on the Egyptian government to address the United Nations, the Red Cross, and the concerned countries to put pressure on Israel to allow the opening of humanitarian corridors to Palestine and the passage of relief materials and aid to protect and assist civilians, including children, women, and the elderly in Gaza."

She added that the Egyptian government must inform "the Zionist entity immediately that Egypt will allow the opening of the Rafah corridor immediately for relief to reach our people in the Gaza Strip, while the bombing of the corridor is completely stopped and Egyptian and other relief trucks are allowed to pass safely."

Earlier, Egyptian Foreign Minister Sameh Shukri warned Israel against pursuing a starvation policy in Gaza.

Israel imposes a complete siege on the Gaza Strip, preventing entry and exit to and from the Strip, and they also cut off water, electricity, and food supplies.

The representative of the United Nations World Food Program in Palestine, Samer Abdel Jaber, said that the food supplies on which the residents of the Gaza Strip depend are about to run out, calling for the establishment of humanitarian corridors.

Abdul Jaber explained: “The situation is catastrophic and devastating. We are working on the ground and doing everything we can to ensure that those in need who have fled their homes and are living in shelters receive the food and assistance they need to survive.”

Genocide in Rwanda: victims want the French state to be condemned

Victims of the Tutsi genocide in Rwanda and two associations have filed a request in Paris with the administrative courts in the hope of having the French state condemned for various "mistakes" that they believe it committed in 1994, we learned. AFP on Wednesday with the applicants.

According to them, this is the first action brought before administrative justice, after several failures before criminal justice.

The request, signed by around twenty victims or witnesses of the genocide and two associations, “Rwandais Avenir” and the Collective of Civil Parties for Rwanda (CPCR), was filed in April before the Paris administrative court, according to documents consulted by AFP.

“The attitude of the French State from 1990 to 1994 in Rwanda reflects a system of obvious errors of assessment and equally systemic serious service errors ,” maintains the applicants' representative, Philippe Raphaël, in a press release. .

"The responsibility of the French State must be engaged for illegality, fault, culpable deficiencies, service faults, faults not devoid of any link with the service", in particular because the State "has not denounced the Treaty of military assistance from 1975 to a genocidal Rwandan government ,” the request argues.

This targets the former secretary general of the Élysée Hubert Védrine and several soldiers, in particular Admiral Jacques Lanxade, chief of staff of the armed forces in France in 1994. The latter would have, according to the applicants, "exceeded its powers" and "modified the balance of powers in favor of the military and to the detriment of the civil-political."

The request also targets Operation Turquoise , which was dismissed by the criminal justice system in 2022, contested by the civil parties. The investigating judges should in all likelihood issue a new order dropping the charges in the coming weeks.

In this instruction, the civil parties accused France of "complicity in genocide" for having, according to them, knowingly abandoned the Tutsi civilians taking refuge in the hills of Bisesero for three days, allowing the massacre of hundreds of them to be carried out by the genocidaires , from June 27 to 30, 1994.

But according to the magistrates, the investigations have not established the direct participation of French military forces in these abuses, any more than their complicity by aid or assistance to the genocidaires, or even by abstention.

The administrative request is also based on the report of the commission of historians chaired by Vincent Duclert, based on the analysis of French archives, which concluded that France had " heavy and overwhelming" responsibilities and called into question the then president François Mitterrand and his entourage, “ideologically blinded” .

The Duclert report, however, ruled out any “complicity” in genocide by France. According to the UN, the massacres in Rwanda left more than 800,000 dead between April and July 1994, mainly among the Tutsi minority.
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