The Nobel Prize for Literature 2023 will be awarded to the Norwegian writer Jon Fosse

The Nobel Prize for Literature 2023 will be awarded to the Norwegian writer Jon Fosse

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Thursday that Norwegian writer Jon Fosse has won the 2023 Nobel Prize for Literature, due to his innovative works.

The 2023 Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded to Norwegian writer Jon Fosse.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced during a press conference on Thursday that the Nobel Prize for Literature 2023 was awarded to Norwegian author Jon Fosse because of his “innovative plays and prose works that express what cannot be revealed.”

She stated that Fosse is considered one of the most widely performed playwrights in the world, and that he is becoming more famous day by day for his prose works.

Jon Fosse was born on September 29, 1959 in the Norwegian city of Haugesund.

Fosse studied “comparative literature” at the University of Bergen, and his first novel, “Red and Black,” was published in 1983.

Fossa has many novels, short stories, poetry, children's books, articles, and plays, and some of his works have been translated into more than 40 languages, including Arabic.

Jon Vosse, along with five other winners, will receive this year's Nobel Prizes at a ceremony to be held in Stockholm on December 10, on the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death in 1986.

A pro-Israel group in the British Labor Party calls for attention to the two-state solution and an organization banned from using the word “apartheid.”

London : The Guardian newspaper published a report by diplomatic editor Patrick Wintour, in which he referred to a booklet prepared by an influential pro-Israel group in the British Parliament, “Friends of Israel in the Labor Party.” Its authors called on party leader Keir Starmer, and a week before the party’s general conference was held, to change Labor’s policy, “The Case of Winning.” The government, with regard to the Middle East, and to overcome the indifferent attitude of the Conservative government towards resolving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

The group said that the party, “having gotten rid of the taint of anti-Semitism,” could push for a two-state solution, contrary to the position of the conservatives .”

The booklet stated that a government led by the Labor Party could push for a settlement freeze and stop the “democratic decline” in the National Authority and Israel as well.

 Report: The largest advocacy organization for Palestine (in Britain) said that it cannot refer to Israel in its publications as an apartheid state.

The booklet came to demonstrate the shift in the exhausting debates within the party regarding anti-Semitism, and to present a detailed solution policy for the Israeli-Palestinian issue on which the party agrees.

“The current Labor Party is now free from the taint of anti-Semitism and Zionism,” the authors said.

The booklet strongly defends Israel, since it is from a pro-Israel group, but it is interesting in that the group is willing to criticize the current government coalition and call for a settlement freeze. One of the contributors to the booklet is Michael Rubin, director of the Labor Party’s Friends of Israel group, who said that “Benjamin Netanyahu’s self-serving efforts to weaken the independence of the judiciary, and the alienating actions and rhetoric of his far-right allies, go beyond being disagreements,” as they expose “norms.” “Democracy and the rule of law are at risk, and they threaten what many of us see as the very character of Israel: not simply the homeland of the Jewish people, but a beacon of democracy, the rule of law and minority rights in the Middle East.”

 What is cause for optimism, according to Rubin, is that the actions and image of the Netanyahu government led to the emergence of a broad opposition movement .

The authors, including MPs and academics, argued that the Conservative Party showed “a surprising lack of interest in the Middle East” by abolishing the position designated for Minister of Middle Eastern Affairs, and that the Labor Party should restore the position on the first day it comes to power.

The authors support a settlement freeze, as part of steps designed to limit the parameters of the conflict and strengthen trust, and “this must be part of a process that includes confidence-building measures on the part of the national authority and Arab countries, especially Saudi Arabia.”

 The authors called for proceeding with the plan to classify the “Iranian Revolutionary Guard” as a terrorist entity, a position rejected by the Conservative Party, despite pressure from backbench MPs.

 The authors propose the creation of an international fund for Israeli-Palestinian peace, in the form of a peacebuilding process in Ireland, investment in a viable Palestinian state, and renewed investments in the National Authority. Incitement must be stopped and corruption must be fought, including publishing an annual report showing the National Authority’s commitment to the conditions of British aid.

 They also called for a donor conference, focusing on an emergency plan for green infrastructure in Gaza, where the unemployment rate reaches 40%, linked to a reliable monitoring plan, and ensuring that Hamas does not divert materials to infrastructure for military purposes.

The authors acknowledge that Britain's influence is limited, but it can, in cooperation with Europe, help the Biden administration, especially if Israel expresses a willingness to make concessions in exchange for the US-sponsored normalization process with Saudi Arabia. However, one of the authors, visiting fellow at the London School of Economics Toby George, warned that it would be difficult to maintain a consensus within the Conservative Party, and that “the extremism of the current Israeli government, the diplomatic vacuum and the tendency to escalate violence, may fuel calls for boycott, divestment and sanctions, with all their might.” It has controversial repercussions in the Labor Party.”

 Before holding the party’s general conference, its headquarters were accused of censorship and deleting words such as “Stop apartheid” from the solidarity campaign with Palestine on the sidelines of the party conference. In this context, the Middle East Eye website published a report in which it said that the Labor Party prevented a pro-Palestinian group from using “Apartheid” in its brochure.

In the report prepared by Aribullah, he said that the largest pro-Palestine organization said that it could not refer to Israel as an apartheid state in its publications and before the party conference.

The Palestine Solidarity Campaign and the labor unions believe in the principle of Martin Luther King, which is that injustice everywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

On Wednesday, the Palestine Solidarity Campaign (PSC) said the Labor Party had deleted any reference to the word from the campaign and its conference booklet, on the sidelines of the party's general conference. The event, whose title will be “Justice for the Palestinians and Stop Apartheid,” is expected to be held on Tuesday, but the conference was not mentioned in the party’s bulletins.

All this despite the fact that Israel’s decades-long occupation of the Palestinian territories has been described by human rights organizations, including B’Tselem, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International, as amounting to apartheid.

Saleh Hijazi, Policy Coordinator of the Palestinian Boycott Movement, and Mick Whelan, General Secretary of the Asleef Trade Union, are scheduled to speak at the symposium. When the Palestine Solidarity Campaign challenged the ban, the pro-Palestine group said the response was that “the Labor Party refuses to publish a description that calls Israel an apartheid state.”

Officials told the organization that publishing literature containing the word apartheid “would be harmful to the party.” Ben Jammal, director of the Palestine Solidarity Campaign, responded that “a Labor government must abide by international law, and the principle of respect for human rights must be central to all relations with foreign countries, including trade.” Such a commitment means holding Israel accountable for its practices that may amount to crimes against humanity.” He said that the organization’s meeting, next week, entitled “Justice for the Palestinians and Stop Apartheid,” will be as scheduled, regardless of what the workers’ conference brochure announced. “We look forward to welcoming all party members, members of the Palestine Solidarity Campaign, and trade unions who believe in the principle of Martin Luther King, which is injustice everywhere and a threat to justice everywhere.”

 A Labor spokesman said: “Keir Starmer has been clear that this is not the position of the Labor Party.”

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